Art Chapter 20 – Flashcards

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Masks and masking played important roles in some Indian cultures. The Kwakiutl mask called Crooked Beak
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is one of four monstrous beings who eat human flesh
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One similarity between the feather cloaks of Hawaii and the meetinghouses of the Maori people of New Zealand is that
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both embody ideas about the order of society and the protective powers of the gods
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In the tumbaga pendant depicting a ruler, birds unfold like wings on either side of his head, representing
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sprint alter egos that give access to the other world
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The Aborigines of Australia
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arrived by sea as early as 50,000 years ago from Southeast Asia
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One Mesoamerican culture is often called the "mother culture" because it seemed to have institutionalized the features that mark later civilizations in the region. To which culture does this term refer?
answer
the Olmec
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The Tairona ornament made of tumbaga was fashioned using the technique of
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lost-wax casting
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In the Tolai spirit society known as duk duk, the duk duk are
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male spirits who punish lawbreakers
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Although no one know for certain how long people have lived in the Americans, the earliest-known evidence points to human habitations from about
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12,000 years ago
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The monumental sculptures of Easter Island
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were carved from volcanic stone in the island's mountains
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Many Mimbres ceramics recovered from graves have been shattered or pierced. This may represent
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the breaking of the vessel of the human body in death
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The ability to decipher Mayan writing has shifted our understanding of Mayan art. Whereas scholars previously believed Mayan art's purpose was to ______, they now believed it to have been_____
answer
present stories of the gods; almost entirely concerned with history
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The Yucatan Peninsula was home to the civilizations of the Maya. All but which of the following have been acknowledged as accomplishments of the Mayan culture?
answer
oil painting
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The use of gold in the Americas was
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first developed in Peru
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A kiva is a large, underground ceremonial chamber of the _____ people
answer
Anasazi
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The term "pre-Colimbian" is currently questioned as a description of the cultures in the Americas before the arrival of Columbus because
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the cultures did not think of themselves as coming "before" anything
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One god in the Aztec pantheon was Quetzalcoatl, who played an important role in the survival of this culture by
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bringing rain and water through windstorms
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Several cultures are known collectively as the "mound builders" The most famous of the mounds still visible is
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The Serpent Mound
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The Moche of South America left a substantial record of art that includes
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tens of thousands of ceramic objects, often depicting kneeling warriors
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_____was considered a sacred substance by many North American peoples and the vehicle for delivery became a sculptural art form
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Tobacco
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Like the ziggurats of Mesopotamia, _____pyramids were symbolically understood as mountains
answer
Mesoamerican
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A culture whose speech was rich in metaphors was the
answer
Aztec
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question
Masks and masking played important roles in some Indian cultures. The Kwakiutl mask called Crooked Beak
answer
is one of four monstrous beings who eat human flesh
question
One similarity between the feather cloaks of Hawaii and the meetinghouses of the Maori people of New Zealand is that
answer
both embody ideas about the order of society and the protective powers of the gods
question
In the tumbaga pendant depicting a ruler, birds unfold like wings on either side of his head, representing
answer
sprint alter egos that give access to the other world
question
The Aborigines of Australia
answer
arrived by sea as early as 50,000 years ago from Southeast Asia
question
One Mesoamerican culture is often called the "mother culture" because it seemed to have institutionalized the features that mark later civilizations in the region. To which culture does this term refer?
answer
the Olmec
question
The Tairona ornament made of tumbaga was fashioned using the technique of
answer
lost-wax casting
question
In the Tolai spirit society known as duk duk, the duk duk are
answer
male spirits who punish lawbreakers
question
Although no one know for certain how long people have lived in the Americans, the earliest-known evidence points to human habitations from about
answer
12,000 years ago
question
The monumental sculptures of Easter Island
answer
were carved from volcanic stone in the island's mountains
question
Many Mimbres ceramics recovered from graves have been shattered or pierced. This may represent
answer
the breaking of the vessel of the human body in death
question
The ability to decipher Mayan writing has shifted our understanding of Mayan art. Whereas scholars previously believed Mayan art's purpose was to ______, they now believed it to have been_____
answer
present stories of the gods; almost entirely concerned with history
question
The Yucatan Peninsula was home to the civilizations of the Maya. All but which of the following have been acknowledged as accomplishments of the Mayan culture?
answer
oil painting
question
The use of gold in the Americas was
answer
first developed in Peru
question
A kiva is a large, underground ceremonial chamber of the _____ people
answer
Anasazi
question
The term "pre-Colimbian" is currently questioned as a description of the cultures in the Americas before the arrival of Columbus because
answer
the cultures did not think of themselves as coming "before" anything
question
One god in the Aztec pantheon was Quetzalcoatl, who played an important role in the survival of this culture by
answer
bringing rain and water through windstorms
question
Several cultures are known collectively as the "mound builders" The most famous of the mounds still visible is
answer
The Serpent Mound
question
The Moche of South America left a substantial record of art that includes
answer
tens of thousands of ceramic objects, often depicting kneeling warriors
question
_____was considered a sacred substance by many North American peoples and the vehicle for delivery became a sculptural art form
answer
Tobacco
question
Like the ziggurats of Mesopotamia, _____pyramids were symbolically understood as mountains
answer
Mesoamerican
question
A culture whose speech was rich in metaphors was the
answer
Aztec