Apush Chapter 18 Example Questions

question

Curtis Act
answer

1898- This act ended Indian communal land ownership and dissolved Indian Territory.
question

Medicine Lodge Treaty
answer

1867- Assigned reservations to the Comanches, Kiowa Apaches, Kiowas, Cheyennes, and Arapahoes.
question

Sand Creek Massacre
answer

An attack on a village of sleeping Cheyenne Indians by a regiment of Colorado militiamen on November 29, 1864 that resulted in the death of more than 200 tribal members.
question

Great Sioux War
answer

Largest military event since Civil War and one of the largest against Indians in US history, spanning 15 months with 15 battles. Started when Custer brought an expedition of miners searching for gold onto Sioux land. Demonstrates fierce Native American resistance, but also Native American helplessness in the face of superior American numbers and resources.
question

Treaty of Fort Laramie
answer

This treaty said the Sioux had a right to occupy the Black Hills. Later found gold, and caused a large part of the Sioux war.
question

Frederick Jackson Turner
answer

American historian who said that humanity would continue to progress as long as there was new land to move into. The frontier provided a place for homeless and solved social problems.
question

Sitting Bull
answer

American Indian medicine man, chief, and political leader of his tribe at the time of the Custer massacre during the Sioux War
question

Crazy Horse
answer

A chief of the Sioux who resisted the invasion of the Black Hills and joined Sitting Bull in the defeat of General Custer at Little Bighorn (1849-1877)
question

George Custer
answer

United States general who was killed along with all his command by the Sioux at the battle of Little Bighorn.
question

Little Big Horn
answer

In 1876, Colonel George A. Custer and 260 of his men were killed by Sioux Indians led by Sitting Bull at this battle in southern Montana.
question

Chief Joseph
answer

Leader of Nez Perce. Fled with his tribe to Canada instead of reservations. However, US troops came and fought and brought them back down to reservations
question

Helen Hunt Jackson
answer

An author who wrote “A Century of Dishonor” which chronicled the government’s actions against the Indians. She also wrote Romona, which was a love story about Indians. Her writing helped inspire sympathy towards the Indians.
question

Dawes Severalty Act
answer

Bill that promised Indians tracts of land to farm in order to assimilate them into white culture. The bill was resisted, uneffective, and disastrous to Indian tribes
question

Ghost Dance
answer

Spiritual revival in 1890 by Indians that would lead to the massacre at Wounded Knee
question

Wounded Knee
answer

In 1890, after killing Sitting Bull, the 7th Cavalry rounded up Sioux at this place in South Dakota and 300 Natives were murdered and only a baby survived.
question

Indian Reorganization Act
answer

1934 – Restored tribal ownership of lands, recognized tribal constitutions and government, and provided loans for economic development.
question

New South
answer

Term that identified southern promoters’ belief in the technologically advanced industrial South
question

Crop Lien System
answer

Similar to sharecropping — merchants loan food and supplies to farmers so they can farm; farmers have to pay them back with some of their crops. When harvests were bad, farmers got deeper and deeper in debt to merchants.

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member