Ch. 12 psychology test practice

question

Psychologists who practice behavioral therapy focus on __________.
answer

changing the client’s self-defeating or problematic behaviors.
question

Julie’s therapist tells her in their first session, “My aim is to help you build your self-esteem and sense of self-acceptance and help you to find a more productive way of seeing your problems.” Julie’s therapist sounds like she operates from which of the following therapeutic perspectives?
answer

cognitive-centered therapy.
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The process that occurs in psychoanalysis when a client sits on a sofa and says whatever comes to mind without censoring, with the analyst sitting out of view, is called ________.
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free association.
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Psychosurgery is defined as __________.
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any surgical procedure that destroys selected areas of the brain believed to be involved in emotional disorders or violent, impulsive behavior.
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A therapeutic intervention called multisystemic therapy has been successful in reducing teen violence, criminal activity, and drug abuse. The intervention combines which two therapies?
answer

family systems and behavioral.
question

The type of therapist who is most likely to help clients explore the meaning of their lives and to bravely examine death, freedom, free will, and other such topics is a ________ therapist.
answer

existential.
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Therapeutic influence, and sometimes coercion, is responsible for the huge number of people diagnosed with _______.
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multiple personality disorder.
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An antidepressant drug would be prescribed for _______.
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anxiety.
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The most successful therapists make their clients feel _____________.
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respected, accepted, and understood.
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Which of the behavioral therapy techniques requires clients to keep careful data on the frequency and the consequences of the behavior to be changed?
answer

behavioral self-monitoring.
question

People suffering from bipolar disorder often are helped by taking _________.
answer

lithium carbonate.
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__________ therapy emphasizes people’s free will to change and aims to help them develop the confidence and positive self-regard to do so.
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humanist.
question

Valium and Xanax, which increase the activity of the neurotransmitter GABA, are in a class of drugs called ___________.
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tranquilizer.
question

Which of the approaches to therapy concerns itself with a client’s tendency to over generalize?
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rational-emotive behavior therapy.
question

Psychosurgery is defined as _________.
answer

any surgical procedure that destroys selected areas of the brain believed to be involved in emotional disorders or violent, impulsive behavior.
question

All successful therapies, regardless of approach, share what key element?
answer

Replacing the clients negative life story with a positive one.
question

Psychologists who practice behavioral therapy focus on ___________.
answer

changing the client’s self-defeating or problematic behaviors.
question

The bond of confidence and mutual understanding established between therapist and client, which allows them to work together to solve the clients problems, is called _______.
answer

the therapeutic alliance.
question

Electroconvulsive therapy is used successfully to treat _________ that has not responded to other treatments, but the effects are short- lived.
answer

severe depression.
question

Antipsychotic drugs are also known as _______.
answer

neuroleptics.
question

Clients who do well in therapy tend to ________.
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be agreeable and have a positive outlook.
question

A form of therapy designed to identify and change irrational, unproductive ways of thinking and hence reduce negative emotions and their behavioral consequences is called _______ therapy.
answer

Cognitive.

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