Ch 2 The History of Public and Community Health and Nursing

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American Association of Colleges of Nursing
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members are baccalaureate and higher degree nursing education programs. The association serves as the national voice for these programs.
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American Nurses Association
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a national association for registered nurses in the US. founded 1896
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American Public Health Association
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national organization founded in 1872 to facilitate interdisciplinary efforts and promote public health.
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American Red Cross
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national organization founded in 1881 through efforts of Clara Barton that today seeks to reduce human suffering through health, safety, and disaster relief programs in affiliation with the International Committee of the Red Cross.
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Mary Breckinridge
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pioneering nurse who established the Frontier Nursing Service to deliver community health services to families in rural Kentucky
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district nursing
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a system in public health nursing in which a nurse was assigned to a geographic district in a town to provide a variety of health services for its residents
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Frontier Nursing Service
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provides community health services to rural families in Kentucky. MB developed outpost centers to provide midwifery, nursing, medical and dental care
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instructive district nursing
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an early term for visiting nursing; emphasized health education and care to families
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Metropolitan Life Insurance Company
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a life insurance company that provided home nursing services for its beneficiaries and their families from 1909 to 1952
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National League of Nursing
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national nursing organization initially established nurse training standards and promoted collegial relations among nurses
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Florence Nightingale
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English nurse who is credited with establishing nursing as a discipline. Designed & implemented the first program of trained nursing
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official health agencies
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agencies operated by state or local governments to provide a wide range of public health services including community and public health nursing services
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William Rathbone
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British philanthropist who founded the first district nursing association in Liverpool, advocated for district nursing in England
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settlement houses
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neighborhood centers providing social and health services
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Shattuck Report
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first attempt to describe a model approach to the organization of public health
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Social Security Act of 1935
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enacted to protect the health of people and included funds for education and employment of public health nurses
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visiting nurse associations
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agencies staffed by nurses who provide care for patients and families most often in the home
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visiting nurses
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provide care wherever the client may be–at home, work or school
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Lillian Wald
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first public health nurse in the US; founded Henry Street Settlement
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Mary Adelaide Nutting
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Working with the Henry Street Settlement, began the first postgraduate nursing course in Public Health nursing.
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Jessie Sleet (Scales)
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A Canadian educated, became the first black public health nurse when she was hired by the New York Charity Organizaiton
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Pearl McIver
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First nurse to be employed by the U.S Public Health Dept to provide consultation services to state health department.
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Naomi Duetsch
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Director of nursing for the Federal Children’s Bureaus
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World War II
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this event increased the need for nurses both for war effort and at home
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Frances Payne
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U.S Representative of Ohio, which established Cadet Nurses Corps, it supported increased undergraduate and graduate enrollment in school of nursing.
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Esther Lucile Brown
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Published Study of nursing education, “Nurse for the future”
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Healthy People 2012
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Emphasizes reducing health disparities and increasing years of healthy life
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France Root
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First trained nurse in the United States who was salaried as a visiting nurse, to provide care for the sick person at home.
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The Sheppard-Towner Act of 1921
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expanded community health nursing roles for maternal and child health during 1920.

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