Biochemistry (Kahoot)

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the monomers of a polypeptide chain
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amino acid
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the basic unit of starch
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glucose
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the basic unit of RNA
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nucleotide
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the basic unit of cellulose
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glucose
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the basic unit of DNA
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nucleotide
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the basic unit of glycogen
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glucose
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energy source
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glucose
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the basic unit of proteins
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amino acid
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structural fiber in plant cell walls
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cellulose
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energy storage
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glycogen
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structural fiber in the exoskeleton of anthropods
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chitin
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water is essential to life. what property of water affects life less than others?
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nearly colorless
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what base is not found in DNA?
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uracil
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a nucleotide in DNA is made up of
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a base plus deoxyribose sugar plus phosphate
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DNA differs from RNA in that DNA
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contains deoxyribose
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in humans, what substance plays a central role as an energy source?
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carbohydrate
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which biological molecule is smallest due to being a subunit rather than a macromolecule?
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glucose
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an organism’s genetic information is stored in which type of marcromolecule?
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DNA
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the main function of cellulose, the most abundant organic compound on earth, is
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as an excellent structural material
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a monosaccharide is
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carbohydrate
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chemical reactants that absorb more energy than they release are called
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endothermic
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nucleotides
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are the monomers of DNA and RNA
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glycogen, used to store energy, is an example of what type of macromolecule
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carbohydrate
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RNA molecules are made of
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nucleotides
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______ are the main components of cell membranes
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phospholipids
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DNA
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contains protein building instructions
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proteins are polymers of
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amino acids
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starch and glycogen are different in that only one of them
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is made in plants
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the three most common atoms in the human body are
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hydrogen, oxygen, and carbon
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a nucleotide consists of a pentose sugar, a phosphate group and a(n)
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nitrogen-containing base
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the molecule shown is _______ having ______
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saturated; no carbon-carbon double bonds
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the most abundant compound in most living things is
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water
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amino acids are the building blocks of what macromolecule?
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protein
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if you were given a diagram of a nucleotide, you would expect to find __________, as its components
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a phosphate, a sugar, and a base
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the monomers that make up polymeric carbohydrates like starch are called
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monosaccharides
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the four types of macromolecules in an organism are lipids, carbohydrates, nucleic acids and
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proteins
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a ______ is formed when a _______ is dissolved in a _________.
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solution; solute; solvent
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maltose, which is composed of two glucose units, can be classified as a
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disarccharide
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the molecule shown here is _______ having __________
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unsaturated; a carbon-carbon double bond
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many proteins function as
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enzymes

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