Brain Drain in India Essay Example
Brain Drain in India Essay Example

Brain Drain in India Essay Example

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  • Pages: 4 (1031 words)
  • Published: September 14, 2017
  • Type: Essay
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The concept of brain drain, which refers to the migration of young skilled individuals to other countries in search of better opportunities, is increasingly prevalent. This phenomenon is particularly common among professionals such as doctors, engineers, scientists, and lawyers. When a significant number of highly educated individuals leave a developing country, investing in education may not lead to faster economic growth. For example, it is estimated that the emigration of computer experts from India to the United States costs the country $2 billion annually. Additionally, Indian students studying abroad incur a foreign exchange expense of $10 billion each year. As a result, our nation is gradually losing intellectual capacity and experiencing significant loss of national wealth. To address this issue effectively, we must consider why skilled individuals are leaving the coun


try en masse instead of solely focusing on jobs; we need to seek solutions. It is crucial to understand why India - an influential Asian power - faces such a severe problem and what attracts our youth to foreign fields and skylines. Why do they choose to work hard and be honest there rather than here? The primary reason for this issue lies in our failure to provide suitable career opportunities and chances for our youth to demonstrate their abilities.India has lagged behind in fulfilling its aspirations and dreams, while countries such as the USA, UK, Germany, France, Russia, Italy, and Japan have made remarkable progress in technology, science, electronics, computers, and astronomy. Consequently, these nations offer superior opportunities both in terms of quality and quantity. The facilities provided by these countries far surpass what we can provide in a lifetime. All we can do

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is celebrate when Indians like Amartya Sen or Arundhati Roy achieve international fame and hypocritically claim that they are proud Indians. Critics argue that talents like theirs can never remain hidden and will eventually shine through under any circumstances; however, this belief is simply foolish. It is reasonable to believe that just as a seed requires water fertilizers manure heat protection to grow similarly young individuals need suitable conditions to thrive. If we cannot create favorable conditions for the youth of our nation how can we expect them to attain greatness? They too deserve the right to live and progressHence, individuals seek better opportunities abroad to fulfill their dreams, as their potential is limited in their own country. When Indian students return from studying abroad, they often face unemployment or lack of opportunities due to the job market's insufficiency. It is essential to address the issue of brain drain in India and retain talented individuals by creating better job prospects and more opportunities. Esteemed IT professionals and IIM graduates are highly respected globally; other countries eagerly embrace their talents. Retaining these gifted individuals within India can accelerate progress in various socio-economic fields. Deserving occupations must be provided for students returning after studying abroad, as they bring fresh ideas, passion, idealism, and nationalism. Policies should be established to attract scientists, engineers, lawyers, doctors researchers,and MBAs back to India so that they can contribute towards its advancement. To truly eliminate brain drain from our nation's borders, we must eradicate petty politics and corruption while improving living conditions and working environments.According to Lincoln C. Chen and Jo Ivey Boufford's article "Fatal Flows: Doctors on the Move," an international

company states that India's greatest strength lies not only in its population but also in the level of skills present here. The following texts discuss the issue of brain drain and related topics such as international migration and diaspora networks.

The sources include:

- "Global interaction, global inequality, and migration of the highly trained to the United States" by Cheng L. and Yang P.Q. in the International Migration Review (1998)
- Chapter 9 of Jeff Colgan's book "The Promise and Peril of International Trade" (2005)
- David Heenan's book "Flight Capital: The Alarming Exodus of America's Best and Brightest" (2005)
- Devesh Kapur and John McHale's book "Give Us Your Best and Brightest: The Global Hunt for Talent and Its Impact on the Developing World" (2005) [2]
- Alan Dowty's work "Brain Drain in Reverse as Immigrants Return Home" (1989)

Additionally, there are other relevant texts that include with their contents:

- "Closed Boundary lines: The Contemporary Assault on Freedom of Movement." published by Yale University Press with ISBN 0300044984 written by Harrison, Hope Millard in 2003.
- "Driving the Soviets Up the Wall: Soviet-East German Relations.19531961." published by Princeton University Press with ISBN 0691096783 written by Kemp, Paul.
- "Goodbye Canada?" from Canada to U.S., published in 2003."The Migration of Knowledge Workers: Second Generation Effects of India’s Brain Drain" (2000) by Kuznetsov, Yevgeny focuses on brain drain, international migration, diaspora networks, and their impact on countries worldwide. Other texts related to international migration and its effects include:
1. "Diaspora Networks and the International Migration of Skills: How States Can Draw on Their Talent Abroad" (2006) by D.W. Livingstone
2. "The Education-Jobs Gap: Underemployment or Economic Democracy" (1998) by Douglas S. Massey and J. Edward Taylor

(focusing on Canada; online edition)
3. "International Migration: Prospects and Policies in a Global Market" (2003) by Mullan, Fitzhugh (online edition)
4. "The Metrics of the Physician Brain Drain" (2005) by Caglar Ozden and Maurice Schiff ("New England Journal of Medicine," Volume 353:18-18 October 27, 2005 Number 17; online version)
5. "International Migration, Remittances, and Brain Drain" (2005) by Ransford W. Palmer
6. "In Search of a Better Life: Positions on Migration from the Caribbean" (1990) by Pearson, Raymond (online edition)
7. "The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Empire" (1998) by Ronald Skeldon and Wang Gungwu
8."Loath Exiles?Migration from Hong Kong and the New Overseas Chinese" (1994) by Michael Peter Smith and Adrian Favell(online edition)."The Human Face of Global Mobility: International Highly Skilled Migration in Europe, North America, and the Asia-Pacific," published in 2006 by Thackeray, explores the topic of international highly skilled migration. Another book by Thackeray titled "Events that changed Germany" was published in 2004 by Greenwood Publishing Group with an ISBN number 0313328145. In 1995, the Institute of East Asiatic Studies released an online edition called "China's Brain Drain to the United States: Positions of Overseas Chinese Students and Scholars," which was authored by David Zweig, Chen Changgui, and Stanley Rosen. This publication specifically focuses on the phenomenon of brain drain from China to the US.

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