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Biomedical ethics Essay

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People with disabilities
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A common charge against genetic testing to prevent birth impairments is that it amounts to disrespect or discrimination against
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Eugenics
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The deliberate attempt to improve the genetic makeup of humans by manipulating reproduction is known as
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Blastocysts
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Most of the moral controversy over embryonic stem cells has focused on their source which is mainly
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Immoral
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Those who believe that embryos have the moral status of persons are likely to view embryonic stem cell research as
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Eugenics
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Some argue that gene therapy should not be permitted because it amounts to
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Morally acceptable
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Those who believe that early embryos have less than full moral status but are still deserving of some respect usually regard embryonic stem cell research as
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Common
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Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is
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Genetic control
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Some reasons for genetic testing include all of the following except
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The duty to warn
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Some of the moral issues involved in gene therapy include all of the following except
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The right to a fair trial
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Some of the moral issues involved in genetic testing include all of the following except
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Carrier testing should be required
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According to Laura Purdy
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None of the above
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According to Purdy moral minimalism regarding the morality of comceiving children is the view that
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Genetic discrimination
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The use of genetic information by employers, insurance companies, and others to discriminate against or stigmatize people is known as
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Some of the arguments against genetic testing should be rejected
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Jeff McMahon thinks that
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Ought not to participate in purposefully creating deaf children
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Dena Davis argues that genetic counselors
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Attempts to cure genetic dysfunction and attempts to enhance genetic function
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John Harris thinks that there is no moral difference between
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It creates unfair advantage with respect to goods like beauty and intelligence
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Walter flan on thinks that the main reason why genetic enhancement is wrong is
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That we not use embryos frivolously
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Bonnie Steinbeck thinks that “respect for embryos” requires
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Legal
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Passive euthanasia (both voluntary and nonvolyntary) is
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Active euthanasia
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Performing an action that directly causes someone to die- what most people think of as “mercy killing” -is called
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The principle of autonomy
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The strongest argument offered to support active voluntary euthanasia is derived from
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False
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Many gene therapies have been approved for routine use
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True
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physicians have debated whether they should reveal to a patient the results of a genetic test showing that he or she is at a high risk for an unpreventable, untreatable disease
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True
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The core question in public disputes about embryonic stem cells is whether it is morally permissible to destroy human embryos in a search for cures.
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True
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25. Genetic testing is now available for over 1,000 diseases
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False
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26. Genetic tests almost always yield definitive answers
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True
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27. Even when genetic tests correctly predict a genetic disorder, they usually cannot foretell how severe its symptoms will be or when they will appear.
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False
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28. Direct-to-consumer genetic tests are reliable, useful, and safe
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True
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29. Many symptomless people at risk for Huntington’s disease decide not to be tested.
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False
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30. Genetic discrimination is prohibited by law.
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True
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31. Some bioethicists have insisted that discrimination or disrespect for persons is not entailed by genetic testing.
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True
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32. Walter Glannon argues that the intentional creation of genetic advantage is morally wrong.
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False
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33. Bonnie Steinbock thinks that there is a moral difference between embryos created for research purposes and spare embryos.
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True
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34. Bonnie Steinbock thinks that embryos are morally significant in a way that other human cells are not.`
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False
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35. Laura Purdy thinks that we don’t have a duty to be tested for genetic defects if we want to have children.
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False
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36. Jeff McMahan thinks that we should prohibit screen and selection
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False
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37. An example of voluntary active euthanasia is when a patient requests help with committing suicide.
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False
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38. An example of nonvoluntary euthanasia is when life-sustaining treatment is withheld under an advanced directive when a patient is unconscious
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False
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39. An example of involuntary euthanasia is when life-sustaining treatment is withheld under an advanced directive when a patient is unconscious
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True
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40. Some ethicists contend that there is a moral distinction between killing a patient and letting a patient die.
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True
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41. An example of voluntary passive euthanasia is when life-sustaining treatment is withheld under an advanced directive
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True
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42. The principle of beneficence advises that if we are in a position to relieve the suffering of another without excessive cost to ourselves, we should do it.
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True
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43. One argument against voluntary active euthanasia is that there is no difference between intending someone else’s death and not intending it, but foreseeing it.
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False
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44. Voluntary active euthanasia is legal in all fifty states.
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True
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45. The principle of autonomy is used to justify voluntary active euthanasia.