Ch. 17 Gothic Art Essay

question

Abbot Suger began the rebuilding of the Cathedral of __________ in the 1130s.
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Saint-Denis
question

What architectural feature distinguishes English Gothic cathedrals from those built in France?
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A tower at the crossing served as the focal point.
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In its day, art of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries was called the _______________, but Giorgio Vasari, an artist and art historian of the sixteenth century, coined the term “Gothic” as a pejorative reference to its rejection of the classical principles that regained popularity in the Renaissance.
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French Style
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In the Gothic period, Thomas Aquinas made __________ the intellectual center of Europe.
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Paris
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Windows along the aisles and chapels at Chartres Cathedral included multi-scene narratives, characterized by _________________.
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complex learned allegories on sin and salvation
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The first Mendicant Orders of monks were the __________.
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Franciscans
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Gothic cathedrals differ from those built in the Romanesque period in their _______________.
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shift toward more open, light-filled spaces
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What was the primary form of monumental painting during the Gothic period?
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stained glass
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Why did the building of Gothic cathedrals frequently inspire public outrage and riots?
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burden of new taxes
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___________help support nave vaults by transferring their outward thrust over the aisles to massive, free-standing upright external buttresses.
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Flying buttresses
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Holes cut in the stone of the wall and filled with stained glass are called __________.
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plate tracery
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To support its vault, the Cathedral of Notre-Dame at Chartres adopted the recently developed _________________.
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flying buttresses
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The historical manuscripts compiled by Matthew Paris at St. Albans Monastery in England include__________________.
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marginal drawings that were integral to his writing
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What did Abbot Suger adopt from his reading of religious texts by the Pseudo-Dionysius, for the redesign of the Abbey Church at Saint-Denis?
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the concept of luminosity
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What architectural element of the choir at the Abbey Church of Saint-Denis was introduced at the time of Abbot Suger’s redesign?
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non-load-bearing walls filled with stained glass
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The thirteenth-century cathedral in __________ is an excellent example of the English interpretation of the Gothic style.
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Salisbury
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Architects in Germany developed the__________ church, characterized by a nave and side aisle whose vaults all reach the same height.
answer

hall
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In 1194, a fire destroyed most of the Church of __________, but spared the Royal Portal, its windows and the crypt.
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Chartres
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The development of __________at Reims Cathedral made possible even larger areas of stained glass in relation to wall surface.
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bar tracery
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The oldest functioning synagogue in Europe is __________.
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Altneuschul
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Chartres received revenue not only from pilgrims but also from _________ that were held on the feast days of the Virgin
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cloth markets
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The Parisian style during the reign of Louis IX is called the ________________.
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Court style
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The ambiguity and contradiction of earlier British manuscripts continued in the ________________.
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Windmill Psalter
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The Royal Portal at the Church of Notre Dame at Chartres gets its name from ___________.
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the column statues depicting Biblical kings, queens, and prophets
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The city of __________ was a major center of book production in the Gothic period.
answer

Paris

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