AP Psych Unit 8 Jeopardy

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Socially defined patterns of behavior expected of a person in a given setting
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Social Roles
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A form of conformity in which a group majority influences individual judgements
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Asch Effect
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This is when a person takes credit for their successes, but denies responsibilities for failures
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Self-serving Bias
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Contact between people from different groups when placed under equal conditions
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Equal-status contact
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When individuals is in a group have similar, though not identical views, their opinions become more extreme
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Group Polarization
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This theory says that we like best those who give us maximum rewards at minimum costs
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Reward theory of attraction
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This hypothesis states that most people will find mates who are perceived to be of about their same level of attraction
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Matching hypothesis
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This theory states that people are motivated to avoid conflicts between their behaviors and their cognitions
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Cognitive dissonance theory
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This theory states that we decide to pursue a relationship by weighing the potential value of it against their expectations of success
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Expectancy-value theory
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According to psychologists, these are the 4 powerful sources of reward that predict personal attraction
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Proximity, similarity, self-disclosure, physical attractiveness
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This is what Milgrim told his subjects he was studying
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Memory and learning
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How many \”teachers\” administered the full spectrum of shocks up to 450 volts
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Nearly 2/3
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This is why Milgrim’s experiment was controversial
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Potential mental harm on the subjects
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What kind of people did Milgrim think would be the only ones to go all the way 450
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Sadistic
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When was obedience to an authority figure most likely?
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When authority figures were nearby to the \”teacher’
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The man behind the triangle
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Sternberg
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The 3 components of love
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Passion, intimacy, commitment
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Passion & intimacy with no commitment
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Romantic love
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Passion without intimacy or commitment
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Infatuation
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Passion, intimacy, and commitment
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Complete love/ consummate love
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The Stanford prison study showed us the power of this
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The social situation
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When are people more likely to help out in an emergency situation
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When there are few others around to help
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Robber’s cave: what caused cooperation among the different groups of boys?
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A common goal
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Who stopped the Stanford prison study?
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One of Zimbardo’s female grad students
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This is how the people of Jonestown died
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Voluntarily drank kool-aid laced with cyanide
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Clusters of knowledge about the sequence of events and actions expected to occur in a setting
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Social script
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A decrease in performance level because of being in a group
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Social loafing
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Members of a group attempt to conform their opinions to what each believes to be the consensus of the group
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Groupthink
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Weakening of each group member’s obligation to act when responsibility is perceived to be shared with all group members
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Diffusion of responsibility
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The tendency to mimic other people
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Chameleon effect
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Branch of Psychology that studies the effect of social variables on behavior
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Social Psychology
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A group’s expectations of what is appropriate and acceptable
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Social norms
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The combination of people, activities and interactions among people, the setting, and the norms of behavior
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Social context
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When people stand by and do nothing in an emergency situation
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Bystander effect/Bystander Apathy
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The view that internal factors influence behavior
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Dispositionism
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Stanford/Social Roles & Scripts
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Zimbardo
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Conformity
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Asch
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Obedience to Authority
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Milgrim
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Bystander apathy
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Latane and Darley
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Do social norms influence students’ political views?(Bennington College)
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Newcomb
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According to social psychology, this is the key determinant of individual behavior
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Social situation
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According to social psychology, this would determine your behavior at a party where you don’t know anybody
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Behavior of others
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According to social psychology, people tend to believe that other people’s mistakes are due to this
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Internal factors/personal traits/personality
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According to social psychology, this is how people reduce dissonance between thoughts and behavior
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Change behavior or thoughts
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According to social psychology, this is fuel for terrorism
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Nations with depleted resources, poverty, hopelessness, joblessness
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This is the strongest predictor of how much we will like someone when first meeting them
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Physical attraction
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How do people perceive others who are extremely attractive but very shy?
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Cold and indifferent
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We seek out these types of relationships
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Ones where we both give and receive rewards
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Of the 4 components of attraction, this one proves that absence does not make the heart grow fonder
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Proximity
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People with low self-esteem gravitate toward these type of people
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People who see them as they see themselves–reinforce self-perception
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Negative feelings towards others who are different from self
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Prejudice
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Negative actions towards others who are different from self
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Discrimination
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When social distance between 2 groups increases, so does this
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Prejudice
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This man applied theories about competition and common goals to break down hostilities between Israel & Palestine caused by prejudism
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Herbert Kelman
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These are the 3 most effective ways to combat prejudism
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New role models, equal status contact, legislation
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Behavior that is intended to cause harm
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Aggression
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Blaming an innocent person or group for one’s own troubles
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Scapegoating
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The tendency to emphasize internal causes and ignore external ones
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Fundamental attribution error
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View that environmental conditions influence behavior
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Situationism
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When group members lose their sense of personal identity and responsibility and the group \”assumes\” responsibility for their behavior
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Deindividuation

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