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Argumentative writing vocab

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Argument
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Speech or writing that states a position or claim and uses reasons and evidence to support that claim including rebuttals to possible counterclaims argument
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Citations
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Information put inside parentheses at the end of a quote to give credit to the source of the quote citations
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Claim
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The writers position on a controversy claim
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Commentary
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The explanation the author gives to show how quoted evidence supports the argument commentary
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Counterclaim
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Objections that opponents of the claim may make to try to prove that the claim is not valid counterclaim
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Evidence
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Reasons and data that support the authors claim evidence
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Fact
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Evidence that can be objectively proven with measurable data fact
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Fallacy
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A false argument or false use of evidence fallacy
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Hook
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The introduction to an argumentative essay which grabs the readers attention and focus is the essay on the controversy hook
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Parallelism
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The statement of more than one reason or argument in the same grammatical structure to show that the reason or argument are equal in value and importance parallelism
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Position statement
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A sentence that states the authors claim about a controversy and which can include the reason using parallel is position statement
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Rebuttal
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The reasoning the author uses to respond to a counterclaim and prove that it is not valid rebuttal
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Rhetorical devices
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Ways of writing that help the author make a powerful argument and effectively support the claim rhetorical devices
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Rhetorical question
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A question and author uses in an argumentative essay which does not require an answer but which requires the reader to consider the claim and encourages the reader to give the answer the author desires rhetorical questions
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Signal tag
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A phrase it introduces quoted information signal tag
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Support
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Reasoning and evidence and quoted material that explain the validity of the authors claim support
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Validity
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The reason and supporting truth of a claim validity
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Works cited page
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An alphabetical listing of sources that were quoted in the essay listed on his own page with MLA required information about each source works cited page
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Refute
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To show that a counterclaim is not valid or fully supported refute
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Controversy
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The issue problem or question for which there may not be one right answer or solution Controversy