Art Ch. 6, 7, & 10 – Flashcards

question
Why did Edgar Degas draw a grid over his study of a dancer?
answer
To make it easier to copy
question
The __________ are credited with the invention of paper around 105 C.E.
answer
Chinese
question
The coloring material in virtually all drawing media is known as __________.
answer
Pigment
question
Which media is the most forgiving of mistakes and changes of decisions?
answer
Graphite
question
Historically in silverpoint, lines were drawn with a silver __________ onto a surface coated with bone dust.
answer
Wire
question
Sol LeWitt's "Wall Drawiing #766" is an example of __________ __________.
answer
Conceptual Art
question
Chris Ofili created "Prince Among Flowers" using __________ as his medium.
answer
Pencil
question
The main difference between crayons and chalk is that __________ __________ __________.
answer
Crayons are oily
question
Raymond Pettibon often complicates the meanings of his drawings with __________.
answer
Installations
question
The style used by Georges Seurat in "Cafe Concert" is __________ and __________.
answer
Impressionism and pointillism
question
Julie Mehretu's use of the rapidograph and translucent mylar intentionally evoke __________ __________.
answer
Architectural drafting
question
Pablo Picasso's study for "Guernica" can best be described as __________ drawings.
answer
Cartoon
question
Because this 20th-century artist dated most of his drawings over the course of his lifetime, we have nearly a complete visual record of his mind at work.
answer
Picasso
question
This artist combined acrylics with quilting.
answer
Faith Ringgold
question
A mixture of white pigment and glue.
answer
Gesso
question
The surface on which the artist works on.
answer
Support
question
Painting in wet plaster.
answer
Fresco
question
Preliminary/full size drawing.
answer
Cartoon
question
Thin/translucent
answer
Glaze
question
Thick application of paint.
answer
Impasto
question
Pasting bits of paper, cloth or other material to the surface.
answer
Collage
question
Pieces of tile, glass, or stone fitted together to make a pattern or image.
answer
Mosaic
question
This artist is considered one of the leading figures in 20th century American art. He studied at the Harlem Art Workshop and worked for the WPS during the Great Depression.
answer
Jacob Lawrence
question
This 20th century artist was a master of the fresco technique; he created the work "Mixtec Culture".
answer
Diego Rivera
question
This painting technique first used in Egypt, Greece and Rome involves the use of wax.
answer
Encaustic
question
In bueno fresco, or true fresco, pigments are mixed with water and applied to a __________ __________.
answer
Plaster Support
question
After building a canvas and before painting, a painter generally applies a coat of __________.
answer
Primer
question
Watercolor's primary characteristic is it's __________ __________.
answer
Aqueous medium
question
Two ancient painting media that are still used today are __________ and __________ __________.
answer
Oil and ink sticks
question
In oil painting, linseed oil acts as the __________.
answer
Binder
question
The first acclaimed artist to understand and exploit oil painting was __________.
answer
Jan van Eyck
question
This watercolor that has been made opaque by adding insert white pigment to the color.
answer
Gouache
question
This new synthetic paint challenged oils as the principal painting medium.
answer
Acrylic paints
question
Pope Julius II employed these Italian Renaissance artist to paint frescos for him. Who were they?
answer
Michelangelo and Raphael
question
Picasso and Braque developed a technique called __________ created by gluing bits of paper to the canvas.
answer
Collage
question
A __________ paint is one that dissolves in something other than water.
answer
Nonaqueous
question
Define Alla prima
answer
All in one go
question
One of the most celebrated 19th century artists; he created posters for a famous dance hall. Name the artist and the dance hall.
answer
Lautrec; Moulin Rouge
question
The ancient symbol from Chinese philosophy that embodies a worldview of mutual independence is called __________.
answer
Yin-yang
question
__________ __________ has it's roots in the printing press and the industrial revolution.
answer
Graphic design
question
This graphic design team developed the familiar set of symbols used today to communicate information across language barriers to international travelers.
answer
Cook and Shanonsky
question
This is often the first and key element in creating a complete corporate identity program.
answer
Logo
question
An image created to accompany words is called an __________.
answer
Illustration
question
The arrangement and appearance of letters in graphic design is called __________.
answer
Typography
question
This is the designer's blueprint for books and magazines and other works in print.
answer
Layout
question
Cassidy Curtis's "Graffiti Archaeology is organized by __________ and __________- which is used to effectively display its subject.
answer
Location and time
question
In 1525, with the advent of movable type this artist created a unified alphabet that could be mass produced.
answer
Albert Durer
question
The American graphic designer who created some of the most memorable logos for IBM, UPS, and ABC.
answer
Paul Rand
question
When was the iPod launched?
answer
2001
question
He was one of the first artists to acknowledge the power of graphic design to become part of our personal world.
answer
Andy Warhol
question
Fernando Sarmiento was one of the founders of an animation and design studio called __________.
answer
Peppermelon
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question
Why did Edgar Degas draw a grid over his study of a dancer?
answer
To make it easier to copy
question
The __________ are credited with the invention of paper around 105 C.E.
answer
Chinese
question
The coloring material in virtually all drawing media is known as __________.
answer
Pigment
question
Which media is the most forgiving of mistakes and changes of decisions?
answer
Graphite
question
Historically in silverpoint, lines were drawn with a silver __________ onto a surface coated with bone dust.
answer
Wire
question
Sol LeWitt's "Wall Drawiing #766" is an example of __________ __________.
answer
Conceptual Art
question
Chris Ofili created "Prince Among Flowers" using __________ as his medium.
answer
Pencil
question
The main difference between crayons and chalk is that __________ __________ __________.
answer
Crayons are oily
question
Raymond Pettibon often complicates the meanings of his drawings with __________.
answer
Installations
question
The style used by Georges Seurat in "Cafe Concert" is __________ and __________.
answer
Impressionism and pointillism
question
Julie Mehretu's use of the rapidograph and translucent mylar intentionally evoke __________ __________.
answer
Architectural drafting
question
Pablo Picasso's study for "Guernica" can best be described as __________ drawings.
answer
Cartoon
question
Because this 20th-century artist dated most of his drawings over the course of his lifetime, we have nearly a complete visual record of his mind at work.
answer
Picasso
question
This artist combined acrylics with quilting.
answer
Faith Ringgold
question
A mixture of white pigment and glue.
answer
Gesso
question
The surface on which the artist works on.
answer
Support
question
Painting in wet plaster.
answer
Fresco
question
Preliminary/full size drawing.
answer
Cartoon
question
Thin/translucent
answer
Glaze
question
Thick application of paint.
answer
Impasto
question
Pasting bits of paper, cloth or other material to the surface.
answer
Collage
question
Pieces of tile, glass, or stone fitted together to make a pattern or image.
answer
Mosaic
question
This artist is considered one of the leading figures in 20th century American art. He studied at the Harlem Art Workshop and worked for the WPS during the Great Depression.
answer
Jacob Lawrence
question
This 20th century artist was a master of the fresco technique; he created the work "Mixtec Culture".
answer
Diego Rivera
question
This painting technique first used in Egypt, Greece and Rome involves the use of wax.
answer
Encaustic
question
In bueno fresco, or true fresco, pigments are mixed with water and applied to a __________ __________.
answer
Plaster Support
question
After building a canvas and before painting, a painter generally applies a coat of __________.
answer
Primer
question
Watercolor's primary characteristic is it's __________ __________.
answer
Aqueous medium
question
Two ancient painting media that are still used today are __________ and __________ __________.
answer
Oil and ink sticks
question
In oil painting, linseed oil acts as the __________.
answer
Binder
question
The first acclaimed artist to understand and exploit oil painting was __________.
answer
Jan van Eyck
question
This watercolor that has been made opaque by adding insert white pigment to the color.
answer
Gouache
question
This new synthetic paint challenged oils as the principal painting medium.
answer
Acrylic paints
question
Pope Julius II employed these Italian Renaissance artist to paint frescos for him. Who were they?
answer
Michelangelo and Raphael
question
Picasso and Braque developed a technique called __________ created by gluing bits of paper to the canvas.
answer
Collage
question
A __________ paint is one that dissolves in something other than water.
answer
Nonaqueous
question
Define Alla prima
answer
All in one go
question
One of the most celebrated 19th century artists; he created posters for a famous dance hall. Name the artist and the dance hall.
answer
Lautrec; Moulin Rouge
question
The ancient symbol from Chinese philosophy that embodies a worldview of mutual independence is called __________.
answer
Yin-yang
question
__________ __________ has it's roots in the printing press and the industrial revolution.
answer
Graphic design
question
This graphic design team developed the familiar set of symbols used today to communicate information across language barriers to international travelers.
answer
Cook and Shanonsky
question
This is often the first and key element in creating a complete corporate identity program.
answer
Logo
question
An image created to accompany words is called an __________.
answer
Illustration
question
The arrangement and appearance of letters in graphic design is called __________.
answer
Typography
question
This is the designer's blueprint for books and magazines and other works in print.
answer
Layout
question
Cassidy Curtis's "Graffiti Archaeology is organized by __________ and __________- which is used to effectively display its subject.
answer
Location and time
question
In 1525, with the advent of movable type this artist created a unified alphabet that could be mass produced.
answer
Albert Durer
question
The American graphic designer who created some of the most memorable logos for IBM, UPS, and ABC.
answer
Paul Rand
question
When was the iPod launched?
answer
2001
question
He was one of the first artists to acknowledge the power of graphic design to become part of our personal world.
answer
Andy Warhol
question
Fernando Sarmiento was one of the founders of an animation and design studio called __________.
answer
Peppermelon