Career Explorations – Flashcards

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Career Management
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The Purpose of Work
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1. employee 2. employer 3. job 4. volunteer work 5. work
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5 any task that is useful 4 unpaid work done for a person or organization 3 work done for pay 2 the supervisor or owner of a company or organization 1 the worker for a company or organization
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Work performed for pay that is unrelated to any other work you have performed or are trained to do is _____. a job a career volunteer work part time
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part time
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A work permit is required for workers younger than eighteen years old. True False
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True
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The government department responsible for laws concerning work is the _____. department of education department of commerce department of labor department of human resources
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department of labor
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My neighbor's lawn is overgrown. While I was mowing my own lawn, I cut hers, too. She offered to pay me but I would not take her money. It was my pleasure to help her. Mowing my neighbor's lawn was _____. a job a career volunteer work part time
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volunteer work
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Personal Benefits Of Work
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1. contribution 2. need 3. wages 4. want
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4 an item or service that is desirable but not necessary 1 giving time, money, goods or services to others 3 money earned while working 2 an item or service that is necessary or required
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Discovering a treatment for lung cancer would most satisfy which of these personal benefits of work? contribution being with others a need earning money
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contribution
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Working as a team to design a skyscraper would most satisfy which of these personal benefits of work? earning money being with others a want feeling respected
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being with others
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Which of these emotions is not a personal benefit of work? accomplishment stress appreciation satisfaction
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stress
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Making thirty-five thousand dollars as a brick layer would most satisfy which of these personal benefits of work? contribution being with others a want earning money
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earning money
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Housing and entertainment are both needs. True False
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False
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You are paid $10 an hour as a wage. You worked 36 hours this week. What is your weekly wage? $36 $360 $180 $400
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$360
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Your weekly wage is $400. What is your annual wage? $4,000 $12,000 $40,000 $20,800
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$20,800
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Each state can set its own minimum wage. If the federal and state minimum wages are different, the highest minimum wage is used. True False
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True
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Wages And Employment Benefits
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1. deductions 2. gross wage 3. net wage
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2 total wage amount before deductions are withheld 1 any amount withheld from an employee's gross wage 3 total wage amount after deductions are withheld
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Employees who record and are paid for the exact of amount of time spent working are paid on a(n) _____ basis. salary commission hourly contract
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hourly
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Employees who are paid a portion of the profit from the sale of a product or service are paid on a(n) _____ basis. salary commission hourly contract
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commission
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Employees who are paid a set annual wage regardless of the number of hours worked or the amount of work completed are paid on a(n) _____ basis. salary commission hourly contract
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salary
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Employees who are paid to complete a task, such as build a house, are paid on a(n) _____ basis. salary commission hourly contract
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contract
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Which of the following is not a payroll tax deduction? federal payroll tax sales tax state payroll tax FICA
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sales tax
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Which of the following is used by the federal government to support Social Security and Medicare programs? federal payroll tax property tax sales tax FICA
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FICA
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Gross wage refers to the wage an employee earns before deductions are subtracted. True False
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True
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Payroll deductions are the same for all employees. True False
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False
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Lifestyle Goals
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1. commute 2. lifestyle 3. lifestyle budget
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3 lists the costs of items you choose to spend your money on 2 the way a person chooses to live 1 the distance you travel to and from work
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Once you have made a lifestyle choice, you cannot change your mind. True False
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False
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The only way to decrease your lifestyle budget is by completely eliminating an item. True False
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False
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If you travel two hours to get to work each day and work five days a week, what is your weekly commute time? two hours five hours ten hours twenty hours
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twenty hours
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If your daily commute time is an hour and today you worked an hour of overtime, how much time is added to your commute time for the day? none thirty minutes one hour five hours
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none
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The time it takes to travel to work is referred to as _____. commute time overtime extra time part time
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commute time
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If your lifestyle budget is fifty thousand dollars a year, selecting a career earning seventy-five thousand dollars a year will most likely allow you to meet your lifestyle goals. True False
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True
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According to The Wedding Report, in 2010, the average wedding cost a little more than _____. twenty-four thousand dollars five thousand dollars eleven thousand dollars thirty thousand dollars
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twenty-four thousand dollars
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According to the US Department of Agriculture, in 2011, the cost of raising a child from birth to eighteen years of age was approximately _____. $24,630 $163,440 $54,300 $126,450
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$163,440
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Societal Benefits of Work
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1. global economy 2. society 3. workforce
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1 products and services traded among countries around the world 2 a group of people who, based on their geographic location, band together for the good of the group 3 the people who are both able and willing to work
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A _____ is a group of people who, based on their geographic location, band together for the good of the group. society political party global economy workforce
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society
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Which of the following is not a responsibility of a member of society? work leisure travel serve participate
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leisure travel
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Every society depends on a productive _____ to provide goods and services. society political party global economy workforce
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workforce
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_____ describes the practice of products and services traded among countries around the world. Society Political party Global economy Workforce
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Global economy
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Choose all that are sources of funding for social services in a society. income tax collection service fees collection traffic tickets port fees
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income tax collection service fees collection
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Voting provides members of society with an opportunity to shape legislation concerning current and future social programs. True False
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True
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Members of a society must be at least eighteen years old to serve their community. True False
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False
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Quiz: What is Work?
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1. Unpaid work done for a person or an organization 2. Any task that is useful 3. A state-required legal document giving employees younger than eighteen years old permission to work 4. A good or service that is desirable but not necessary 5. Wage amount after deductions are withheld 6. Lists the costs of items you choose to spend your money on 7. The people who are both able and willing to work
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7 workforce 2 work 5 net wage 3 work permit 6 lifestyle budget 1 volunteer work 4 want
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My neighbor's lawn is overgrown. While I was mowing my own lawn, I cut hers too. She offered to pay me but I would not take her money. It was my pleasure to help her. Mowing my neighbor's lawn was _____. a job a career volunteer work part time
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volunteer work
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The government department responsible for laws concerning work is the_____. US Department of Education US Department of Commerce US Department of Labor US Department of Human Resources
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US Department of Labor
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Making thirty-five thousand dollars as a bricklayer would most satisfy which of these personal benefits of work? contribution being with others a want earning money
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earning money
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Housing and entertainment are both needs. True False
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False
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If the federal and state minimum wages are different, the highest minimum wage is used. True False
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True
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Employees who record and are paid for the exact amount of time spent working are paid on a(n) _____ basis. salary commission hourly contract
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hourly
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Which of the following is not a payroll tax deduction? federal payroll tax sales tax state payroll tax FICA
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sales tax
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Gross wage refers to the wage an employee earns before deductions are subtracted. True False
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True
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If you travel thirty minutes to work each day and work five days a week, what is your weekly commute time? 30 minutes 5 hours 2.5 hours none of the above
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5 hours
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If you travel thirty minutes to work each day and work five days a week, what is your weekly commute time? 30 minutes 5 hours 2.5 hours None
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None
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It is possible to have a society within a society. True False
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True
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The time it takes to travel to work is referred to as _____. commute time overtime extra time part time
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commute time
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_____ describes the practice of products and services traded between countries around the world. Society Political party Global economy Workforce
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Global economy
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Members of a society must be at least eighteen years old to serve their community in any way. True False
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False
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Basic Work Qualifications
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The act of negotiating with employers regarding employment issues by employees who are members of a union is called ________.
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collective bargaining
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To qualify to work in the United States, immigrant workers must obtain a ____ . Social Security card driver's license health card visa
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visa
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Which of the following is a characteristic protected by anti-discrimination laws_____ . education skills experience age
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age
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The _____ protects the rights of individuals forty and older. Civil Rights Act of 1964 Age Discrimination Act of 1967 Rehabilitation Act of 1973 Equal Pay Act of 1963
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Age Discrimination Act of 1967
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The _____ requires employers to provide equal pay for equal work. Civil Rights Act of 1964 Age Discrimination Act of 1967 Rehabilitation Act of 1973 Equal Pay Act of 1963
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Equal Pay Act of 1963
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Civil rights laws protect against discrimination in all but what area? race gender religion language
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language
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Workplace harassment laws protect only against harassment that is physical in nature. True False
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False
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If an employer goes out of business, employees who have worked long enough might qualify for _____ . health insurance unemployment insurance affirmative action holiday pay
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unemployment insurance
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Work Environment
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You must consider the physical aspects of different work environments when choosing a career. True False
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True
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____ is not a physical work environment characteristic. Temperature Equipment Weather Shift work
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Shift Work
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_____ is the federal branch responsible for creating guidelines and monitoring workplace safety. FCC OSHA WPS USPS
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OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration)
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Which of these jobs is not typically performed in an indoor workplace environment? florist chef park ranger mechanic
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park ranger
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____ describes the period of time in a twenty-four-hour period that is spent at work. Task Time sheet Salary Work shift
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Work Shift
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Work environment includes physical and social surroundings of work. True False
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True
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Advancements in technology alter the way jobs are performed but do not alter the physical and social environments of the workplace. True False
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False
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Basic Employablity Skills
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Slang is the use of formal words used in speech. True False
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False
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_____ is not a basic employability skill. Calculus Division Subtraction Multiplication
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Calculus
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When practicing reading skills, you should focus on _______. content recall comprehension speed all of the above
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all of the above
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When responding to your boss that you agree on a topic, it would be acceptable to say _____. "I'm down with that." "I totally get it!" "That sounds great." "Cool beans."
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"That sounds great."
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Select all that apply. Careful listening skills include: refraining from interrupting the speaker taking quality notes making an effort to understand maintaining eye contact with the speaker
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refraining from interrupting the speaker making an effort to understand maintaining eye contact with the speaker
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Keeping your _____ and _____ in mind will dictate what you say and how you say it. mood, interest mom, dad age, experience audience, purpose
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audience, purpose
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It's best if you share the details of a personal appointment when you need to request time off work. True False
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False
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A professional attitude is a combination of _____, gratitude, pride, and investment. skill knowledge enthusiasm employability
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enthusiasm
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Problem Solving
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The word diplomatic means: to give up something to become upset to respect others,valuing their perspective, and being sensitive to their concerns none of the above
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to respect others,valuing their perspective, and being sensitive to their concerns
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Clarifying the issues of a problem is the _____ step in the problem-solving process. first second sixth seventh
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second
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After you have considered alternatives in the problem-solving process, the next step is to _____. clarify the issues select the best solution implement the plan evaluate the alternatives
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evaluate the alternatives
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For every problem-solving activity, it's crucial that no less than five alternatives be considered. True False
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False
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Selecting the best solution to a problem means there are no alternatives. True False
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False
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Respecting others, valuing their perspective, and being sensitive to their concerns is _____. an arbitrator a leader diplomatic unbiased
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diplomatic
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A(n) _____ is an unbiased third party used to make suggestions to a group that is having difficulty resolving a problem. arbitrator diplomat mediator judge
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mediator
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Recognizing a problem exists and taking actions to resolve it is an example of _____. initiative compromise diplomacy communication
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initiative
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Lifelong Learning and Technology
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1. lifelong learning 2. postsecondary education 3. technology
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2 a formal learning experience that occurs after high school 1 seeking education and experience throughout one's life 3 knowledge and tools used to perform tasks
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Lifelong learning describes the time it takes an individual to complete a college degree. True False
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False
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Lifelong learning includes the following _____. hobbies community activities college education all of the above
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all of the above
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A(n) _____ is the highest education degree available at a community college. master's bachelor's associate's specialist's
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associate's
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Productivity software has been used for a number of years. Recent advancements in productivity software technology have made _____ among multiple users all over the world a possibility. collaboration e-mailing texting calling
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collaboration
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Advancements in technology that might be helpful for individuals who need accommodations to perform computer tasks include _____. voice-recognition software laptops touch screens both voice recognition software and touch screens
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both voice recognition software and touch screens
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Career Clusters
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A Career Cluster is a group of related careers. True False
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True
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The _____ developed the sixteen career clusters that group careers by similarities. US Department of Labor US Department of Food and Drug Administration US Department of Education None of the above
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US Department of Education
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Select all that apply. Careers in the Law, Public Safety, Corrections & Security Career Cluster include: gardener teacher judge jailer
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judge jailer
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Select all that apply. Careers in the Hospitality & Tourism Career Cluster include: tour guide cruise ship captain Ferris wheel operator safari guide
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tour guide cruise ship captain Ferris wheel operator safari guide
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Select all that apply. Careers in the Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources Career Cluster include: chef graphic designer photographer wildlife conservationist
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chef wildlife conservationist
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Specific career details such as _____ and _____ vary within Career Clusters. salary education level similarities both salary and education level
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both salary and education level
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Select all that apply. Careers in the Architecture & Construction Career Cluster include: carpenter 3-D animator fashion designer drywall finisher
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carpenter drywall finisher
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Quiz: Elements of Work
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1. unequal treatment of others based on a bias concerning a person's characteristics such as race, religion, gender, or age 2. the act of sharing information 3. respecting others, valuing their perspective, and being sensitive to their concerns 4. the use of a third party to make suggestions 5. a group of related careers
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5 career cluster 4 mediation 1 discrimination 3 diplomatic 2 communication
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_____ is the act of negotiating with employers regarding employment issues by employees who are members of a union. Affirmative action Collective bargaining Discrimination Labor union
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Collective bargaining
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Which of the following is a characteristic protected by anti-discrimination laws? education skills experience age
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age
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Workplace harassment protects only against harassment that is physical in nature. True False
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False
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_____ is the federal branch responsible for creating guidelines and monitoring workplace safety. FCC OSHA WPS USPS
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OSHA
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Work environment includes physical and social aspects of work. True False
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True
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When practicing reading skills, you should focus on _____. content recall comprehension speed all of the above
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all of the above
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Keeping your _____ and _____ in mind will dictate what you say and how you say it. mood, interest mom, dad age, experience audience, purpose
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audience, purpose
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Cameron and Drake are making plans for Saturday. Cameron wants to go bowling. Drake does not bowl well and prefers to shoot hoops at the YMCA. Cameron wants Drake to have a good time so he agrees shooting hoops will be fun for both of them. Cameron's decision to shoot hoops is an example of _____. mediation arbitration compromise evaluation
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compromise
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At times during problem solving it might be necessary to use a third party to help come to a decision. Which of the following involves using a third party? arbitration compromise mediation both a and c
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both a and c
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Clarifying the issues of a problem is the _____ step in the problem solving process. first second sixth seventh
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second
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For every problem-solving activity it is crucial that no less than five alternatives be considered. True False
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False
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A(n) _____ is the highest educational degree available at a community college. master's bachelor's associate's specialist's
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associate's
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_____ are placed on dangerous machinery to detect motion, light, heat, pressure, or another stimulus. Their presence helps protect operators from injury while working on machines. Mirrors Labels Sensors Alarms
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Sensors
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Hotel clerks, amusement park workers, and travel agents all work in careers found in the _____ career cluster. Law, Public Safety, Corrections & Security Information Technology Architecture and Construction Hospitality and Tourism
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Hospitality and Tourism
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Career Explorations: Test 1
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Select all that apply. Which of the following would be considered full-time work? forty-five hours thirty-three hours fifty-one hours forty hours
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forty-five hours fifty-one hours forty hours
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Many states require a work permit until a worker reaches the age of _____. eighteen sixteen twenty thirteen
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eighteen
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Food and housing are both needs. True False
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True
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Select all that apply. Which of these emotions are personal benefits of work? accomplishment stress appreciation overwhelmed
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accomplishment appreciation
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Each state can set its own minimum wage. If the federal and state minimum wages are different, the highest minimum wage is used. True False
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True
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Employees who are paid a portion of the profit from the sale of a product or service are paid on a commission basis. True False
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True
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Which of the following is used by the federal government to provide Social Security and Medicare benefits? federal payroll tax property tax sales tax FICA
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FICA
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Select all that apply. Your lifestyle budget includes money spent in the following areas: housing food transportation entertainment
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housing food transportation entertainment
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Select all that apply. Which of the following is found to be a benefit of marriage according to the US Department of Health and Human Services? better decision-making improved mental health increased wealth decreased risk of alcohol and drug use
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improved mental health increased wealth decreased risk of alcohol and drug use
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According to The Wedding Report, in 2010 the average wedding cost a little more than $5,000. True False
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False
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Lifestyle choices should be changed at least once a year. True False
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False
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Select all that apply. Which of the items listed below are public services commonly found in societies? law enforcement public schools grocery store public water supply
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law enforcement public schools
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Every society depends on a productive _____ to provide goods and services. workforce society political party global economy
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workforce
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_____ provides members of society with an opportunity to shape legislation concerning current and future public service programs. Complaining Voting Writing Judges
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Voting
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Which of the following is a law intended to eliminate discrimination in the workplace? Equal Pay Act of 1963 Age Discrimination Act of 1967 Rehabilitation Act of 1973 all of the above
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all of the above
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The _____ requires employers to provide equal pay for equal work. Civil Rights Act of 1964 Age Discrimination Act of 1967 Rehabilitation Act of 1973 Equal Pay Act of 1963
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Equal Pay Act of 1963
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When a worker loses his job through no fault of his own, he may qualify for ____. health insurance unemployment insurance affirmative action holiday pay
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unemployment insurance
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Select all that apply. ____ is a characteristic of physical work environment. Temperature Equipment Weather Shift work
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Temperature Equipment Weather
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Employees keep track of their worked schedule on a _____. task time sheet salary work shift
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time sheet
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Work environment includes physical and social aspects of work. True False
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True
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It is time for you to schedule a dental checkup. The responsible thing to do is to _____. Make the appointment for first thing in the morning so you can enjoy the entire day off work. Make the appointment for Friday afternoon so you only miss half a day's work Make the appointment for after hours so your work schedule is not affected Make the appointment as early as possible in the day so you can return to work when finished
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Make the appointment as early as possible in the day so you can return to work when finished
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Keeping your _____and _____in mind will dictate what you say and how you say it. mood, interest mom, dad age, experience audience, purpose
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audience, purpose
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Clarifying the issues of a problem is the _____ step in the problem-solving process. first second sixth seventh
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second
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Recognizing a problem exists and taking action to resolve it is an example of _____. initiative compromise diplomacy communication
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initiative
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Select all that apply. _____ is an example of a postsecondary degree. Master's Bachelor's Associate's Specialist's
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Master's Bachelor's Associate's Specialist's
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_____ are placed on dangerous machinery to detect motion, light, heat, pressure, or another stimuli. Their presence helps protect operators from injury while working on machines. Mirrors Labels Sensors Alarms
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Sensors
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Select all that apply. Careers in the Agriculture, Food, & Natural Resources career cluster include: waiter wildlife conservationist restaurant manager photographer
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waiter wildlife conservationist
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Specific career details such as _____ and _____ vary within career clusters. salary education level similarities both salary and education level
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both salary and education level
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Section 2: INTRODUCTION TO CAREERS IN HEALTH SCIENCES
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MEDICINE FROM ANCIENT TIMES THROUGH THE MIDDLE AGES
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A scribe is an individual from ancient Greece who has been taught to read and write. True False
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True
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If you were a poor Egyptian living in a rural area, from whom would you most likely receive your care? a scribe who lived in your area a physician who traveled to see you a healer who lived locally a woman trained at the House of Life
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a healer who lived locally
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All Egyptian health-care workers received training at the House of Life. True False
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False
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An Egyptian would need to _____ before becoming a physician. obtain permission from a leader learn to be a scribe become a priest agree not to marry
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learn to be a scribe
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Some common resources used in medicine in ancient Egypt included _____. amulets, saws, scales, and alcohol knives, plants, minerals, and clay all are correct alcohol, fat, meat, and mallets
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all are correct
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We know that religion was important to health-care practices in ancient Egypt. The best evidence to support this is _____. the fact that some physicians were also priests their understanding of what can cause an illness the practice of calling upon gods and goddesses to help the sick the use of amulets of animals
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the practice of calling upon gods and goddesses to help the sick
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Egyptian women could become physicians because _____. their place in society was one of respect and opportunity they were needed to treat female patients there were not enough Egyptian men to train as physicians all Egyptian women could read and write
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their place in society was one of respect and opportunity
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In Mesopotamia, the society treated a medical practice similarly to how we do today. Which statement provides the best evidence to support this idea? It is difficult for a female to become a doctor. Physicians today are just as hesitant to do surgical procedures as they were in ancient times. The physicians were required to abide by laws/rules that governed the practice of medicine. Physicans were granted certain rankings for successful surgeries.
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The physicians were required to abide by laws/rules that governed the practice of medicine.
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The humoral theory of Ancient Greece believed that the imbalance of the four body fluids brought about illness. Which of the following is NOT one of the four body fluids? yellow bile blue bile phlegm blood
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blue bile
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What elements of Chinese medicine are used in current medical practices? acupuncture, herbal medicine, and meditation the Hippocratic Oath, the humoral theory, and meditation bloodletting, plasters, and herbal medicine yin yang, acupuncture, and the humoral theory
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acupuncture, herbal medicine, and meditation
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This civilization believed that a healthy lifestyle was important to optimal health. This lifestyle included limiting drink, sleeping well, eating right, and getting plenty of exercise. ancient Egypt ancient Greece Mesopotamia ancient China
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ancient Greece
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MEDICINE IN THE SEVENTEENTH AND EIGHTEENTH CENTURIES
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In the seventeenth century, physicians and other scientists did not routinely perform autopsies. Which statement best illustrates the cause and effect? Physicians did not have the tools to do autopsies; therefore, they were not able to practice their surgical skills on the dead. At this time, it was considered culturally unacceptable to deface the dead; therefore, physicians did not know much about internal anatomy. Physicians were not curious about the inside of the human body; therefore, they did not investigate after death. At this time, disease was rampant; therefore, physicians were hesitant to cut into the dead for fear of catching the disease that killed the person.
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At this time, it was considered culturally unacceptable to deface the dead; therefore, physicians did not know much about internal anatomy.
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Which statement correctly illustrates the results of James Lind's skills in observation and problem solving? James Lind was the first person to use the scientific method. James Lind was able to tie unclean conditions to contracting typhus. James Lind improved the lives of sailors by recommending vaccinations. James Lind created an elixir for scurvy.
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James Lind was able to tie unclean conditions to contracting typhus.
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Lind's experiments at sea tested some potential cures for scurvy. His experiments were important because _____. they proved that scurvy was caused by dehydration and could be treated with fruit juice they were the first-ever clinical trial they showed the world that sailing was not safe they illustrated what can happen when you do not have enough supplies to do an experiment
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they were the first-ever clinical trial
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This invention made amputation much safer, which cut down on the number of people who died during the procedure. the tourniquet the stethoscope a blood transfusion a tracheotomy
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the tourniquet
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John Hunter developed this technique to help injured people who could not breathe. tourniquet blood transfusion variolation tracheotomy
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tracheotomy
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Which statement provides an example of preventative medicine in the eighteenth century? Edward Jenner developed the vaccination for smallpox. Jean-Louis Petit invented the double screw tourniquet. James Lind discovered that fruit juice could cure scurvy. Santorio Santorio invented the thermometer.
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Edward Jenner developed the vaccination for smallpox.
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Which statement best describes how problem solving can lead to important inventions? The stethoscope was invented by a French doctor who was embarrassed to put his head on women's chests to listen to their lungs. In different areas, during the same time period, two versions of the thermometer were invented. Typhus was less common in hospitals when patients were bathed and provided clean clothes and linens. The tourniquet is used during amputations to cut the blood supply to the injured limb.
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The stethoscope was invented by a French doctor who was embarrassed to put his head on women's chests to listen to their lungs.
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The first vaccination was developed by _____. using a culture of typhus to cure scurvy using a culture of cowpox to prevent smallpox using an elixir of fruit juice to prevent typhus using sheep's blood to prevent illness
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using a culture of cowpox to prevent smallpox
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THE RISE OF MODERN MEDICINE
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1. a medication or gas used to induce a state where the patient will feel no pain 2. people working together for a common goal 3. the study of infectious disease 4. high-energy waves that can cause damage to cells 5. treatment that uses high-energy concentrated radiation to kill cells that make up tumors or other lesions 6. technology: the use of diagnostic x-ray equipment
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2 collaboration 6 radiologic 5 radiation therapy 4 radiation 1 anesthesia 3 epidemiology
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The ease of travel in the twentieth century played a role in the advancement of medicine. Based on this lesson, which statement best describes why access to transportation was important? Transportation allowed doctors to communicate. Transportation helped doctors come together to collaborate on projects. Transportation gave patients access to health care. Transportation helped doctors gain access to supplies.
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Transportation helped doctors come together to collaborate on projects.
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Which statement best describes the rise of modern medicine? Technology, collaboration, and innovation were responsible for the advances in modern medicine. Medical practices are rooted in ancient religion and tradition. Modern doctors depend on the help of others in order to get their job done. All modern medical careers are founded on ancient practices.
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Technology, collaboration, and innovation were responsible for the advances in modern medicine.
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Based on what you have learned in this lesson, what had the biggest impact on the advancement of surgical procedures? anesthesia the heart-lung machine x-rays epidemiology
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anesthesia
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The discovery of x-rays and radiation was very important to the diagnosis and treatment of disease. What technologies came from this discovery? surgical technology radiation therapy diagnostic x-rays both radiation therapy and diagnostic x-rays
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both radiation therapy and diagnostic x-rays
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Advancements in medical technology often lead to new careers. True False
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True
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Research and technology developed for one area can often lead to advances in medicine. Which example had the biggest impact on medicine? the development of protective clothing the development of computers the development of the heart-lung machine none of the above
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the development of computers
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Based on this lesson, what tool has increased the ability of doctors to consult and collaborate on a global scale? medical schools the Internet phone service space exploration
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the Internet
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QUIZ: HISTORY OF MEDICINE AND MEDICAL DISCOVERY
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What we know about medicine in ancient Egypt comes from _____. The Code of Hammurabi medical writings called papyri stories written by physicians folk stories
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medical writings called papyri
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In Mesopotamia, what role could a women play in medicine? Woman had many rights but were unable to practice law or medicine. Women physicians could only be trained by women and could only treat women. Women were not respected and could not be trained as physicians. Any women who could read or write would be able to be trained as a physician.
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Any women who could read or write would be able to be trained as a physician.
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In which ancient civilization was healthy living and exercise very important? ancient Rome ancient Greece Mesopotamia ancient Egypt
answer
ancient Greece
question
In ancient Egypt, an individual who could read and write was called a(n) _____. hygeia scribe asclepia chiron
answer
scribe
question
What was the significance of the Code of Hammurabi? The Code of Hammurabi outlined the rules that physicians had to follow. The Code of Hammurabi outlined the fees that physicians would be paid. The Code of Hammurabi outlined patient rights. all of the above
answer
all of the above
question
Today, upon graduation from medical school, physicians often recite the Hippocratic oath. Where did this originate, and what was its meaning? The Hippocratic oath originated in Mesopotamia and outlined the rules that physicians would need to follow. The Hippocratic oath originated in ancient Egypt and described the responsibilities of a physician. The Hippocratic oath originated in ancient Greece. The overall meaning of the Hippocratic oath was that the physician had an obligation to both the patient and his fellow physicians. The Hippocratic oath originated in ancient Egypt and outlined that physicians must give equal treatment to the rich and the poor.
answer
The Hippocratic oath originated in ancient Greece. The overall meaning of the Hippocratic oath was that the physician had an obligation to both the patient and his fellow physicians.
question
Why was medicine in ancient Greece considered to be more advanced that other cultures in this time? The Greek physicians looked for the physical cause of the disease and understood a good bit about anatomy and physiology. Many of the Greek physicians were women who received more training than men. The Greek physicians were also priests so they could call on the gods to help them. The Greek physicians were trained for longer periods of time than the physicians in other civilizations.
answer
The Greek physicians looked for the physical cause of the disease and understood a good bit about anatomy and physiology.
question
The way our health-care system is organized is most like that of which civilization? ancient Greece ancient Egypt ancient China Mesopotamia
answer
ancient Egypt
question
This type of medicine is still practiced today. ancient Greek medicine ancient Chinese medicine ancient Egyptian medicine ancient Mesopotamian medicine
answer
ancient Chinese medicine
question
In the seventeenth century, physicians did not do many autopsies. Why? The law required physicians pay a high fee for the bodies. Physicians were afraid that they would catch whatever killed the person. Defacing a dead body was against their religious beliefs and cultural norms. Physicians were afraid that they would anger the gods.
answer
Defacing a dead body was against their religious beliefs and cultural norms.
question
These two scientists were credited for discovering microorganisms. Robert Sheele and Pierre Bayen Anton Van Leeuwenhoek and Robert Hooke Hippocrates and Syrus John Jansen and Theodore Laennec
answer
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek and Robert Hooke
question
Edward Jenner made a huge contribution to the field of medicine. Which statement best describes his contribution? Edward Jenner was the first to describe how the circulatory system works. Edward Jenner took his love for engineering and used it to build the microscope. Edward Jenner was responsible for the discovery of the tracheostomy procedure. Edward Jenner invented a vaccination from cow pox that could make a person immune to smallpox.
answer
Edward Jenner invented a vaccination from cow pox that could make a person immune to smallpox.
question
In Detroit, many people come down with the bird flu. This is an example of _____. a pandemic, because it was not worldwide an epidemic, because it was contained to a certain area a pandemic, because it was an infectious disease an epidemic, because it was on a global scale
answer
an epidemic, because it was contained to a certain area
question
This technology makes it easy for doctors to collaborate, which gives patients access to specialists who do not live in their area. computers transportation medical imaging the Internet
answer
the Internet
question
This technology had the biggest impact on the capabilities of diagnostic testing. the microscope computers the Internet transportation
answer
computers
question
MOLECULAR TECHNOLOGY: GENE CHIPS
answer
question
1. molecules that are made by living organisms; molecules that make up living organisms 2. structure found in the cell that contains tightly wound strands of DNA 3. deoxyribonucleic acid is the carrier of all genetic information; the main component of chromosomes and contains all the instructions necessary for structure and function in an organism 4. a biologic catalyst, usually made up of protein, which aids with chemical reactions in the body 5. important biological molecules with a complex folded structure
answer
3 DNA 2 chromosome 1 biological molecules 5 proteins 4 enzyme
question
1. a sequence of nucleotides in a strand of DNA that code for a specific product, which is usually protein 2. the complete set of hereditary instructions contained in the DNA 3. a global partnership to map out the human genome; the project was completed in 2003 4. two or more atoms held together by a bond 5. a molecule of RNA that is transcribed from a DNA sequence; contains the information to be translated into protein 6. characteristics of living things
answer
3 Human Genome Project 1 gene 5 mRNA 4 molecule 2 genome 6 traits
question
When you compare the genome of one individual to another, you will find that _____. their DNA is vastly different their DNA is about 99 percent identical the genes are all coded the same the genes are all coded differently
answer
their DNA is about 99 percent identical
question
Segments of DNA that contain the code for specific proteins are called _____. nucleotides chromosomes genes RNA
answer
genes
question
Which statement is true? There are a number of chromosomes on a given gene; all of these actively code for proteins. Chromosomes contain many genes; not all genes are actively coding. DNA contains a number of segments that code for specific proteins; these segments are chromosomes. The segments of genes found on chromosomes are made of RNA, which codes for protein synthesis.
answer
Chromosomes contain many genes; not all genes are actively coding.
question
What scientific discovery spurred the rapid advancements in the fields of genetics? the understanding that heredity was by chance the knowledge of how chromosomes duplicate the understanding that genes code for specific proteins the understanding of how RNA translates DNA
answer
the understanding that genes code for specific proteins
question
Which statement correctly describes genetic diseases or disorders? If one inherits a gene for a specific disease, and the gene is recessive, the disease is not always present. A mutation always causes a genetic disease. Dominant genes do not carry the codes for genetic disease. If individuals inherit a gene that carries a genetic disease, it is not possible for them to pass it on to their offspring.
answer
If one inherits a gene for a specific disease, and the gene is recessive, the disease is not always present. A mutation always causes a genetic disease.
question
DNA would be found within which classification of biological molecules? lipids carbohydrates nucleic acids proteins
answer
nucleic acids
question
A mutation is _____. a mistake in the production of DNA an error in the genetic code a mistake that may cause a genetic disease all of the above
answer
all of the above
question
Which statement best described why gene chips are so valuable? Gene chips allowed scientists to evaluate multiple genes at one time; they could even look at an entire genome. Scientists were able to use gene chips to store the information from their research studies. Scientists discovered that genes are made of smaller subunits called gene chips. The discovery of gene chips lead to the micro processing power that enabled scientists to evaluate large amounts of data.
answer
Gene chips allowed scientists to evaluate multiple genes at one time; they could even look at an entire genome.
question
If parents wanted to learn more about their genetic history and the possibility of passing a genetic disease on to a child, they should _____. have a carrier identification test be tested for PKU see a genetic counselor have a carrier identification test, and see a genetic counselor
answer
have a carrier identification test, and see a genetic counselor
question
Recombinant DNA technology was very important because it _______. allowed scientists to analyze how genes are able to code for proteins gave scientists a tool used for genetic engineering furthered the understanding of the human genome is a process used with gene chips
answer
gave scientists a tool used for genetic engineering
question
ADVANCES IN MEDICAL IMAGING
answer
question
1. a segment of a body plane; in imaging, a cross-sectional image is one that is taken and represents a slice of the anatomy it intersects; also called a transverse section, it separates the body into superior and inferior regions 2. computed tomography, often represents computer assisted tomography (CAT) 3. a visual representation 4. Magnetic Resonance Imaging
answer
1 cross-section 2 CT 3 imaging 4 MRI
question
1. the use of radioactive elements to diagnose or treat disease 2. electromagnetic waves that travel through a substance; imaging uses high intensity radiation, which has the potential to harm cells 3. low frequency electromagnetic waves that do not cause harm to cells 4. an individual who works with technology and has knowledge and skill specific to the technology they use 5. a specialist in a specific field of technology 6. an abnormal growth 7. high frequency sound waves that cannot be heard
answer
6 tumor 2 radiation 1 nuclear medicine 4 technician 3 radio waves 5 technologist 7 ultrasound
question
Which imaging technologies do not use radiation? x-ray and ultrasound CT and MRI nuclear medicine and x-ray MRI and ultrasound
answer
MRI and ultrasound
question
The prefix poly- means _____. too much under before not enough
answer
too much
question
The suffix -iasis means _____. the study of repair a condition incision
answer
a condition
question
The root word cyto means _____. heart cell bladder disease
answer
cell
question
The root word dorso means _____. disease front back chest
answer
back
question
Which statement is correct? Sonography is often used during pregnancy, because it provides a way to evaluate the baby without risk. MRI is an imaging tool that allows doctors to see internal structures in real time. ACT scan uses radio waves to determine the gray scale on an image. Nuclear medicine involves the use of a high-frequency transducer to measure the radiation.
answer
Sonography is often used during pregnancy, because it provides a way to evaluate the baby without risk.
question
Which explanation best describes the importance of continuing education? It is a certification requirement. It is important to stay current with advances. It is needed after a professional becomes certified in an imaging field. All of the above
answer
All of the above
question
The jobs that support medical imaging require specific types of education. Which field discussed requires the least amount of training? Which field requires the most amount of training? sales representatives; biomedical engineers transcriptionists; radiologists imaging specialists; application specialists research and development; radiologists
answer
transcriptionists; radiologists
question
INNOVATIONS IN TRANSPLANTATION
answer
question
1. the use of living organisms to benefit the environment or human health 4 organ 2. the basic unit of all living things 8 transplant 3. the process of manually combining an egg and sperm in the laboratory and implanting an embryo into a uterus 3 in vitro fertilization 4. a group of tissues joined to perform a specific function 7 tissue 5. the process where a patient's body rejects the transplanted organ and the individual's immune system begins to attack the transplanted organ 2 cells 6. an embryo that is created by in vitro fertilization 1 biotechnology 7. a group of cells that perform a similar task 5 organ rejection 8. replacing a failing organ with a donor organ that is healthy 6 test tube baby
answer
question
In order to determine if there is a potential organ match for a transplant, doctors perform these three tests. cross-matching, donor screening, and white blood cell levels blood type, tissue type, and cross-matching organ matching, donor screening, and genetic analysis blood typing, genetic screening, and donor testing
answer
blood type, tissue type, and cross-matching
question
Which statement best describes the role of the artificial heart? It is a good replacement option for people who do not want a human heart. It has been a great option because it can keep patients alive for a very long time. It is not a good option because of the high possibility for rejection. It has limited usefulness but can prolong life or be a tool to use while waiting for a transplant.
answer
It has limited usefulness but can prolong life or be a tool to use while waiting for a transplant.
question
Which organ would be appropriate for a donor transplant? kidney heart lungs pancreas
answer
kidney
question
Multiple donor transplant chains involve multiple donors and recipients "trading" organs to meet the needs of many who require transplants. True False
answer
True
question
Which statement is true? Transplant patients are exposed to disinfectants and antibiotics before they receive an organ. Cow hearts have been successfully transplanted into humans and will perform well until a human heart is found. Transplant patients are given drugs to suppress their immune system to help reduce the chance of rejection. There is no chance of contracting an infectious disease from an organ transplant.
answer
Transplant patients are given drugs to suppress their immune system to help reduce the chance of rejection.
question
Adult stem cells can be found in _____. the liver, lungs, and ovaries the lungs, bone marrow, and liver bone marrow, muscle, and the brain the reproductive organs and the bone marrow
answer
bone marrow, muscle, and the brain
question
This process involves taking DNA and placing it into a different cell. reproductive cloning genetic engineering stem cell research both reproductive cloning and genetic engineering
answer
both reproductive cloning and genetic engineering
question
Genetic researchers use _____ to make copies of the genes they are studying. embryos eggs pigs bacteria
answer
bacteria
question
QUIZ: RECENT ADVANCES IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
answer
question
Scientists use this technology to map the human genome. cross-testing genetic chips stem cells DNA
answer
genetic chips
question
Genes can be turned on or turned off; not all genes are active at one time. True False
answer
True
question
The root word patho means _____. disease black tumor a condition
answer
disease
question
This imaging test can tell us about the function of the brain. CT scan MRI nuclear medicine study ultrasound
answer
MRI
question
This imaging test is the most specific and detailed way to look at the body. CT scan PET scan MRI nuclear medicine test
answer
nuclear medicine test
question
If you wanted to evaluate a broken knee, you could use all of the following EXCEPT _____. CT scan PET scan ultrasound MRI
answer
ultrasound
question
This imaging tool can tell you the speed and direction of blood flow. ultrasound CT MRI none of the above
answer
ultrasound
question
Which explanation best describes the importance of continuing education? Continuing education is not required, but it is a good way to learn more in your field. Continuing education is important to maintain certification and keep up with new advances in the field. Continuing education can be very costly and opportunities are difficult to find. Only physicians and nurses are required to have continuing education.
answer
Continuing education is important to maintain certification and keep up with new advances in the field.
question
Biotechnology is _____. the study of biology and technology any use of living organisms to benefit health or the environment the use of technology to produce living things all of the above
answer
any use of living organisms to benefit health or the environment
question
The best option for a donor organ would be _____. a family member a deceased donor an artificial organ an identical twin
answer
an identical twin
question
Which statement is false? Organ rejection is a big risk in patients with organ transplants. Donor organs are treated with disinfectants and antibiotics before they are placed in the recipient. Anti-rejection drugs suppress the immune system, making the patient at risk for other illnesses. It is not possible to contract an illness from an organ transplant.
answer
It is not possible to contract an illness from an organ transplant.
question
For years, surgeons have had great success using _____. pig hearts synthetic organs artificial heart valves the artificial heart
answer
artificial heart valves
question
The cause of transplant failure is most often _____. internal bleeding infection rejection loss of blood supply
answer
rejection
question
INTRODUCTION TO CAREERS IN HEALTH SCIENCES: Test
answer
question
In ancient times, if you lived in a remote area of Egypt, who would be most likely to treat your illness? a healer who learned the practice from their family a physician who was formally trained a spiritual leader who had no medical training an eber who used magic and medicine
answer
a healer who learned the practice from their family
question
In ancient Egypt, they realized that some illnesses were the result of a specific occurrence or action. Which actions or occurrences did they realize caused illnesses? stomach aches, headaches, and coughs snake bites, insect bites, and accidents vomiting, bleeding, or having urinary difficulties diarrhea, fevers, and eye infections
answer
snake bites, insect bites, and accidents
question
In general, which statement best describes what it would be like to practice medicine in Mesopotamia? Mesopotamian physicians had tools like sesame oil, which was used for its antibacterial qualities. Surgery in Mesopotamia was performed with caution and care because physicians were legally accountable for the outcome of the surgery. Mesopotamian physicians had no spiritual beliefs, so no gods were responsible for illness. A and B above
answer
A and B above
question
In Greece, the practice of medicine was different than in other cultures. Which statement BEST describes what was different about Greek medicine? Greek physicians did not believe in the healing power of the gods. They did not practice bloodletting. They believed that there were physical causes for illness rather than spiritual causes. They believed that illness was an imbalance of internal energy and body and m
answer
They believed that there were physical causes for illness rather than spiritual causes.
question
The Code of Hammurabi was one of the first writings that outlined _____. directions for medical procedures medical uses for herbs and other substances patient rights doctor training requirements
answer
patient rights
question
How did William Harvey's ideas about autopsies differ from the cultural ideas of his time? William Harvey did not believe in doing autopsies because he was concerned about the transmission of disease. William Harvey thought he could learn about anatomy by performing autopsies even though they were not considered culturally acceptable. William Harvey believed that autopsies should be done in a public place so that the public could learn about anatomy. William Harvey felt that autopsies should be performed on all individuals so that we could learn about different types of anatomy.
answer
William Harvey thought he could learn about anatomy by performing autopsies even though they were not considered culturally acceptable.
question
Robert Boyle and Robert Hooke worked together and discovered some important physics concepts. Their work lead to the formation of Boyle's law; this describes the _____. relationship between blood flow and the heart rhythm and helped them discover how the heart works movement of oxygen and lead to the discovery of how blood delivered oxygen to tissues flow of fluids in the body and lead to the formation of the Humoral Theory relationship between pressure and air volume and led to the understanding of how respiration works
answer
relationship between pressure and air volume and led to the understanding of how respiration works
question
If it were not for these two men, we might not have come to understand microorganisms. These men are named _____. Anton Van Leeuenhook and Robert Hooke Pierre Bayen and Carl Sheele Robert Boyle and Robert Hooke Santorio Santorio and Galileo Galilei
answer
Anton Van Leeuenhook and Robert Hooke
question
The smallpox epidemic, Edward Jenner, and cowpox were all instrumental in the development of the first _____. blood transfusion procedure stethoscope made vaccine discovered tourniquet developed
answer
vaccine discovered
question
What connections was James Lind able to make during his voyage and experiments at sea? James Lind used his medical expertise to develop a vaccine for scurvy. James Lind used the scientific method to discover the connection between smallpox and vitamin C. James Lind used his skills in observation and problem solving to discover the link between lack of cleanliness and typhus. James Lind used his reasoning skills to develop a cure for smallpox.
answer
James Lind used his skills in observation and problem solving to discover the link between lack of cleanliness and typhus.
question
Why was the stethoscope invented? as a solution to the problem that doctors felt uncomfortable placing their ear on a woman's chest as an aid for doctors who were hard of hearing as a way to measure the blood pressure of a patient to help doctors view tiny organisms in the blood
answer
as a solution to the problem that doctors felt uncomfortable placing their ear on a woman's chest
question
It was during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries that medicine emerged as a practice based on science instead of an art based on religion and superstition. True False
answer
True
question
These tools were crucial in scientists' and physicians' ability to work together and collaborate to solve problems and learn about disease. the Internet and the scientific method computers and scientific journals scientific associations and transportation all of the above
answer
all of the above
question
These medical inventions were the direct result of technology developed for space travel. computers, the stethoscope, and the microscope infrared thermometers, protective clothing, and improved prosthetic limbs heating pads, cooling beds, and radiation-monitoring devices pharmaceuticals, medical devices, and diabetic supplies
answer
infrared thermometers, protective clothing, and improved prosthetic limbs
question
This invention was instrumental in the field of diagnostic imaging. Because of this invention, digital imaging is possible. the Internet transportation computers prosthetics
answer
computers
question
Rosalind Franklin was instrumental in the discovery of _____. x-rays computers the structure of DNA human insulin
answer
the structure of DNA
question
How is our knowledge of genetics used in medicine? Doctors can diagnose genetic disorders. Doctors can screen for genetic disorders. Scientists understand disorders such as Down syndrome and Turner's syndrome. all of the above
answer
all of the above
question
At all times, all genes are active and code for proteins. True False
answer
False
question
When scientists take the genes of two different species and combine them, we call this _____. genetic testing gene coding genetic engineering all of the above
answer
genetic engineering
question
Which explanation BEST describes medical imaging? Medical imaging uses x-rays to image bones. Medical imaging involves taking photographs of sick people. Medical imaging uses medical equipment to take images of the body. Medical imaging uses sound waves to look inside the body.
answer
Medical imaging uses medical equipment to take images of the body.
question
This imaging tool measures a magnetic shift to generate an image. MRI machine ultrasound machine CT scanner PET scanner
answer
MRI machine
question
Which statement BEST describes an organ? the basic unit of all living things; a building block a group of tissues joined together to perform a specific function the process in which tissues combine the smallest unit in a system that can function on its own
answer
a group of tissues joined together to perform a specific function
question
Which statement describes the MOST likely organ match? an identical twin the nearest sibling either parent a similar cadaver
answer
an identical twin
question
According to the lesson, the biggest risk of organ transplantation is _____. rejection infection organ match harm to the donor
answer
rejection
question
Section 3: INTRODUCTION TO HOSPITALITY AND TOURISM SYSTEMS
answer
question
TRAVEL TERMS
answer
question
The activities of people traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environments for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business, and other purposes is called _____. hospitality tourism travel transportation
answer
tourism
question
In the United States, travel and tourism supported more than _____ jobs in the year 2010 alone. 5 million 7.5 million 15 million 20 million
answer
7.5 million
question
The number of international visitors who traveled to the United States in 2010 was nearly _____. 20 million 40 million 60 million 80 million
answer
60 million
question
A community that wants to invest in a tourism development should first conduct a _____. survey of residents self-assessment environmental-impact statement investment plan
answer
self-assessment
question
_____ is the largest industry in the world. Manufacturing Education Technology Travel and tourism
answer
Travel and tourism
question
Studies indicate that 20 percent to 25 percent of all business travelers engage in leisure activities during work-related trips. True False
answer
True
question
The most prevalent type of travel occurs when family members take a trip together to visit a friend or relative. True False
answer
True
question
A professional who evaluates a traveler's needs and budget and recommends, arranges, and sells part or all of the trip is a _____. tour manager travel guide travel agent sightseeing tour guide
answer
travel agent
question
Travel is generally divided into which two broad categories? international and local leisure and business cruise and resort excursion and escorted
answer
leisure and business
question
SEGMENTS OF THE TRAVEL INDUSTRY
answer
question
1. travelers who want to explore the natural environment and its preservation 2 outlet 2. a store in which manufacturers sell their products directly to consumers 3 packaged travel 3. a trip arranged by a travel professional that has at least two travel components, such as accommodations and transportation 1 ecotourists
answer
question
In the United States, there were _______ lodging establishments in 2010. 25,015 51,015 84,015 95,015
answer
51,015
question
Motels are establishments that include hundreds of rooms and are generally equipped with elevators and indoor corridors. True False
answer
False
question
The public rail service in the United States is called: the Metro North Commuter Railroad the National Rail Company Amtrak Shortline
answer
Amtrak
question
The first railroad opened in the United States in _____. 1790 1830 1865 1890
answer
1830
question
The most popular entertainment resort in the world is _____. the Las Vegas Strip SeaWorld Hershey Park Walt Disney World Resort
answer
Walt Disney World Resort
question
A trip arranged by a travel professional that has at least two travel components is called _____. adventure travel an incentive trip packaged travel independent travel
answer
packaged travel
question
A traveler who wants to explore and preserve the natural environment is a cultural tourist. True False
answer
False
question
There are _____ individual food establishments in the United States. 250,000 525,000 770,000 970,000
answer
970,000
question
There are _____ museums in the United States. 5,500 10,500 17,500 25,500
answer
17,500
question
TRAVEL PRODUCT DISTRIBUTION AND WHY WE TRAVEL
answer
question
Companies that develop, own, and provide the travel products being sold are called _____ . suppliers consumers intermediaries distributors
answer
suppliers
question
Companies that are go-betweens that link suppliers with the traveling public are called _____. suppliers consumers intermediaries distributors
answer
intermediaries
question
A commodity is a complex product, and suppliers of these products provide very different types of vacations. True False
answer
False
question
An example of a consumer buying a product directly from a supplier is _____. purchasing an airline ticket through an online travel agency purchasing an airline ticket through a travel agency purchasing an airline ticket through an airline's web site purchasing an airline ticket through a cruise liner
answer
purchasing an airline ticket through a travel agency
question
_____ season is when the weather is best in a locale and when many people have time off for vacation. Low High Shoulder Average
answer
High
question
_____ season is when the weather is not optimal and few tourists have vacation time. Low High Shoulder Average
answer
Low
question
_____ are travelers who are cautious and prefer predictable vacations that they take over and over. Dependables Venturers Centrics Intermediaries
answer
Dependables
question
_____ are travelers who prefer visiting unusual, exotic places. Dependables Venturers Centrics Intermediaries
answer
Venturers
question
_____ are travelers who like adventure, but in moderation. Dependables Venturers Centrics Intermediaries
answer
Centrics
question
QUIZ 5: THE FOUNDATIONS OF TRAVEL
answer
question
1. A hike through some ancient Mayan ruins 2 Centrics 2. A trip to Hawaii 3 Dependables 3. VFR travel 1 Venturers
answer
question
Prices are high at hotels when it is low season in a tourist destination. True False
answer
False
question
Which of the following is an activity, not an industry? dining services tourism travel accommodations
answer
travel
question
What is the major difference between an attraction and entertainment? An attraction offers retail services. An attraction always requires a paid admission. An attraction can be part of a travel package. An attraction is offered year-round.
answer
An attraction always requires a paid admission.
question
The restaurant industry employed _____ people in the United States in 2010. 5.9 million people 8.9 million people 12.9 million people 15.9 million people
answer
12.9 million people
question
A hotel is a lodging accommodation that has one or two floors and provides guests access to their rooms from an outdoor parking area. True False
answer
False
question
Which industry began to form in the 1930s? the railroad industry the cruise ship industry the airline industry the Disney resorts
answer
the airline industry
question
Which of the following is not a key player in the sale of travel products? intermediaries governmental regulators suppliers consumers
answer
governmental regulators
question
There are more than _____ amusement parks in the United States. 400 800 1,000 1,200
answer
400
question
The researcher who identified three types of travelers on a continuum was _____. Conrad Hilton Stanley Plog Henry Ford Norman Brinker
answer
Stanley Plog
question
The _____ industry encompasses the lodging and food industries. tourism hospitality transportation corporate
answer
hospitality
question
How many international visitors did the United States attract in 2010? twenty million forty million sixty million eighty million
answer
sixty million
question
The benefits of developing tourism in a community include all of the following except _____. increased sales taxes creation of jobs overcrowding of local roads increased revenues for local businesses
answer
overcrowding of local roads
question
What percentage of jobs created by travel and tourism are directly related to the industry? 21 percent 51 percent 71 percent 91 percent
answer
71 percent
question
Packaged travel is a trip that a tourist takes without consulting with a travel agent or other travel professional. True False
answer
False
question
_____ money is what's available after paying for the necessities of life. Surplus Discretionary Travel Direct
answer
Discretionary
question
Suppliers often prefer that travel agents arrange cruise-line tickets and other travel packages because _____. the suppliers already provide commissions the suppliers can't sell directly to the public the suppliers won't need large reservation staffs the suppliers already sell products on the Internet
answer
the suppliers won't need large reservation staffs
question
Which type of travel product is an experience and not a commodity? a Norwegian Cruise Line cruise a room at a Holiday Inn a car rental an airline ticket
answer
a Norwegian Cruise Line cruise
question
_____ season in a tourist destination includes the in-between times of spring and fall. Low High Shoulder Variable
answer
Shoulder
question
An online travel agency such as Travelocity is an example of a(n) _____. supplier consumer intermediary experience
answer
intermediary
question
A cruise ship that sells travel packages including shore excursions is an example of a _____. supplier consumer intermediary distributor
answer
supplier
question
A travel agency that sells travel products to the public is an intermediary. True False
answer
True
question
GEOGRAPHIC BASICS AND WHERE WE TRAVEL
answer
question
_____ is the science that deals with the description, distribution, and interaction of the diverse physical, biological, and cultural features of Earth's surface. Ecology Conservation Topography Geography
answer
Geography
question
Seasons in the Southern and Northern Hemispheres occur during the same times of the year. True False
answer
False
question
If you cross the _____, you will either pass into the next day or the previous day, depending on whether you are moving east or west. equator great circle route International Date Line Arctic circle
answer
International Date Line
question
The areas between about 23 degrees north of the equator and 23 degrees south of the equator are the _____ zones. temperate tropical meridian Mediterranean
answer
tropical
question
How many oceans are there on Earth? four five six seven
answer
four
question
In temperate zones, in which direction do winds blow? east to west west to east north to south south to north
answer
west to east
question
More than _____ percent of Earth is covered by water. eighty ninety-five sixty seventy
answer
sixty
question
A _____ is a piece of land that juts out into water. continent landmass reef peninsula
answer
pennisula
question
There are six continents on Earth. True False
answer
False
question
THE COUNTRIES WE VISIT — PART 1
answer
question
An _____ is a narrow strip of land connecting two larger land areas. archipelago estuary isthmus inlet
answer
isthmus
question
An _____ is an expanse of water with many scattered islands. archipelago estuary isthmus inlet
answer
archipelago
question
New York City is the most-visited city in the world. True False
answer
False
question
The largest of the resort cities on Mexico's Pacific coast is _____. Cancun Tampico Veracruz Acapulco
answer
Acapulco
question
Central America has ten countries. True False
answer
False
question
Which of the following countries is not in North America? Mexico Costa Rica Ecuador Canada
answer
Ecuador
question
Europe comprises _____ countries. thirty forty fifty sixty
answer
fifty
question
The country that attracted the most international tourists in 2010 was _____. the United States England Spain France
answer
France
question
The official residence and office of the British monarch is _____. Westminster Abbey Buckingham Palace Windsor Castle Tower of London
answer
Buckingham Palace
question
The Countries We Visit — Part 2
answer
question
The Great Sphinx of Giza is a limestone statue of a reclining sphinx, a mythical creature with a lion's body and a human head that is located in Morocco. True False
answer
False
question
The most popular country for tourists in Africa is _____. South Africa Egypt Morocco Tunisia
answer
Egypt
question
Africa has _____ countries. thirty-six forty-six fifty-six sixty-six
answer
fifty-six
question
The voyage to Mecca that Muslims are required to take once in each one's lifetime is called the _____. injil Qur'an hajj hadit
answer
haji
question
_____ is a holy city for Jews, Christians, and Muslims. Mecca Tel Aviv Bethlehem Jerusalem
answer
Jerusalem
question
The most populous country in the world is _____. India Egypt China Russia
answer
China
question
Which continent has 60 percent of the world's population? Africa Asia Europe North America
answer
Asia
question
_____ is the region that centers on the islands of the tropical Pacific Ocean. Australia Tahiti Melanesia Oceania
answer
Oceania
question
Quiz: The Geography of Travel
answer
question
Which of the following sites is not one of the New Seven Wonders of the World? Great Wall of China Petra, Jordan The Western Wall, Israel Taj Mahal, India
answer
The Western Wall, Israel
question
A tourist might see a samba dance at which annual event? the hajj in Saudi Arabia Carnival in Rio de Janeiro the Annual Kauai Mokihana Festival in Hawai'i the Strasbourg International Festival in France
answer
Carnival in Rio de Janeiro
question
The most popular city for tourists in the United States is _____. Los Angeles Chicago Orlando New York City
answer
New York City
question
The temperate zones are areas between about 23 degrees north of the equator and 23 degrees south of the equator. True False
answer
False
question
The _____ is the imaginary line that encircles the Earth and is equidistant from the North and South Poles. International Date Line longitudinal line latitudinal line equator
answer
equator
question
Landmasses on a flat map look distorted because _____. Earth is a sphere countries appear smaller than they really are longitudinal lines are inaccurate latitudinal lines are inaccurate
answer
Earth is a sphere
question
There are _____ time zones on Earth. fourteen twenty twenty-four thirty
answer
twenty-four
question
In air travel, the shortest distance between two points is accurate for north to south routes, but not east to west routes. True False
answer
True
question
If you flew across the International Date Line, traveling from east to west, you would land _____. in the same day in the next day in the previous day half a day later
answer
in the next day
question
The equator is at what degree latitude? 0 5 10 15
answer
question
_____ are large areas of water that jut into land. Lakes Seas Gulfs Oceans
answer
Gulfs
question
_____ are low ridges, typically made of coral, that rise to or near the ocean's surface. Atolls Islands Archipelagos Reefs
answer
Reefs
question
_____ are coral islands consisting of reefs surrounding a lagoon. Atolls Geysers Peninsulas Capes
answer
Atolls
question
The largest landforms are _____. countries continents mountains peninsulas
answer
continents
question
Niagara Falls straddles the border between which two countries? France and Spain Mexico and the United States Canada and the United States Brazil and Peru
answer
Canada and the United States
question
3. INTRODUCTION TO HOSPITALITY AND TOURISM SYSTEMS TEST
answer
question
The largest coral reef in the world is in _____. Hawai'i Mexico New Zealand Australia
answer
Australia
question
Travel and tourism is the world's largest industry. True False
answer
True
question
_____ are one- or two-floor lodging establishments in which the rooms are usually accessible from an outdoor parking area. Motels Hotels Inns Hostels
answer
Motels
question
Which factor did not contribute to the increase of leisure travel in the early twentieth century in the United States? the mass production of automobiles the formation of the airline industry improvements in the railway system the development of online travel websites
answer
the development of online travel websites
question
1. Venturers a safari through Kenya 1 2. Centrics a trip to Rio 2 3. Dependables Visiting Friends and Relatives (VFR) 3
answer
question
Business and leisure travel often overlap. True False
answer
True
question
Every tourism job creates _____ more jobs in businesses providing goods and services to the hospitality industry. two three four five
answer
three
question
1. Spring or fall, an in-between category when tourism is neither high nor low shoulder season 1 2. Summer, when the weather is optimal and many people have vacation time low season 3 3. Winter, when the weather is often rainy and fewer tourists visit high season 2
answer
question
The number of people worldwide who took a vacation in 2010 was: 104 million 154 million 204 million 254 million
answer
204 million
question
Central America has _____ countries. five six seven eight
answer
seven
question
The world's highest waterfall, Angel Falls, is located in which country? Peru Venezuela Mexico Ecuador
answer
Venezuela
question
1. The go-betweens who link suppliers with the traveling public intermediaries 1 2. People who buy or use travel products consumers 2 3. Companies that develop, own, and provide the travel products being sold suppliers 3
answer
question
_____ is a term that means belonging to or native to a particular people or country. Tame Endemic Fauna Natural
answer
Endemic
question
The largest country in South America is _____. Peru Brazil Argentina Colombia
answer
Brazil
question
Paris is the most-visited city in the world. True False
answer
True
question
Which of the following is not a country in the United Kingdom? England Scotland Wales Canada
answer
Canada
question
The birthplace of Shakespeare, which is a popular tourist destination, is _____. Windsor Stratford-upon-Avon London Liverpool
answer
Stratford-upon-Avon
question
How many provinces does Canada have? eight nine ten eleven
answer
ten
question
How many countries does North America have? twenty twenty-one twenty-two twenty-three
answer
twenty-three
question
Entertainment always has paid admission and onsite parking. True False
answer
False
question
1. Tropical zones winds that move east to west 1 2. Temperate zones winds that move west to east 2
answer
question
_____ is a form of tourism in which people travel individually or in groups for pilgrimage, missionary, or leisure purposes, often to holy cities and sites. Ecotourism Religious tourism Convention tourism Adventure tourism
answer
Religious tourism
question
The Middle East links which two continents? Asia and Europe Europe and Africa Africa and Asia Africa and Australia
answer
Africa and Asia
question
The most populous city in Australia is _____. Melbourne Brisbane Canberra Sydney
answer
Sydney
question
4. INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN SERVICES
answer
question
Solving Problems vs. Teaching Problem-Solving Skills
answer
question
1. Providing for people in need through facilities and/or programs 3 self-determination 2. Enabling a person to make changes in his or her own life 2 empowerment 3. Making decisions for yourself without the influence of others 1 human services
answer
question
The country has thousands of privately run social service organizations. Two of the most well-known organizations are _____. Alcoholics Anonymous and Gamblers Anonymous Salvation Army and Goodwill Industries Visiting Nurses Association and Veterans Administration MIA and POW Services
answer
Salvation Army and Goodwill Industries
question
Human services workers are not in the business of rescuing people. Instead, they provide support that gives people the ability to make changes to improve their own lives. The term that describes this action is known as _____. encouragement self-awareness self-preservation empowerment
answer
empowerment
question
Types of Populations, Services, and Fulfilling Needs
answer
question
1. money delegated and given for a specific cause or purpose 3 population groups 2. organizations, either public or private, that provide human services 1 grants 3. a collection of otherwise diverse people struggling with similar difficult situations 2 institutions
answer
question
Veterans return to civilian life after serving in combat zones. They may have physical issues, including lost limbs or brain damage, or suffer from _____. developmental delays post-traumatic stress disorder selective mutism
answer
post-traumatic stress disorder
question
Human services professionals work on the _____ in direct contact with clients. front lines front desks front office
answer
front lines
question
Caseworkers provide _____ for their clients and help them achieve goals listed in their care plans. financial aid transportation accountability
answer
accountability
question
Social workers help clients with daily living, while counselors diagnose and treat disorders and help clients make good _____. investments decisions vacation plans
answer
decisions
question
Other administrative workers play key roles in the success of a human services organization. They are the ones who write _____ to find and apply for funding. courses grants business plans
answer
grants
question
What Human Services Organizations Do
answer
question
1. an organization, institution, and/or agency that is rewarded with financial compensation for services rendered prudent reserve 5 2. interfering with a person's life to save him or her from risky behavior that could soon result in death or disaster target groups 7 3. an organization, institution, or agency that secures only enough funds to operate and fulfill the needs of their target group social assistance 6 4. the basic concepts and reasoning behind a subject for-profit 1 5. an extra amount of funds set aside (strictly as a cushion to be used only when absolutely necessary) for operating expenses intervention 2 6. the word "assistance" provides temporary help or support nonprofit 3 7. similar to the term population group philosophy 4
answer
question
Another name for population groups is target groups. True False
answer
True
question
The human services philosophy may also be its mission statement. This details its core values and principles. Some of these core values may include respecting a person's dignity, improving the quality of life for clients and their families, believing in each person's potential, and striving toward the goal of _____. self-awareness self-sufficiency self-abasement self-consciousness
answer
self-sufficiency
question
Social assistance is a synonym for social service. True False
answer
False
question
Human services organizations fall under one of two financial structures: for-profit and nonprofit. For-profit organizations operate as businesses to make money. Nonprofit organizations are dependent on _____. customer satisfaction word-of-mouth advertising funds and donations inheritances
answer
funds and donations
question
The federal government continues to be the largest provider of human services in the United States. Among the major human services provided by the government are social assistance to help people secure employment and _____. transport people to appointments deliver groceries to people's homes ensure health-care delivery restore communities after natural disasters
answer
restore communities after natural disasters
question
Sometimes people become so hopeless that they sink into depression or commit acts of violence. When this happens, human services professionals and others may stage an intervention. This is a forced interference in the person's life. Why is this an acceptable step to take? An intervention may embarrass the person so he or she will behave properly. An intervention may force the person to face his or her problems and make changes. An intervention is like a party, allowing them to have a good time before facing reality. An intervention may give the person career guidance.
answer
An intervention may force the person to face his or her problems and make changes.
question
Extra funds set aside in a nonprofit human services organization are known as__________
answer
prudent reserve
question
The older term, social service, referred to advancing human welfare. The new term, meaning to provide for the needs of various people and groups, is ___________
answer
social assistance
question
Quiz: History, Standards, and Overarching Mission
answer
question
Choose the option that best matches the description given. Providing assistance to people in need through programs is known as_________services.
answer
human
question
Choose the option that best matches the description given. Rather than rescuing clients, human support workers provide support-motivation and__________ to assist clients toward self-awareness and self-determination.
answer
empowerment
question
In human services, some administrative positions include the board of directors, development directors, grant writers, program directors, and _____. board of governors operations directors assistant paraprofessionals media directors
answer
operations directors
question
A human services worker has begun a plan of action for a juvenile offender. She discovers he has skipped a couple of counseling sessions to stay home and play the latest World of Warcraft video game. What would be the most appropriate action for her to take? force the client to confess report the client for skipping his counseling sessions hold the client accountable take away the client's computer privileges
answer
hold the client accountable
question
Choose the option that best matches the description given. One source that grant writers could turn to for funding is a/an____________.
answer
philanthropist
question
Choose the option that best matches the description given. A different group of people who share similar needs is called a/an ___________.
answer
population group
question
Choose the option that best matches the description given. Some population groups in need of human services may include veterans, elderly people, addicts and ______________.
answer
minority groups
question
Choose the option that best matches the description given. Two broad groups within the human services industry include workers, who have direct contact with clients, and ______________who have little or no contact with clients.
answer
administrative staff
question
1. Extra funds set aside beyond those necessary to cover operating expenses philosophy or mission statement 2 2. Basic reasoning for an organization's existence intervention 3 3. Interfering in someone's life for the purpose of saving him or her from risky behavior that could lead to death prudent reserve 1
answer
question
1. Population groups social services 3 2. Mission statement philosophy 2 3. Human services target groups 1
answer
question
1. Intervention may be called violent or suicidal 3 2. People in need of intervention may include interference in someone's life 1 3. People in need of intervention may be addicts, mentally ill people, or abused spouses 2
answer
question
A philosophy or mission statement does NOT help to guide an organization. True False
answer
False
question
Teen ___________ is an organization based on Christian principles and beliefs, designed for teens struggling with addictions
answer
Challenge
question
The two major organizations are for-profit and _________.
answer
nonprofit
question
Direct Service Interventions
answer
question
Direct services are those provided to clients and their family members to help them improve their quality of life, while program planning is a/an _____. action plan of how to access available programs detailed outline of the best way to provide services for the client implemented plan of care and direct services maintenance plan to improve the client's quality of life
answer
detailed outline of the best way to provide services for the client
question
Administrations serve two primary roles as a level of intervention for clients. One role is to work toward improving their organization; the other is to work with other human services organizations to _____. provide customer satisfaction encourage client-to-client interaction provide population groups with the best level of service promote human services as the most viable solution for meeting clients' needs
answer
provide population groups with the best level of service
question
There are three primary fieldwork positions. One is the counselor, who provides strategies for success to clients. A second position is the social worker, who helps clients to restore their social functioning ability. The third position is the case or care manager, who meets clients' needs through _____. transporting, evaluating, and rescheduling delivering groceries and other necessities to clients' homes ensuring access to health care assessing, planning, and facilitating
answer
assessing, planning, and facilitating
question
Choose the option that best matches the description given. The social worker is responsible for helping clients_____________
answer
restore their social functioning ability
question
Choose the option that best matches the description given. The acronym HRSA stands for __________
answer
Health Resources and Services Administration
question
Choose the option that best matches the description given. Direct services workers focus on contact with _______________
answer
clients and families
question
Choose the option that best matches the description given. One level of intervention in the human services field is/are ______________
answer
program planning
question
Policy and Program-Planning Interventions
answer
question
1. Organized effort to collect money for a cause or need community mobilization 3 2. Combined efforts of a group of people with a common goal of bringing resources together grant writing 2 3. Fulfilling application requirements to obtain funding fundraising 1
answer
question
Rosa Parks was an African American woman and seamstress who lived in Alabama. One evening during the 1950s, while returning home on a bus, she defied segregation laws and refused to give up her seat for a White man. This incident, and the events that followed it, essentially birthed the: Peace Movement Civil Rights Movement Separation Movement Chivalrous Attitude Movement
answer
Civil Rights Movement
question
Choose the option that best matches the description given. _____________try to influence legislation and help human services organizations to achieve their goals.
answer
Lobbyists
question
Choose the option that best matches the description given. Two of the goals of community mobilization are getting the community interested and______________.
answer
hosting social change
question
1. Policy range of activities designed to achieve goals 2 2. Program planning and design using guides to hold decision makers, leaders, and legislators accountable 1 3. Lobbying advocating before legislators 3
answer
question
Administration
answer
question
1. structured plan for spending executive director 3 2. oversees fund-raising activities for the organization and helps create a strategic plan for raising money budget 1 3. maintains all of the high-level administrative tasks crucial to the programs that are performed and oversees the operational side of the organization development director 2 4. creates the human service programs that an organization offers program director 4
answer
question
Administrators make sure an organization follows its mission, adapts to changes, and manages the _____. resources budget scheduling employees
answer
budget
question
When FEMA responds to an emergency, it is a good example of the successful administration of _____. welfare benefits human services unemployment benefits mental health services
answer
human services
question
Choose the option that best matches the description given. To make sure it survives, a human services organization must raise funds and______________
answer
adapt to change
question
A budget is a structured plan for spending funds wisely. True False
answer
True
question
Grant writers are not essential to the success of a human services organization. True False
answer
False
question
Human services management includes grant writers, executive directors, program directors, and _____. budget writers support staff disaster scene directors development directors
answer
development directors
question
The jobs of an executive director include heading operations, managing the budget, and securing more _________. funding frontline workers resources programs
answer
funding
question
Choose the option that best matches the description given. Midlevel administrators are also called_________
answer
development directors
question
Quiz: Providers of Human Services
answer
question
Program planning is one level of intervention used in the field of human services. Its outline helps workers to provide the following for their clients: self-sufficiency best available services best social programs the most independence
answer
best available services
question
Choose the option that best matches the description given. The three levels of interventions used in the human services field include administrations, _______________, and program planning.
answer
direct services
question
Choose the option that best matches the description given. Another direct service available as part of program planning includes crisis intervention, planning, and _________________.
answer
management
question
Choose the option that best matches the description given. One of many fieldwork positions in direct services is _____________
answer
social workers
question
What are two ways in which human services organizations find and get finances? charitable donations and inheritances grant writing and fund-raising guest speaking and honorariums door-to-door soliciting and telemarketing
answer
grant writing and fund-raising
question
Lobbyists are hired by companies to influence legislation to meet a company's goals. They ask for things needed to program plans related to health care, and come together as _____. political pack groups professional and amateur groups social media groups special interest groups
answer
special interest groups
question
Choose the option that best matches the description given. Community mobilizations seek to engage members of a town and_______________for their community.
answer
accept responsibility
question
Choose the option that best matches the description given. Human services organizations seek to make changes and help people in need to improve their ________________.
answer
quality of life
question
Choose the option that best matches the description given. The African American who took a stand against segregation and brought about the Civil Rights Movement was ________________.
answer
Rosa Parks
question
Choose the option that best matches the description given. The African American who took a stand against segregation and brought about the Civil Rights Movement was_______________.
answer
policies
question
1. Oversee operations and wise use of funds program directors 2 2. Assess needs and develop programs executive directors 1 3. Oversee fundraising activities development directors 3
answer
question
1. Budget administrative level overseeing fund-raising 2 2. Development director top administrative level overseeing operations 3 3. Executive director structured plan for spending 1
answer
question
Program directors look at the needs of people and design programs to meet those needs. True False
answer
True
question
The top level of administrators within human services organizations is executive directors. True False
answer
True
question
The role of FEMA is to provide public___________.
answer
assistance
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