Ap World History Chapter 2 Test ANSWERS

Flashcard maker : Judith Simpson
Gilgamesh was associated with what city
Uruk
Enkidu was
Gilgamesh’s friend
Which of the following subjects is not addressed in the Epic of Gilgamsh
an explanation for the divinity of Mesopotamian kings
In the Epic of Gilgamesh humans were not allowed to live forever because
a serpent carried away the plant for immortality
The earliest urban societies developed in the
fourth millennium B.C.E.
The word Mesopotamia means
\”The land between the rivers\”
The first complex society developed in the southern Mesopotamian land of
Sumer
The word Semitic refers to
a language type
Eridu, Ur, Uruk, Lagash, Nippur, and Kish were all associated with
Mesopotamian
A Mesopotamian stepped pyramid was known as a
ziggurat
Which of the following societies possessed the least degree of strong, centralized rule
Sumer
The creator of the first empire in Mesopotamia was
Sargon
Mesopotamian cultural and political brilliance reached its peak during the reign of
Hammurabi
What individual believed that the gods had chosen him to \”provide the welfare of the people… [and] to cause justice to prevail in the land\”
Hammurabi
The words lex talionis relate to
the law of retaliation that appears in Hammurabi’s Code
While Hammurabi’s code was based on the concept of lex talionis, it was also shaped by
social standing
The Babylonians eventually fell in 1595 B.C.E. to the
Hittites
The later Mesopotamian people who around 1000 B.C.E. built a large empire based on a powerful army with iron weapons and who made extensive use of terror were the
Assyrians
What Mesopotamian society built the largest empire
Assyrians
A Babylonian resurgence of power was led in the sixth century B.C.E. by
Nebuchadnezzar
The famous hanging gardens of the ancient world were located in
Babylon
Mesopotamian metalworkers discovered that if they alloyed copper and tin they could produce
bronze
Iron metallurgy came to Mesopotamia from the
Hittites
The first people in the world to use wheeled vehicles were the
Sumerians
Evidence proves that Mesopotamians
traded extensively with peoples from far away Anatolia, Egypt, and India
Social distinctions in Mesopotamia
were much more pronounced than they had been during the neolithic age
In Mesopotamia, prisoners of war, convicted criminals, and heavily indebted individuals were the three main sources for
slaves
Mesopotamia developed into
a strict patriarchal society
Some scholars believe that patriarchal social orders arose because of
a concern for property and family fortunes
Conditions for women in Mesopotamia
grew increasingly worse over time
The Mesopotamian style of writing was known as
cuneiform
The statement, \”If she was not careful, but was gadabout, thus neglecting her house (and) humiliating her husband, they shall throw that woman into the water,\” is drawn from
Hammurabi’s Code
The Mesopotamians
were mainly interested in vocational education
The patriarch of the Hebrews was
Abraham
Ethical monotheism was in the tradition of the
Hebrews
Hebrew law
borrowed the concept of lex talionis from Hammurabi’s Code
Hebrew monotheism has its origins with
Moses
The first simplified alphabet, containing only twenty-two letters, was created by the
Phoenicians
Which of the following languages is not of Indo-Europeans origin
Egyptian
The original homeland of the Indo-Europeans was
southern Russia
The most influential ancient Indo-European migrants into southwest Asia were the
Hittites
Horse-drawn chariots were first invented by the
Hittites
Hebrew God
Yahweh
Invented the horse-drawn chariot
Hittites
First conqueror to unite all of Mesopotamia
Sargon of Akkad
Legal principle of the law of retaliation
Lex talionis
\”Wedge-shaped\”
Cuneiform
Helped create a shared linguistic base
Indo-Europians
First alphabet
Phoenicians
Constructed the largest empire of the Mesopotamian societies
Assyrians
Leader who led a Babylonian resurgence in the sixth century B.C.E.
Nebuchadnezzar
True founder of Hebrew Monotheism
Moses
Hero of the oldest known epic
Gilgamesh
Powerful Babylonian king who formulated a sophisticated law code
Hammurabi

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