Ch.10 Labor Unions

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why do employees join unions
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Economic security Working conditions Control over work Respect Poor grievance & com systems Job insecurity Inconsistent policy enforcement Unfair treatment *dissatisfaction w/ mgmt
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U.S Legislation
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Wagner Act Taft-Hartley Act Landrum Griffin Act Civil Service Reform Worker Adjustment & Retaining Notification
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Wagner Act purpose
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diminish labor disputes that burden or obstruct interstate & foreign commerce & to create a NLRB
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NLRB
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National Labor Relations Board
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Wagner Act Provisions
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Establish NLRB Outlined unfair labor practices Bargain collectively thru chosen reps
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Taft Hartley Act purpose
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amend the NLRA, provide additional facilities for labor disputes affecting commerce, and to equalize legal responsibilities
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Taft Hartley Major Provisions
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-banned closed shops -outlined unfair labor practices for unions -provided states w/ power to enact right to work laws -established national emergency impasse procedures -outlawed featheredbedding
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Landrum Griffin Act Purpose
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protect employees rights to organize, choose reps, and protect the free flow of commerce by requiring employers and their officials to follow ethical standards
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Landrum Griffin Act Major Provisions
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established bill of rights for union members established union election guidelines outlawed hot cargo agreements established reporting & disclosure procedures established guidelines for trusteeships
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civil service reform purpose
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protect all non-uniformed, nomanagerial federal service employees and agencie
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civil service reform major provisions
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allowed employees the right to choose their own bargaining agent established the right to bargain on non-economic and non-staffing issues required that unresolved grievances be arbitrated
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worker adjustment and retaining notification act
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requires certain employers to notify their unions or large scale layoff 60 days in advance
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Wagner act AKA
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national labor relations act
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Wagner Act
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granted employees the right to organize and bargain collectively established NLRB
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Wagner Act Unfair Labor Practices
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interfering with or coercing employees to discourage them from forming or joining unions dominating or influencing union operations discriminating because of union activity or membership retaliating for unfair labor practice charges failure to bargain in good faith
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Taft hartley act
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amended NLRA by placing requirement on unions sought to balance employer and union power security agreements right to work laws prohibition of feather bedding established federal mediation and conciliation service prohibited closed shops gave mgmt right to discuss adv/dis of unions allowed unfair labor practice charges against unions by members and employers required unions to bargain in good faith prohibited preventing employees from crossing picket lines empowered nlrb to enforce cease and desist orders
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civil service reform act
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established federal labor relations authority, office of general counsel, and binding arbitration established unfair labor practice guidelines for govt employees and unions representing govt employees prohibited strikes by govt employees
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craft unions
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workers who have same skills or perform same tasks (plumbers, electricians, etc.)
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industrial unions
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workers in given industries (auto workers, hotel and restaurant employees, etc.)
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union certification
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Employer voluntarily acknowledges that a majority of employees want the union NLRB cites election results that indicate majority interest NLRB certifies a union without a ballot
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Union Organizing Drive
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Employees meet with union Union organizers join the drive Employees help union organization With at least 30% of employees signed up, union files petition for election NLRB hearing on petition determines bargaining unit and voter eligibility
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Union organizing drive cont
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Active union campaign begins Election by secret ballot If union is defeated, 12-month waiting period on refile petition If union is elected, negotiations begin between employer and union on collective bargaining agreement
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union decertification
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Majority of employees do not want union representation 30% not interested in union representation can force a vote 12-month waiting period after original certification Petition filed with NLRB.
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1. Which of the following is NOT a reason why employees join unions?
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a. Respect b. Control over their own work c. To work under good management*** d. Economic security
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2. The Taft-Hartley Act:
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c.Sought to balance employer and union power***
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craft unions are
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workers who have the same skills or perform same tasks.
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The Civil Service Reform Act prohibited
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strikes by government employees.
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Which of the following Acts banned closed shops, outlined unfair labor practices for union, and empowered states to choose to enact right-to-work laws?
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A: Taft-Hartley Act of 1947*** B: Wagner Act of 1935 C: Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 D: Landrum-Griffin Act of 1959
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All of the following are examples of unfair labor practices recognized by the NLRB except:
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A: Attempting to dominate or influence the operation of unions B: Failing to bargain in good faith C: Discrimination regarding the hire or tenure of an employee based on their union membership D: Providing secret ballot elections to elect union representatives***
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True or False: Employees are more likely to want to join a union because they are dissatisfied with the pay.
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False-employees are more likely to want to join a union because they are dissatisfied with management
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The Wagner Act of 1935 gave employees the legally protected rights to:
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a. Organized b. Strike c. Engage in collective bargaining through an elected representative d. All of the above***
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True or False. The Taft-Harley Act was the first legislation passed affecting labor relations and it granted employees the right to organize and bargain collectively.
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False: The Wagner Act granted employees the right to organize and bargain collectively.
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All of the following are monetary reasons employees join unions EXCEPT:
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A. Inconsistent policy enforcement*** B. Comfortable working conditions C. Economic Security D. Respect
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T/F One portion of the Landrum Griffin Act of 1959 included a “bill of rights” giving union members specific rights.
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True-One portion of the Landrum Griffin Act of 1959 included a “bill of rights” giving union members specific rights.
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T/F The HERE union is a craft union who represents hotel and restaurant employees.
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False- The HERE union is an industrial union who represents hotel and restaurant employees.

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