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APUSH Chapter 5

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All of the following are reasons the thirteen Atlantic seaboard colonies sought independence from Great Britain except
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a declining population in the thirteen Atlantic seaboard colonies
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Identify the statement that is false
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By 1775, the black population rose to over 1 million
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One feature common to all of the eventually rebellious colonies was their
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rapidly growing populations
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As a result of the rapid population growth in colonial America during the eighteenth century
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a momentous shift occurred in the balance of power between the colonies and the mother country
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The population growth of the American colonies by 1775 is attributed mostly to
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the natural fertility of all Americans
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The average age of the American colonists in 1775 was
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16
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By 1775, which of the following communities could not be considered a city in colonial America?
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Baltimore
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The Scots-Irish can best be described as
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pugnacious, lawless, and individualistic
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By the end of the 1700’s, what was the percentage of people living in rural areas of colonial America?
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90%
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With regard to governmental authority, the Scots-Irish colonists
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cherished no love for the British or any other government
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An armed march in Philadelphia in 1764 by Scots-Irish colonial immigrants, protesting the Quaker oligarchy’s lenient policy toward the Indians was known as
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March of the Paxton Boys
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In North Carolina, spearheaded by the Scots-Irish, a small insurrection against eastern domination of the colony’s affair was known as
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Regulator Movement
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By 1775, the ______ were the largest non-English ethnic group in colonial America
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Africans
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The population of the thirteen American colonies was
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perhaps the most diverse in the world, although it remained predominantly Anglo-Saxon
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The South held about ____ percent of the slaves in the 13 colonies of North America
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90%
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The most ethnically diverse region of colonial America was ______, whereas ______ was the least ethnically diverse.
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the middle colonies, New England
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Identify the statement that is false
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The population of the thirteen colonies, mainly Anglo-Saxon, was the least mixed to be found anywhere in the world
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Colonial immigrants laid the foundations for a new multicultural American national identity by
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intermarrying with people from other ethnic groups
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In contrast to the 17th century, by 1775, colonial Americans
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Had become more stratified into social classes
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On the eve of the American Revolution, social and economic mobility in the colonies decreased for all of the following reasons except
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the average size of New England farms increased dramatically
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By the mid-1700s, the number of poor people in the American colonies
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remained tiny compared with the number in England
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In 1760, fearful of heavy concentrations of resentful slaves, which colonial legislature unsuccessfully sought to pass legislation that would halt the further importation of slaves?
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South Carolina
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How did British authorities respond to efforts by colonial legislatures to restrict or halt the importation of slaves?
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British leaders vetoed such efforts
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The riches created by the growing slave population in the American South
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Were not distributed evenly among whites
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The most honored profession in early colonial society was
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the ministry
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One of the least honored and most haphazard professions in colonial society was a
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physician
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By the eighteenth century, the various colonial regions had distinct economic identities; the norther colonies relied on ____, the Chesapeake colonies relied on ____, and the southern colonies relied on _____.
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cattle and grain, tobacco, rice and indigo
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The leading industry in the American colonies was
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agriculture
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Which of the following were considered the most promising avenues to acquiring speedy wealth in the American colonies?
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commercial ventures and land speculation
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The triangular trade of the colonial American shipping industry
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involved the trading of rum for African slaves
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Identify the statement that is false
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The triangular trade was enormously profitable and made up most of the colonial commerce
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Although manufacturing in the colonies was of only secondary importance, the colonies did produce which of the following?
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All of these choices are correct
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The most important manufacturing enterprise in colonial America in the eighteenth century was
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lumbering
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What proportion of the British merchant marine fleet was American built?
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one-third
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Which of the following was not considered to be a colonial naval store?
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Glass
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one feature of the American economy that strained the relationship between the colonies and Britain was the
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growing desire of Americans to trade with other nations in addition to Britain
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The Molasses Act of 1733 was intended to
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inhibit colonial trade with the French West Indies
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American colonists sought trade with countries other than Great Britain
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because they needed markets besides Great Britain to sell their surplus goods and correct the colonies’ adverse trade imbalance with Britain
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Transportation in colonial America was
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slow by any of the means available
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Colonial american taverns were all of the following except
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frequented mainly by the lower class
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English officials tried to establish the Church of England in as many colonies as possible because
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the church would act as a major prop for royal authority
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In 1775, the ____ churches were the only two established (tax-supported) churches in particular colonies in America
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Congregational and Anglican
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Match each denomination on the left with the region where it predominated
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A-2, B-3, C-1
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As the revolution approached, Presbyterian and Congregational ministers in general
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supported the Revolutionary cause
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By the early eighteenth century, religion in colonial America was
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less fervid than when the colonies were established
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The main reason that Puritan churches were struggling in the eighteenth century was because
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parishioners found their theological doctrines too elaborate
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The religious doctrine of the Arminians held that
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individual free will determined a person’s eternal fate
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The New Light preachers of the Great Awakening
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delivered intensely emotional sermons
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The Great Awakening
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All of the above
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The time-honored English ideal, which Americans accepted for some time, regarded education as all of the following except
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essential training for citizenship
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To the Puritans, education was essential for
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reading the Bible
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Colonial schools and colleges placed their main emphasis on
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religion
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The first American college free from denominational control was
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the University of Pennsylvania
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Match the following description with the artist
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A-3, B-2, C-3, D-1
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All of the following contributed to the lack of development of art and artists in early colonial America except
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lack of talent among the Americans
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Art and culture in colonial America
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was generally undistinguished and unsupported by colonial patrons
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The person most often called the “first civilized American” was
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Benjamin Franklin
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All of the following are achievements of Benjamin Franklin except
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influential poetry
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All of the following are true statements about colonial newspapers on the eve of the Revolution except
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they were typically published twice a week
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The jury’s decision in the case of John Peter Zenger, a newspaper printer, was significant because
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it facilitated freedom of the press and a more robust public discussion of political affairs in the colonies
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one political principle that colonial Americans came to cherish above most others was
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self-taxation through representation
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By 1775, most governors of American colonies were
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appointed by the king
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Colonial legislatures were often able to bend the power of the governors to their will because
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colonial legislatures controlled taxes and expenditures that paid the governors’ salaries
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In colonial elections
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the right to vote was reserved for white male property holders
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By the mid-eighteenth century, the overwhelming majority of North American colonies shared all of the following similarities except
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full democratic participation by all colonists in political affairs, regardless of social and economic class
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Colonists throughout the eighteenth century universally enjoyed all of the following amusements except
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celebrating Christmas
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What was created by the mid-1700’s that helped connect the Atlantic seaboard colonies of Great Britain to each other in a more cohesive manner?
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an intercolonial postal system
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All of the following characterized “old light” clergymen except
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they were proponents of utilizing emotionalism and theatrics in religious preaching
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identify the statement that is false
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most of the early African immigrants gained their freedom
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All of the following are true conditions of the Chesapeake, as compared to the Deep South, except
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as the slave population began to rise, the development of a distinctive African American family life became impossible
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African American contributions to American culture include all of the following except
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all of the above
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the slave culture that developed in America
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included the distinctive cultural contributions of native-born African Americans
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All of the following can be said about slave culture in the colonies except
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it emerged from efforts by slave traders to suppress African speech, religion, and traditions
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Slave christianity emphasized all of the following in their faith excpet
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that they should be humble and obedient