APUSH chapter 21 vocab

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big stick dimplomacy
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Roosevelt’s philosophy – In international affairs, ask first but bring along a big army to help convince them. Threaten to use force, act as international policemen
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Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
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Roosevelt’s addition to the Monroe Doctrine that stated that U.S. would intervene w/ military force when necessary.
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Panama Canal
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The U.S. “stole” this canal from Columbia by backing a Panamanian revolt. Columbia was mad. We paid them $25 million in 1921 to make up for it
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Dollar Diplomacy
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Taft’s foreign policy which centered around promoting U.S. trade by supporting American enterprises abroad.
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Lusitana
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May 7, 1915 – British passenger ships were regularly sunk by German subs, but the ship had Americans aboard and brought the U.S. into the war. Germany promised to stop submarine warfare.
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Interventionists
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the people who wanted to prepare for war just in case.
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Zimmerman Telegram
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This message, from Germany to Mexico, was intercepted by Britain, then sent to the U.S. The telegram stated that if Mexico allied itself with Germany, Germany would help Mexico to take back portions of the U.S.
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Russian Revolution
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Czar Nicholas II had been overthrown in March 1917 by a group of forces who wanted change they wanted a republican government. Then, the radical Bolsheviks decided they also wanted change – from the new system headed by Alex Kerensky.
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Selective Service Act
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This 1917 law provided for the registration of all American men between the ages of 21 and 30 for a military draft. By the end of WWI, 24.2 had registered; 2.8 had been inducted into the army. Age limit was later changed to 18 to 45.
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John Pershing
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Aka “Black Jack” Pershing. He was the general who led the forces against Villa. The forces were called the AEF (American Expeditionary Forces).
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Liberty Bonds
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The government sold them to help raise money for thewar
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War Boards
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the economy was dived based on function (not geography) and war boards were designed to coordinate efforts in each sector.
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War Industries Board
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oversaw purchase of military supplies, under Bernard Baruch organized factories, set prices, and distributed needed materials. Instead of restricting profits, govt entered alliance with a private sector
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Ludlow Massacre
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happened right before the war, striking miners were killed.
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Committee on Public Information
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under George Creel distributed pro-war propaganda—portrayals of savage Germans
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Espionage Act of 1917
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gave the governmentt power to punish spies and obstructers of war effort, respond to reports of disloyalty. Sabotage Act and Sedition Act of 1918 made any public expression of opposition illegal- targeted socialist groups
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American Protective League
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spied on neighbors to ensure public opinion of the war was the same
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Mandate System
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League of Nations

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