Ch. 3 World History – Flashcards

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Conquistadors
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Conquerors who settled on the Islands of Hispaniola
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Jacques Carter
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French explorer who discovered the St. Lawrence River; claimed much of present day Canada for France
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Viceroys
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Ruled Spain's colonies in the name of the Spanish Monarchs
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Entrepreneurs
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Take financial risks to make profit
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Moctezuma
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Aztec emperor
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Privateers
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Pirates who operated with the approval of European governments
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Mercantilism
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Founded countries for profit/wealth for the mother country
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Hernan Cortes
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Cuban land owner who conquered the Aztecs
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Middle Passage
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Africans transported to the Americas
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Encomiendas
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System used to force Native Americans to labor under brutal conditions
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Who did Cortes form alliances with to take down the Aztec Empire?
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Malinche, who served as a translator
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Which conquistador added lands of present day Peru, Ecuador, and Chile?
answer
Francisco Pizzaro
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At the top of the Spanish colonial society where what?
answer
Peninsulares
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What land became part or Portugal's empire due to the Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494?
answer
Brazil
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Why did the population of New France grow slowly?
answer
Faced with harsh climates, death, hunger, disease, hypothermia
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Colonies of Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Maryland were mainly set up as what?
answer
Havens for persecuted religious groups
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What did the first leg of the Triangular Trade bring?
answer
Goods exchanged for slaves
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What is the estimated number of Africans that died during the African Slave Trade?
answer
2 million
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What mercantilist policy was designed to protect local industries from foreign competition?
answer
Protective tariff
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How did Malinche influence the early history of the Americas?
answer
She serves as Cortes' translator and advisor. She told Cortes how the Aztecs gained power, giving him an idea of how to reach alliances with groups of people conquered by the Aztecs. She had an influence on turning Natives against the Aztec empire.
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Why do you think more Spanish priests did not condemn the encomienda system, as Bartolome de las Casa did?
answer
Las Casa did not care about the money, he viewed it as immoral. Spanish priests wanted free labor, and the money made from the goods went directly back to the church. The benefits outweighed the immorality of the encomienda system.
question
Why did Britain and France fight a war in North America in the mid-1700s? How was North America affected by the peace treaty at the end of the war?
answer
Britain wanted land owned by the French, so the French and Indian War took place. With the Treaty of Paris, Britain had complete dominance, and the Louisiana Territory was forced from the French to the Spanish. If Britain were to have lost, the colonies would have never been created.
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question
Conquistadors
answer
Conquerors who settled on the Islands of Hispaniola
question
Jacques Carter
answer
French explorer who discovered the St. Lawrence River; claimed much of present day Canada for France
question
Viceroys
answer
Ruled Spain's colonies in the name of the Spanish Monarchs
question
Entrepreneurs
answer
Take financial risks to make profit
question
Moctezuma
answer
Aztec emperor
question
Privateers
answer
Pirates who operated with the approval of European governments
question
Mercantilism
answer
Founded countries for profit/wealth for the mother country
question
Hernan Cortes
answer
Cuban land owner who conquered the Aztecs
question
Middle Passage
answer
Africans transported to the Americas
question
Encomiendas
answer
System used to force Native Americans to labor under brutal conditions
question
Who did Cortes form alliances with to take down the Aztec Empire?
answer
Malinche, who served as a translator
question
Which conquistador added lands of present day Peru, Ecuador, and Chile?
answer
Francisco Pizzaro
question
At the top of the Spanish colonial society where what?
answer
Peninsulares
question
What land became part or Portugal's empire due to the Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494?
answer
Brazil
question
Why did the population of New France grow slowly?
answer
Faced with harsh climates, death, hunger, disease, hypothermia
question
Colonies of Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Maryland were mainly set up as what?
answer
Havens for persecuted religious groups
question
What did the first leg of the Triangular Trade bring?
answer
Goods exchanged for slaves
question
What is the estimated number of Africans that died during the African Slave Trade?
answer
2 million
question
What mercantilist policy was designed to protect local industries from foreign competition?
answer
Protective tariff
question
How did Malinche influence the early history of the Americas?
answer
She serves as Cortes' translator and advisor. She told Cortes how the Aztecs gained power, giving him an idea of how to reach alliances with groups of people conquered by the Aztecs. She had an influence on turning Natives against the Aztec empire.
question
Why do you think more Spanish priests did not condemn the encomienda system, as Bartolome de las Casa did?
answer
Las Casa did not care about the money, he viewed it as immoral. Spanish priests wanted free labor, and the money made from the goods went directly back to the church. The benefits outweighed the immorality of the encomienda system.
question
Why did Britain and France fight a war in North America in the mid-1700s? How was North America affected by the peace treaty at the end of the war?
answer
Britain wanted land owned by the French, so the French and Indian War took place. With the Treaty of Paris, Britain had complete dominance, and the Louisiana Territory was forced from the French to the Spanish. If Britain were to have lost, the colonies would have never been created.