Ch 10 Tex govt Essay

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A ____ is unit of local government that performs a single service in a limited geographical area
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Special district
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A ____ is created to promote the coordination of efforts among various units of local government
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Council of government
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A ____ offers electricity, water, sewer and sanitation services outside the city limits
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Municipal utility district
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A constable is a(n) _______ officer
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Precinct-level
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According to the textbook, Capital appreciation bonds(CAB) are primary used by which type of special district ?
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School districts
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County government in Texas exists primarily to govern
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Rural areas
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County officials are
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Elected by the voters
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One of the functions of the county clerk is to keep records for
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Property transactions
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Rural areas are primarily governed by which type of government ?
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County government
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The council-manager form of government is distinctive in its use of a _______ who is a professionally trained administrator
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City manager
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The term ” hidden government” refers to
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Special districts located throughout the state
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There are _____ school districts in Texas
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1,265
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There are ____ counties in the state of Texas
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254
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What is a key problem with counties in Texas?
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Many of them are too small and underpopulated to function well
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What is an at-large election?
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An election in which voter elect officials from the entire geographical area, rather than from a smaller district within the area
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What is the difference between a home-rule city and a general law city ?
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A general law city is chartered for localities with a popular of less than 5,000
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Which county has the largest number of nonschool specials districts ?
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HARRIS
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Who is responsible for the maintenance of over one-half of the roads within the state
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County comissioners
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Who oversees the daily operation of a school district
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A superintendent
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Who sets the county budget and tax rate ?
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The commissioners court
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A home-rule charter allows for some degree of_____ for a city with a poplutation in excess of 5,000
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Self-rule
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A municipal utility district (MUD)
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Specifically address the needs of developers
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According to the textbook in large counties the ______ prepares for the county budget
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County auditor
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Community college district are classified as
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Nonschool special districts
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Each county has how many commissioners that serve on the county commissioners court?
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4
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How do county officials gain office ?
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Election by the voters
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How many municipal government are there today in Texas?
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1,221
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In the mayor-council form of government, mayors are selected
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Through an at-large election
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San Antonio operates under which form of city government
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Council-manager form
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The Regional Planning Act of 1965 created
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Regional councils of government (COGs)
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The ______ of government makes use of a professionally trainer city manager.
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Council-manager style
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Ultimately, who creates special districts ?
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The voters in the area to be served by the special district
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Under the commissioner form of government, the elected commission acts
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In both a legislative and an executive capacity
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What is the primary source of funding for special districts?
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Property taxes
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Which Unit of local government performs a single service in a limited area?
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Special district
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Who is the chief law-enforcement officer within the county government
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Sheriff
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Who keeps county records for the property transaction?
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County clerk
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Why are county governments important in Texas?
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They provide the main form of government in rural areas
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__________ is chartered for localities with a population of less than 5,000
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A general-law city
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__________ is the largest city in Texas with a mayor-council form of government
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Houston

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