APWH Chapters 6-8

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What was a pueblo?
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An adobe communal house in Anasazi lands.
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The Persian empire which experienced defeats at the hands of the Arab armies was the
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Sassanid.
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The caliphate that is often described as the Abbasid \”Golden Age\” was the reign of
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Harun al-Rashid.
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Muhammad’s teachings
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stressed that Islam was not just a religion but also a way of life.
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The Mongols
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were unable to capture Egypt, due to the effective resistance of the Mamelukes.
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Trade along East Africa and across the Indian ocean was facilitated by
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a string of islands making distances between landfall shorter.
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The geographical obstacle which divides Africa’s northern coast from the rest of the continent
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is the Sahara Desert.
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All of the following were true about the spread of Arab control except
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if an individual chose not to become a Muslim, he still had to participate in mandatory military service.
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Which of the following statements about the Sahara Desert is true?
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At one point, it was an area that was green and flourishing with life.
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The local chieftain of a Mali farming village was called a
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mansa.
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Social practices typical in many African societies included
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both a lineage system that was often matrilineal rather than patrilineal and behavior patterns between the sexes that were more relaxed than those found in other societies.
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The theoretical purpose of jihad was to
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strive in the way of the Lord.
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The city that replaced Baghad as the greatest Muslim city and the focus of trade was
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Cairo.
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The people of North Africa, who served as trade intermediaries for the great trans-Saharan commerce, were the
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Berbers.
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The center of the Muslim state in Spain was
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Andalusia
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The Frankish leader who defeated a Muslim army near Tours in 732 was
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Charles Martel.
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The great river that dominates the western region of Africa, the so-called \”hump of Africa,\” is the
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Niger.
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The San
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linguistically were related to the Khoi, distinguished by the use of \”clicking\” sounds.
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Among the mounted nomads who came to dominate much of the southwestern plains of North America after 1500 C.E. were the
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Apache and Navajo.
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The Olmec peoples
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developed a system of hieroglyphics.
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A significant characteristic of South American agriculture is
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dependence on extensive, complex irrigation of crops.
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What was the chief reason for migration of peoples in North Africa to go east and south to resettle?
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Drying up of the Saharan grasslands.
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A primary contribution of Arab scholarship was the
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preservation and dissemination of the science and philosophies of ancient civilizations.
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One of the key reasons for the Arab empire’s success in developing trade was
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mastering the latest in naval technology.
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The Shi’ite capital at Cairo was established under the dynasty of the
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Fatimids.
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Which of the following is NOT one of the Five Pillars of Islam?
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Recognition of Abu-Bakr as the legitimate caliph
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Andalusian caliphate was centered on
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Cordoba
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The first areas of Islamic expansion were to
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the Byzantine and Sassanid empires
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The great mosque constructed in Jerusalem at the site of the old temple is the
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Dome of the Rock.
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Anasazi society possibly declined for all of the following reasons except
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extensive floods.
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The Kingdom of Mali
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maintained a very active pro-Islamic policy under Mansa Musa.
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In regard to the urban life of African towns, it can be said that
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they usually developed from smaller, fortified walled villages.
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Which of the following is NOT a characteristic shared by the civilizations of the Western Hemisphere with those of the Old World?
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Iron smelting
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Which of the following is an accurate statement about the Arab Empire?
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It created an era of great economic prosperity in the Middle East region in the Abbasid era.
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All of the following were true about the southern African state of Zimbabwe except
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it played no significant role in the gold trade with the Swahili states to the east.
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Which of the following is not true of the Olmec culture?
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It developed in the high, mountainous areas of central Mexico.
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The following were true about the trans-Sahara caravan trade except
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it brought the first Islamic traders to central Africa in the first century B.C.E.
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All of the following are correct about the land of Zanj except
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it was ruled by the Zagwe and Azim dynasties for 400 years.
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Which of the following statements accurately depicts the nature of the African lineage group?
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It was similar in many respects to the clan in China and the caste system in India.
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Which of the following is not a valid observation about the ancient civilization of the Kush?
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It spread its empire to the north by driving the Romans out of Egypt.
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The Aztec capital of Tenochtitlán was unusual because:
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it was centered on an island in the middle of Lake Texcoco
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A unique aspect of the ancient Ethiopian civilization was the fact that
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it adopted the form of Christianity practiced in Egypt.
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Which of the following was not true about the spread of Islam in Africa?
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It interfered with the efforts of African rulers to strengthen their power.
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The city to which Muhammad went to in 622, a journey known as the Hijrah, was
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Medina.
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The son-in-law and cousin of Muhammad who was murdered after he became caliph was
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Ali.
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Organized resistance to the Christian crusaders from Europe was led by the former Fatimid vizier
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Saladin
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The Muslims who sought a mystical relationship with Allah were the
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Sufis.
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The great iron-working culture of northern Nigeria was the
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Nok.
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Which of the following was NOT a detrimental factor in the technological development of the peoples of the Western Hemisphere?
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Lack of established trade routes.
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The largest city in North America until 19th century Philadelphia was located at
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Cahokia.
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Which of the following states developed in the center of Africa?
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Luba
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The first civilization in Mesoamerica was the
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Olmec.
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The Inka capital was
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Cuzco.
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African culture
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is notable for its use of bards to retain and spread communal history and religious beliefs.
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Muhammad was
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not widely accepted for many years after he announced his religious revelations.
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The lowest and most basic level of African social groupings was the
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nuclear family.
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The civilization of the Inka
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constructed an impressive system of roads and bridges throughout its extensive domain.
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Islam is
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monotheistic.
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In addition to being Islam’s sacred book, the Qur’an
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also provides the ethical foundation for life.
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In general terms, it can be said that Islamic society
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relied heavily on religious doctrine to determine proper behavior in the areas of politics, economics, law, and ethics.
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The Ka’aba
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Correct Answer: was the shrine in Mecca containing a large black meteorite.
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A Malay settlement was established on the island of
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Madagascar.
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Competition to Meroe’s economic predominance came from
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Axum.
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The distinctively carved stone pillars used to mark the tombs of Axum kings are known as
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stelae.
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The vast grasslands that border the great desert region of the Sahara are known as
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savannahs.
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Slavery in Africa
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went back to ancient times, long before the arrival of the Europeans.
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Which of the following is NOT true for women in the Islamic world?
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She could determine the acceptability of her husband’s other wives.
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The ruling member of a Bedouin tribe was called the
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sheikh.
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The Muslim sect who were the \”partisans of Ali\” are the
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Shi’ites.
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The family of languages spoken by people who inhabit the region south of the Sahara Desert and Axum is
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Bantu.
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The capital of the Abbasid empire was
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Baghdad.
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All of the following statements about the arrival of Islam in Africa are true except
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Berber resistance blocked Arab expansion to the westward continental limits until after 1200.
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If one traveled south from the grasslands of central Africa, one would reach the region of
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some of the world’s richest deposits of minerals.
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Before Islam developed in Africa,
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most African societies already had well-developed systems of religious belief.
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During the Abbasid dynasty,
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the caliphs were more like kings than spiritual leaders.
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In southern Africa,
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an integration of Khoisan and Bantu-speaking peoples took place.
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Axum was
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founded possibly by migrants from the Kingdom of Saba/Sheba in the Arabian Peninsula.
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Which of the following is not accurate?
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The Olmecs adopted many aspects of Inka culture.
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The original reason for the rise of the kingdom of Ghana was
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the role it played in the gold trade.
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Which of the following is the earliest form of surviving architecture found in Africa?
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the pyramids of Egypt
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Shi’ite Islam differs from other factions in its support of
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the Abbasid Caliphate
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The military defeat of the Byzantine armies by the Seljuk Turks, which led to the Crusades, was the Battle of
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Manzikert.
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In regard to state building in West Africa, it can be said that
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Ghana was the first great commercial state there.
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The Seljuk Turks were initially incorporated into the Abbasid caliphate as
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mercenary soldiers
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The earliest collective civilization in the Central Andes was
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Inka
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Caliph (or khalifa) literally means
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successor.
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The Koran, or Qur’an,
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was derived from the revelations of Muhammad.
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The Kingdom of Ghana
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exported gold, leather goods, slaves, and ostrich feathers.
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The Hadith and Shari’a
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were, respectively, a collection of Muhammad’s sayings and a law code.
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The official calendar of Islam begins
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with the occurrence of the Hijrah.
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The Ethiopian Christian dynasty which experienced a long-lasting conflict with African Muslims was the
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Zagwe.

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