Art Appreciation Review 1

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what is thorough description
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the first step to thorough interpretation
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what is thorough description key to
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thorough interpretation
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what is description
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the physical attributes
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what is interpretation
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the state of beings, concepts, context, ideas, and emotional state
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what are the 4 roles of the artist
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1. artists help us to see the world in new or innovative ways 2. artists makes a visual record of the people, places, and events of their time and place 3. artists make functional objects and structures more pleasurable by imbuing them with meaning 4. artists give form to immaterial ideas and things (hidden or universal truths, spiritual forces, and personal feelings)
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which role of the artist does \”art elevates the commonplace\” fall under
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seeing the world in new/innovative ways
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which role of the artist does \”art immortalizes\” fall under
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seeing the world in new/innovative ways
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which role of the artist does \”art creates order and harmony\” fall under
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seeing the world in new/innovative ways
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which role of the artist does \”art stimulates the intellect and fires the emotions\” fall under
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seeing the world in new/innovative ways
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which role of the artist does \”art records and comrades\” fall under
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making a visual record of the people, places, and events of their time and place
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which role of the artist does \”art reflects social and cultural contexts\” fall under
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making a visual record of the people, places, and events of their time and place
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which role of the artist does \”art create beauty and enhances our environment\” fall under
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making functional objects and structures more pleasurable by imbuing them with meaning
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which role of the artist does \”art elevates the commonplace\” fall under
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making functional objects and structures more pleasurable by imbuing them with meaning
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which role of the artist does \”art reveals the truth\” fall under
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giving form to immaterial ideas and things (hidden/universal truths, spiritual forces, and personal feelings)
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which role of the artist does \”art expresses religious beliefs\” fall under
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giving form to immaterial ideas and things (hidden/universal truths, spiritual forces, and personal feelings)
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which role of the artist does \”art expresses fantasy\” fall under
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giving form to immaterial ideas and things (hidden/universal truths, spiritual forces, and personal feelings)
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what is the NEA
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national endowment for the arts where american-funded organization to educate the people about the arts
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what is iconography
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the study or description of images and symbols
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what is active seeing
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the act of understanding that is filtered through a long history of fears, prejudices, emotions, customs, beliefs, etc. and learn to look more closely at the visual world
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why should one study art
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to open our perspectives in seeing the details and other areas, to look beyond what is being seen, etc…
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what are 3 reasons to study art
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highest expression of culture, challenges assumptions and beliefs, and creates new visions and possibilities
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true or false: art teaches critical thinking skills
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true
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true or false: art cultivates moral and civic character
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true
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true or false: art teaches a student to answer questions
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false; art teaches a student to ask value-questions
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the book says we study the humanities because…
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they are awesome and are worth it
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the article says we study the humanities because…
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it teaches us how to think visually
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the video says we study the humanities because…
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we need to learn the importance of value-discernment
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why should christians study art
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christians believe humans are unique because humans can know and love God, humans can know and love each other, and humans can know and love creation
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our job is to…
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worship God, love one another, and cultivate creation
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what are the 3 steps of perception
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reception, extraction, inference
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two forms of visual editing
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empirical and symbolic
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what is the empirical form of visual editing
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the basic visual information
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what is the symbolic form of visual editing
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emotions, fear, desires, prejudices, etc
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what is visual literacy
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the ability to communicate visual principles using written or oral language
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words refer via _______
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extraction
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images refer via _______
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reproduction
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true or false: we cannot see everything
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true
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true or false: humans see things similarly
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false; humans see things differently
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how do images describe the world
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through subject matter and content, through different styles, and within a culture
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what is subject matter
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what the image really depicts
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what is content
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what the image means
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representational art
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art the contains and represents a subject realistically
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abstract art
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art that twists the subject until it is almost unrecognizable
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non-representational art
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art that leaves the subject nature completely behind
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what are the 6 functions of line
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1. use lines to suggest forms, shapes or masses 2. use lines to create depth, texture and light 3. suggest direction and movement 4. give focus and structure to a composition 5. convey emotion 6. make social, political, and economic statements
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outline
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creates a 2D shape
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contour
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creates a 3D shape
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shape
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a flat, 2D area that can be measured in terms of height and width
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mass
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a solid that occupies 3D volume; it must be measured in terms of height, width and depth,where density and weight are implied
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what are the three types of perspective
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overlapping, linear, and atmospheric
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photorealism
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a drawing or painting so realistic in appearance that is appears to be a photograph
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realism
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the desire to describe the world in a way unadulterated by the imaginative and idealist tendencies of the Romantic sensibility
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true or false: light comes in wavelengths
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true
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true or false: light is neither absorbed or reflected
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false; light is either absorbed or reflected
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true or false: there is a shadow if light is reflected off of a surface
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true
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chiascuro
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the balance of light and dark in an image
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modeling
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the shading, brightening, and darkening of a 2D shape to grant a 3D look
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tenebrism
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the contrast of light and dark in an image
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shade
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when you add dark to a color
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tint
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when you add light to a color
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true or false: all objects have pigment in them
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true
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saturation
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the brightness or intensity of the colors
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what are the two palettes that an artist can use
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warm palette and cool palette
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local color
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natural color; the color of an object when viewed up close and in natural lighting
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arbitrary color
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any color that artists use to effect an emotional response from the viewer
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true or false: color symbolizes different things to different people
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true
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the symbolic value of color is _____ universal
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NOT
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what are the primary colors
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red, yellow, blue
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what are the secondary colors
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orange, green, purple
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what are the intermediate or tertiary colors
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red-orange, yellow-orange, yellow-green, blue-green, blue-violet, red-violet
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what are warm colors
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red, orange, yellow
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what are cool colors
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green, blue, purple
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what is impasto
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paint applied very thickly to a canvas or support
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what is trompe l’oeil
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\”fool or deceive the eye\”; where the painting that looks as if it is an actual thing
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what is a composition
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the entire artwork itself
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what is form
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overall structure of a work of art
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negative space
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empty spaces that acquire a sense of volume and form by means of the outline or frame that surrounds them
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what is the subtractive process
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color mixture of reflected pigments resulting in the absence of color which is black
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what is the additive process
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color mixture of refracted light resulting in the color white
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complementary colors
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hues that lie opposite each other on the color wheel
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polychromatic
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entire range of hues in a wide variety of keys and intensities
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monochromatic
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use of one hue
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perceptual color
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color as perceived by the eye
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texture
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surface quality of a work
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pattern
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a repetitive motif or design
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unity and variety
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how the composition is put together and how it coexists together
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time and motion
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primary elements of temporal media, linear rather than spatial in character
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rhythm
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effect achieved when shapes, colors, or a regular pattern of any kind is repeated over and over again
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scale
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comparative size of an object in relation to the other objects and settings
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proportion
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the relationship between the parts to each other and to the whole
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vanishing point
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point on the horizon line where parallel lines appear to converge
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focal point
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center of visual attraction
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what are the 3 types of texture
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actual, visual, subversive
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actual texture
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actual tactile sensation that the artwork achieves
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visual texture
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illusion of texture that artists attempt to create with color, shading, and other techniques in their work
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subversive texture
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sort of texture that asks the viewer to look again at an object that they might have taken for granted
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frottage
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technique of putting a sheet of paper over textured surfaces and then rubbing with a soft pencil across the paper
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what are the 3 types of time
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actual + motion, implied + motion, stroboscopic + motion
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balance
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even distribution of weight in a composition
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actual weight
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the physical weight of materials in pounds
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visual weight
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apparent \”heaviness\” or \”lightness\” of a shape or form
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symmetry
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when two halves of a composition correspond with one another in terms of size, shape, and placement of forms

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