AP World History- WWI, Great Depression, WWII, Cold War Vocab B

Flashcard maker : Misty Porter
fascism
A governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry, commerce, etc., and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism and often racism.
Mussolini
Benito (1883-1945) Fascist dictator of Italy;
Stalin
(1879-1953) Bolshevik revolutionary, head of the Soviet Communist Party after 1924, and dictator of the Soviet Union from 1928 to 1953. He led the Soviet Union with an iron fist, using Five-Year Plans to increase industrial production and terror to crush all opposition
Stalinism
Stalin’s government system that was acheived in the name of Communism but was more like totalitarianism; benefited only government and relied on terror tactics, secret police, bogus trials and assassination
5- Year Plans
Plans that Joseph Stalin introduced to industrialize the Soviet Union rapidly, beginning in 1928. They set goals for the output of steel, electricity, machinery, and most other products and were enforced by the police powers of the state. They succeeded in making the Soviet Union a major industrial power before World War II
Hitler
German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945), Nazi leader and founder; had over 6 million Jews assassinated during the Holocaust
appeasement
Accepting demands in order to avoid conflict
Munich Pact
A 1938 agreement between Great Britain and Germany to appease Hitler
Manchurian Incident
Japanese troops, claiming that Chinese had tried to blow up a railway, captured several Manchurian cities and continuing to take over country after Chinese troops withdrew
Franco
(1870 – 1871) Was a conflict between the Second French Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia. The complete Prussian and German victory brought about the final unification of Germany under King Wilhelm I of Prussia.
Attack on Guernica
germany bombed and fired machine guns in guernica to test weapons
El Alamein
in Egypt, site of the victory by Britain’s Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery over German forces led by General Erwin Rommel
Battle of Stalingrad
Unsuccessful German attack on the city of Stalingrad during World War II from 1942 to 1943, that was the furthest extent of German advance into the Soviet Union.
Battle of Midway
1942 World War II battle between the United States and Japan, a turning point in the war in the Pacific
Bombing of Hiroshima
August 6, 1945 US dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, a Japanese city, between 70,000-80,000 instantly died. Ended war with Japan
Holocaust
Nazis’ program during World War II to kill people they considered undesirable. Some 6 million Jews perished during the Holocaust, along with millions of Poles, Gypsies, Communists, Socialists, and others
United Nations
An international organization formed after WWII to promote international peace, security, and cooperation.
Cold War
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.
Space race
a competition of space exploration between the United States and Soviet Union
non-aligned nations
Developing countries that announced their neutrality in the Cold War.

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