Please enter something

Ch 12 Practice Quiz Essay

question

1. can be defined as a psychologival intervention designed to help people resolve emotional, behavioral, and interpersonal problems and improve the quality of their lives
answer

psychotherapy
question

2. in general, (men/women) or more likely to seek psychotherapy
answer

Women
question

3. hispanic americans are (less/more) likely than non-Hispanic Americans to seek mental health services
answer

less
question

4. people ________ be helped by therapists who differ from them in significant ways
answer

can
question

5. individuals who experience some anxiety or minor temporary problems are ________ to benefit from therapy
answer

likely
question

6. what was the ideal client like, according to a 1964 study of people in therapy? has that view changed today?
answer

A 1964 study found that many therapist preferred to treat people who are relatively young, attractive, verbal, intelligent, and successful. Therapist have recently become more aware of the importance of assisting a broad clientele of all ages and cultural backgrounds
question

7. a person with no pro training who provides mental helth services is called a(n)
answer

paraprofessional
question

8. in most states, the term therapist ________ legally protected
answer

isn’t
question

10. a therapist who talks a lot about his/her personal life is likely to be ________
answer

ineffective
question

11. in the technique of ________ ________, clients are allowed to express themselves without censorship of any sort
answer

free association
question

12. neo-freudians placed ________ emphasis on the unconscious than did freudians
answer

less
question

13. according to jung, ________ is the integration of opposing aspects of the patient’s personality into a harmonious “whole” namly, the self
answer

individuation
question

15. psychodynamic therapy ________ especially effective for psychotic disorders like schizophrenia
answer

isn’t
question

16. in roger’s ________ therapy, the therapist uses reflection to communicate empathy to the client
answer

person-centered
question

17. rogers believed that therapists must express ________ ________ ________, a nonjudgmental acceptance of all feeling, thoughts, and behaviors the client expresses
answer

unconditional positive regard
question

14. critics of psychodynamic therapies assert that understanding our emotional history ________ required to relieve psychological distress
answer

isn’t
question

18. explain the 2 chair technique used by gestalt therapists
answer

Gestalt therapy’s 2 chair technique aims to integrate opposing aspects of the clients personality, such as the good boy and the spoiled brat
question

19. ressearch indicates that the therapeutic ________ is often a stronger predictor of success in therapy than the use of specific techniques
answer

relationship
question

20. although person-centered therapy is more effective than no treatment, some studies that it may not help much more than a(n) ________ treatment
answer

placebo
question

21. group therapies are ________ as individual treatments
answer

as helpful as
question

22. it is ________ for self-help groups to form on the Internet
answer

common
question

23. AA’s famous 12 steps is based on the assumption that alcoholism is a ________ that requires members never to drink another drop after entering treatment
answer

physical disease
question

24. people who attend AA meetings or recieve treatment based on the 12 steps typically fare ________ people another who receive other treatments
answer

no better than
question

25. a key factor in who improves in AA is the ability to participate in a(n) ________ _______ ________
answer

adaptive social network
question

26. the relapse prevention approach teaches people to not feel ashamed or discouraged when they lapse, in an effort to avoid the ________ ________ effect
answer

abstinence violation
question

27. family therapists focus on ________ among family members rather than on the person with the most obvious problems
answer

interactions
question

28. ________ ________ ________ are designed to remove barriers to effective communication
answer

strategic family interventions
question

29. in ________ family therapy, the therapist is actively is actively involved in the everyday activities of the family to change the stucture of their interactions
answer

structural
question

30. research suggests that family therapy is ________ no treatment
answer

more effective than
question

31. a class of procedures that confronts patients with what they fear with the goal of reducing this fear is called ________
answer

exposure therapy
question

32. during ________ ________, clients are taught to relax as they are gradually exposed to what they fear in a stepwise manner
answer

systematic desensitization
question

33. what is in vivo exporsure therapy? how can it help people witha fear of flying?
answer

clients gradually approach and handle any fears, as these clients are doing as they overcome their fear of flying. In vivo desensitization involve real life gradual exposures to what the patient actually fears rather than a matching anxiety provoking situation
question

34. during ________, for prolonged periods, patients are exposed right away to images of stimuli they fear the most
answer

flooding
question

35. a crucial component of flowing is ________ ________, in which the therapist blocks clients from performing their typical avoidance behaviors
answer

response prevention
question

36. what is EMDR therapy? what role do eye movements play in treatment outcome?
answer

in EMDR, well reliving a traumatic memory, the patient focuses on the therapists fingers as they move back-and-forth. Studies indicate that such I live in Plano is horrible and EMDR’s effectiveness
question

37. during ________ ________, the therapist first models a problematic situation and then guides the client through steps to cope with it
answer

participant modeling
question

38. In ________ ________ programs, desireable behaviors are rewarded through the consistent application of operant conditioning principles
answer

token economy
question

39. ellis’s REBT emphasizes that our ________ systems plays a key role in how we function psychologically
answer

Belief
question

40. in Miechenbaum’s (1985) ________ ________ ________, therapists teach clients to prepare for and cope with the future stressful life events
answer

stress inoculation training
question

41. the dodo bird verdict suggests that all types of psychotherapies are equally
answer

effective
question

42. among researchers, there is ________ that the dodo bird verdict is correct
answer

no consensus
question

43. research shows that behavioral and cognitive behavioral therapies are ________ effective than other treatments for children and adolescents with behavioral problems
answer

more
question

44. most studies show that ________ people who receieve psychotherapy do better than the average person who doesn’t
answer

80%
question

45. what does the research suggest about the effectiveness of scared straight programs
answer

scared straight programs expose our lessons to prisoners in prison life in an effort to scare them away from criminal careers. Despite their popularity, research suggests that such programs are not nearly ineffective, but can actually increase the rate of problem behaviors in d teens
question

46. what kind of effect can postive life events, like major job promotions, have on psychological problems
answer

positive life events can help to explain spontaneous remission, the phenomenon of a psychological problem improving without any intervention
question

47. even when they don’t improve, clients who have invested time, money, and emotional effort in psychotherapy may convince themselves they’ve been helped a psychological phenomenon known as the
answer

self-serving bias
question

48. according to the regression to the mean phenomenon, if a client comes into treatment extremely depressed, the chances are ________ that he/she will be less depressed in a few weeks
answer

high
question

49. ________ ________ ________ are treatments for specific disorders that are supported by high-quality scientific evidence
answer

Empirically supported treatments
question

50. Americans spend $650 million a year on ________ ________ that promises self-improvement
answer

self help books
question

51. the use of medications to treat psychological problems is called
answer

psychopharmcotherapy
question

52. the first major drug for a psychological disorder, Thorazine, was used to treat ________
answer

schizophrenia
question

53. prozac and zoloft are among the best known
answer

SSRI
question

54. there ________ scientific evidence for an optimal level of serotonin or other neurotransmitters in the brain
answer

is not
question

55. people of different races and cultures ________ respond equally to the same does of medication
answer

do not
question

56. the safety and effectiveness of SSRIs when prescribed to ________ and ________ have been called into question because of increased risk of suicidal thoughts
answer

children, adolescents
question

57. Ritalin, used to teach ADHD, is an example of a medication that many believe had been ________ and may substitute for effective coping strategies for focusing attention
answer

over prescribed
question

58. during ________ ________, patients recieve brief electrical pulses to the brain that produces a seizure to treat serious psychological problems
answer

ECT
question

59. how does electrical stimulation to the vagus nerve work? has research shown it to be an effective treatment
answer

A small electrical device is implanted under the skin near the breastbone to stimulate the Vagus nerve which projects into many brain areas and is believed to stimulate serotonin release. It is used to treat severe depression. Well-controlled, large-scale studies are mostly lacking
question

60. define psychosurgery and explains its potential side effects
answer

psychosurgery is brain surgery used to treat psychological problems. Psychosurgery once involved instruction of significant portions of the brain, resulting in impaired memory, damaged emotion and creativity, and personality change. Psychosurgery today is more sophisticated and is associated with significantly milder side effects. Nonetheless the stigma surrounding psychosurgery remains