Ch. 4 & 5: Alcohol and Sedative-Hypnotics neurochem – Flashcards

question
Alcoholics are likely to experience which of the following problems with their memory?
answer
retrospective memory (past events) prospective memory (day to day) Page 5.21
question
Alcohol interacts with more types of receptors, neurotransmitters, and genes than do marijuana and cocaine.
answer
True
question
A person's reaction to alcohol and level of impairment depends on that person's drinking history, behavioral tolerance, and mood.
answer
True
question
Chronic heavy drinking can contribute to which of the following diseases?
answer
#1. cancer of the stomach and esophagus #2. malnutrition #3. hypertension (high blood pressure) #4. cardiac arrhythmias (abnormal irregular heart rhythms) Pages 5.21
question
Easy access to alcohol, a permissive societal view of drinking, unsafe living conditions, poor nutrition, and limited access to healthcare and drug recovery programs are examples of what factors associated with increased alcohol use?
answer
environmental Pages 5.24
question
High-dose alcohol affects the central nervous system by ______ its function. At higher blood alcohol levels, this leads to ______ heart rate and breathing.
answer
decreasing | decreased Pages 5.15
question
In the United States, approximately what percentage of hospital admissions are due to medical complications related alcohol use?
answer
25-30% Page 5.2
question
Major alcohol withdrawal symptoms can develop within as short time as 7 consecutive weeks of heavy drinking.
answer
True page 5.26
question
On average, the body can metabolize and eliminate 1 ounce of pure alcohol (the equivalent of about 1.5 standard drinks) in what time frame?
answer
three hours Page 5.16
question
The effects of alcohol ______ negative emotions such as loneliness, depression, and anger.
answer
deepen Page 5.13
question
The effects of long-term alcohol abuse on physical health, neurochemistry, and cellular function are fewer and less harsh than for most other psychoactive drugs.
answer
False
question
The following symptoms are indicative of what alcohol-related condition(s)? Symptoms: rapid pulse, sweating, increased body temperature, hand tremors, anxiety, depression, insomnia, and nausea or vomiting
answer
moderate alcohol withdrawal hangover Page 5.26
question
When large amounts of alcohol are consumed more rapidly than the body can process and metabolize it, which of the following may occur?
answer
#1. alcohol poisoning #2. unconsciousness #3. respiratory and cardiac failure #4. coma and death Pages 5.15, 5.16
question
When other depressants are used, the danger of overdose is greatly increased because metabolism of alcohol takes precedence over metabolism of other substances.
answer
True
question
Which of the following drinking patterns increase the risk of becoming an alcoholic for a person under age 65?
answer
#1. More than 4 drinks per day for men #2. More than 3 drinks per day for women #3. 14 or more drinks per week for men #4. 7 or more drinks per week for women
question
Benzodiazepine sedative-hypnotics generally have a higher margin of overdose safety than other drugs in this depressant category.
answer
True Page 4.37
question
Drug tolerance to benzodiazepines develops in part due to the increased efficiency of the liver in processing (metabolizing) a drug that is used regularly.
answer
True Page 4.39
question
Most sedative-hypnotics are from natural sources.
answer
False All modern prescriptions sedative-hypnotics are synthetic. Pages 4.2, 4.34
question
Sedatives are medications used to induce sleep.
answer
False Sedatives are calming drugs. Page 4.33
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question
Alcoholics are likely to experience which of the following problems with their memory?
answer
retrospective memory (past events) prospective memory (day to day) Page 5.21
question
Alcohol interacts with more types of receptors, neurotransmitters, and genes than do marijuana and cocaine.
answer
True
question
A person's reaction to alcohol and level of impairment depends on that person's drinking history, behavioral tolerance, and mood.
answer
True
question
Chronic heavy drinking can contribute to which of the following diseases?
answer
#1. cancer of the stomach and esophagus #2. malnutrition #3. hypertension (high blood pressure) #4. cardiac arrhythmias (abnormal irregular heart rhythms) Pages 5.21
question
Easy access to alcohol, a permissive societal view of drinking, unsafe living conditions, poor nutrition, and limited access to healthcare and drug recovery programs are examples of what factors associated with increased alcohol use?
answer
environmental Pages 5.24
question
High-dose alcohol affects the central nervous system by ______ its function. At higher blood alcohol levels, this leads to ______ heart rate and breathing.
answer
decreasing | decreased Pages 5.15
question
In the United States, approximately what percentage of hospital admissions are due to medical complications related alcohol use?
answer
25-30% Page 5.2
question
Major alcohol withdrawal symptoms can develop within as short time as 7 consecutive weeks of heavy drinking.
answer
True page 5.26
question
On average, the body can metabolize and eliminate 1 ounce of pure alcohol (the equivalent of about 1.5 standard drinks) in what time frame?
answer
three hours Page 5.16
question
The effects of alcohol ______ negative emotions such as loneliness, depression, and anger.
answer
deepen Page 5.13
question
The effects of long-term alcohol abuse on physical health, neurochemistry, and cellular function are fewer and less harsh than for most other psychoactive drugs.
answer
False
question
The following symptoms are indicative of what alcohol-related condition(s)? Symptoms: rapid pulse, sweating, increased body temperature, hand tremors, anxiety, depression, insomnia, and nausea or vomiting
answer
moderate alcohol withdrawal hangover Page 5.26
question
When large amounts of alcohol are consumed more rapidly than the body can process and metabolize it, which of the following may occur?
answer
#1. alcohol poisoning #2. unconsciousness #3. respiratory and cardiac failure #4. coma and death Pages 5.15, 5.16
question
When other depressants are used, the danger of overdose is greatly increased because metabolism of alcohol takes precedence over metabolism of other substances.
answer
True
question
Which of the following drinking patterns increase the risk of becoming an alcoholic for a person under age 65?
answer
#1. More than 4 drinks per day for men #2. More than 3 drinks per day for women #3. 14 or more drinks per week for men #4. 7 or more drinks per week for women
question
Benzodiazepine sedative-hypnotics generally have a higher margin of overdose safety than other drugs in this depressant category.
answer
True Page 4.37
question
Drug tolerance to benzodiazepines develops in part due to the increased efficiency of the liver in processing (metabolizing) a drug that is used regularly.
answer
True Page 4.39
question
Most sedative-hypnotics are from natural sources.
answer
False All modern prescriptions sedative-hypnotics are synthetic. Pages 4.2, 4.34
question
Sedatives are medications used to induce sleep.
answer
False Sedatives are calming drugs. Page 4.33