Bob Jones Science 5 Chapter 2

any part or trace of a living organism that is naturally preserved after it dies

rot away

worldwide flood
Most of the fossils that we see today are clear evidence of a _________.

petrified fossils
Fossils that are made when bone or wood is replaced by minerals that harden into rock are called__________.

Sometimes an organism is pressed into a rock and leaves an imprint, or ______.

A ______ is formed when sediment fills in the empty space in a mold and produces a copy of the shape of an organism.

carbon film
A ________ is a dark image made from plants pressed in rock.

Plants and animals can be fossilized in a hardened, yellow plant sap called _________.

What is a trace fossil?
Formed from something that an organism left behind – such as a footprint, a hole where an animal lived, or its droppings.

What are three things in which fossils can be preserved?
Amber (sap), ice, and tar

People draw conclusions about fossils based on what they _______ about how the earth began.

People who believe that life on earth developed gradually, or evolved, are called _________.

created, creationists
People who believe that God spoke and _________ the earth and all forms of life in six days are called _________.

Layers of rock represent geologic ages, or long time periods.

The age of a fossil can be revealed by looking at the layer of rock in which the fossil is found.

The Flood in Genesis 6-8 accounts for the formation of most fossils.

The earth is only thousands of years old.

Life on the earth had developed over millions of years.

The earth came into being simply by chance.

Genesis 1 explains the true origin of the earth.

_______ are scientists who study fossils.

simple tools
Scientists may use _______ as well as cranes and bulldozers to excavate fossils.

Good places to look for fossils include cliffs, beaches, and ______.

Before a fossil is excavated, _______ are taken and a map is inside.

protect the fossil
Scientists often remove some of the surrounding rock along with a fossil to help _____.

protective coating
Paleontologists paint very fragile bones with a _______.

Fossils are cleaned by paleontologists called _______.

Paleontologists look at _______ animals to help them reconstruct a fossil.

___________ teach that life began millions of years ago.

not exact
The carbon-dating method is ________ for determining when fossilized plants and animals lived.

The scientific study of fossils is called __________.

The process of removing a fossil from the rock and other materials around it is called _______>

5 steps of excavating a fossil
1) Photograph the site.
2) Make a detailed map of the site.
3) Excavate, or remove, the fossils.
4) Number the individual bones.
5) Wrap the bones to keep them from breaking.

Fossils were buried by a sudden catastrophe like the Flood.

Simple organisms gradually evolved into new, complex forms of life.

The position of a fossil in a rock may show how the animal attempted to avoid the Flood’s waters.

List two things a scientist cannot know for sure from the skeleton of an animal.
How old it is and when it died.

In what way does the outward appearance of modern animals help paleontologists?
How the fossils should be shaped.

What is one problem with using carbon dating to date fossils?
It’s mostly just a guess.

terrible lizard
The word dinosaur comes from words meaning ________.

all over the world
We know that dinosaurs lived in many different places because dinosaur bones have been found ___________.

Paleontologists can make good guesses about the appearance of a dinosaur by looking at its ___________.

The Behemoth, Leviathan, dragons, and flying serpents described in the Bible may have been _________.

______________occurs when the last of a certain plant or animal dies.

disease, food, weather
Extinction for many plants and animals can be caused by ______, lack of ________, or changes in the _________.

Birds developed from dinosaurs

Dinosaurs and man lived at the same time.

Most animals outside of the ark were destroyed by the Flood.

What are two things that fossils may tell us about dinosaurs?
Movement and body structure.

How do we know that dinosaurs and man lived at the same time?
Because the Bible tells us there were creatures and scientists believe those creatures were dinosaurs.