APUSH Unit 4 Study Guide

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What issue greatly raised political stakes in the 1820s and 1830s?
answer

Slavery and whether or not a state would allow slavery when it came into union
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What two party political system emerged in the 1830’s to 1840s?
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The Democrats and the Whigs
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What the attitude of the public in the 1820s and 1830s regarding political parties?
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The public was more tolerant of political parties.
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What were the new techniques of politicking in the 1840s?
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banners, badges, baby kissing, drinks, parades
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What percentage did voter participation reach in the presidential election by the 1840s?
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80%
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Andrew Jackson
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recieved more popular votes than any other candidate in 1824
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Henry Clay
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was eliminated as a candidate when the election of 1824 was thrown into the House of Representatives
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When was John Quincy Adams charged with having struck a \”corrupt bargain?\”
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when he appointed Clay to become Secretary of State
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What did John Quincy Adams propose as president?
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naitonal university, national observatory, and national improvements
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What could John Quincy Adams be described as?
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a politician with great tact
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What were the weaknesses of John Quincy Adams?
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political ineptitude, tactless, deep nationalistic view, not popular (minority president)
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What was Andrew Jackson’s political philosophy based on?
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his suspicion of the federal government, focus on individualism, demand of support of subordinates, ignoring the supreme court
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What did Andrew Jackson’s inauguration symbolize?
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the common man
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What was he purpose behind the Spoils System?
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to reward political supporters with public office.
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Why was the Spoils System called the \”Spoils System?\”
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because it promoted government corruption
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What did the Spoils system under Andrew Jackson result in?
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the entrance of illiterate, incompetent, crooks in office. It affirmed the democratic ideal that one man was as good as another, and it helped build a strong two party system.
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Which section of the U.S. was most hurt by the Tariff of 1828?
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the South because they were heavy consumers of imported goods
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Why did Southerners fear the Tariff of 1828?
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because it gave too much power to the central government
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What was John C. Calhoun’s \”South Carolina Exposition\” an argument for?
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quieting fears, and preserving the union. Calhoun attacked the Tariff as unjust and unconstitutional.
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What did the nullification crisis of 1832-1833 erupt over?
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the Tariff policy
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Where did the strong regional support for the Tariff come from?
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The south and Calhoun
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What did the Force Bill of 1833 state?
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That Jackson could send troops to force South Carolina to obey federal law.
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Who was most responsible for defusing the tariff controversy that began in 1828?
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Andrew Jackson by issuing a proclamation to the People of South Carolina that tariff rates be lowered
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What did the nullification crisis of 1833 result in?
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a clear-cut victory for neither Andrew Jackson or the nullifiers.
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What did Andrew Jackson do in response to South Carolina’s nullification of the Tariff of 1828?
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he persuaded congress to pass a Force Bill giving the president the authority to take military action in South Carolina
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When did the Nullification crisis (started by South Carolina over the Tariff of 1828) end?
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when the Compromise Tariff of 1833 was issued.
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Why did Andrew Jackson’s administration support the removal of Native Americans from the eastern states?
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because he sympathized with land-hungry citizens who were impatient to take over lands previously held by Native Americans.
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How did white Americans treat the Native Americans?
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white Americans used trickery and coercion to get Indian land.
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What did the Cherokees do to assimilate themselves into white society?
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they learned the ways of the whites, they adopted a system of settled agriculture, they had private property with deeds, had a written legal code, and had cotton plantations and slaves.
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What was the policy of the Jackson administration toward the eastern Indian tribes?
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forced removal
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Why did Andrew Jackson and his supporters dislike the Bank of the United States?
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because of he president’s arrogance, Nicholas Biddle, suspicion arose that the bank abused it’s powers and served the interests of the wealthy.
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What charges did Andrew Jackson make against the Bank of the United states?
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the bank abused it’s powers and only served the interests of the wealthy, it was unconstitutional, and it was a private monopoly that enriched the wealthy and foreigners at the expense of the common people.
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What was a positive aspect of the Bank of the United States?
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it received federal deposits and attempted to serve a public purpose by cushioning the ups and downs of the national economy
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What was the second Bank of the United states a depository of?
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the funds of the national government
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What was the Bank of the United States denounced as in Andrew Jackson’s veto for the recharter bill?
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it was denounced a private monopoly that enriched the wealthy and foreigners at the expense of the common people.
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John C. Calhoun
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was vice president on the ticket of two presidential candidates in 1824

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