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Ch 30 – Flashcard Answers Essay

question

A patient has septic shock. Which drug will the nurse expect to administer?
answer

Vasopressin
question

What assessment finding indicates to the nurse that vasopressin has been effective?
answer

Increased urine specific gravity
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A patient who has syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) is prescribed vasopressin. Which drug in the patient’s history would be of concern to the nurse?
answer

Carbamazepine
question

Which characteristic of desmopressin makes it the drug of choice for the treatment of diabetes insipidus?
answer

It has a long duration of action.
question

Which patient is most likely to be treated with somatropin?
answer

A 7-year-old diagnosed with growth hormone deficiency
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A patient is prescribed desmopressin for treatment of hemophilia A. While teaching the patient about the drug, the nurse instructs the patient to avoid alcohol. What is the reason behind the instruction?
answer

Alcohol reduces the effects of desmopressin.
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The primary health care provider prescribes vasopressin to a patient. What side effects will the nurse expect in the patient?
answer

Decreased urination
question

Which drug is used to diagnose adrenocortical insufficiency?
answer

Cosyntropin
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A 6-year-old child with growth hormone deficiency who weighs 20 kg is prescribed somatropin to promote normal growth. What dosage of the drug will be administered to the child?
answer

7 mg/week IM
question

The nurse instructs a nursing student to administer vasopressin to a patient. The student observes visible particles in the vasopressin solution and notifies the nurse. What instruction will the nurse give the student to ensure safe administration of vasopressin?
answer

“Do not administer the drug to the patient.”
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A patient is prescribed somatropin injection subcutaneously. Which nursing intervention promotes safe administration of the drug?
answer

Rotating the injection site
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A patient is prescribed cosyntropin. What side effect will the nurse expect?
answer

Edema
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After delivery, a patient develops uterine atony and increased bleeding. What medication will the nurse expect to administer?
answer

Oxytocin
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The nurse instructs a nursing student to administer vasopressin to a patient. The nursing student asks the nurse about the elimination half-life of the drug. What is the correct response by the nurse?
answer

30 minutes
question

A patient with type 1 diabetes mellitus is receiving growth hormone. Which assessment finding is the nurse’s priority?
answer

Hyperglycemia
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Which medication, when given with desmopressin, causes increased water retention?
answer

Carbamazepine
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Which condition is contraindicated with somatrem?
answer

Acromegaly
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Which drug is used to treat pulseless cardiac arrest according to the Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) guidelines?
answer

Vasopressin
question

The nurse is caring for a child diagnosed with growth hormone deficiency. The nurse educates the child’s parents about the child’s care. The nurse will instruct the child’s parents to report which symptom?
answer

Limping
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The nurse is caring for a patient who has human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and who is prescribed somatropin. What is the function of somatropin?
answer

To reduce weight loss