AP Psych Chap 15 -Treatments

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Reasons people won’t seek treatment
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costs, social burdens, barriers, lack of realization and effectiveness
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psychotherapy
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interaction between a therapist and someone suffering from a psychological problem, with the goal of providing support or relief from the problem
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medical/ biological treatment
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mental health treated with drugs and/ or surgery
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eclectic psychotherapy
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treatment that draws on techniques from different forms of therapy, depending on the client and problem.
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psychodynamic psychotherapies -think freud
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general approach to treatment that explores childhood events and encourages individuals to develop insight into their psychological problems
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resistance
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reluctance to cooperate with treatment for fear of confronting unpleasant unconscious material
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Carl Jung
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emphasized collective unconscious
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Alfred Adler
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linked emotional conflict to perceptions of inferiority
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Melanie Klein
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believed primitive fantacies of loss and persecution may underline mental illness
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Karen Horney
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emphasized differences between men and women in society and culture.
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transference
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event that occurs in psychoanalysis when the analyst begins to assume a major significance in tje client’s life and the client reacts to the analyst based on unconscious childhood fantasies *want to happen
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interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT)
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form of psychotherapy that focuses on helping clients improve current relationships.
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differences between modern and classic psychodynamics
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-face to face and less intensive -meet once a week for months vs years -relief from symptoms is a goal -offer support and advice vs interrupting clients
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behavior therapy
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therapy that assumes disordered behavior is learned and that symptom relief is achieved through changing overt maladaptive behaviors into more constructive behaviors
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token economy
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clients are given \”tokens\” for desired behaviors, which they can later trade for rewards
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exposure therapy
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confronting an emotion-arousing stimulus directly and repeatedly, ultimately leading to a decrease in the emotional response.
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systematic desensitization
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client relaxes all muscles in their body while imaging being in increasingly frightening situations
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cognitive therapy
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helping a client identify and correct any distorted thinking about self, others, or the world.
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cognitive restructing
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teaches clients to question the automatic beliefs, assumptions and predictions that often lead to negative emotions and to replace the negative thinking with more realistic and positive beliefs.
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mindfulness meditation
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teaches an individual to be fully present in each moment; to be aware of his or her thoughts, feelings, and sensations; and to detect symptoms before they become a problem
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cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)
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blend of cognitive and behavioral therapeutic strategies. -\”problem focused\” and \”action orientated\”
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person- centered therapy
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assumes all individuals have a tendency toward growth and that his growth can be facilitated by acceptance and genuine reactions from the therapist.
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Gestalt therapy
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existentialist approach to treatment with the goal of helping the client become aware of his or her thoughts, behaviors, and experiences, and feelings and to \”own\” them.
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couples therapy
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married, cohabitating, or dating couples are seen
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family therapy
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involves members of a dysfunctional family
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group therapy
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multiple participants (who often don’t know each other) work on their individual problems in a group atmosphere
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self-help and support groups
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discussion that focuses on a particular disorder, often run by peers who struggled with same issue
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antipsychotic drugs
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medications used to treat schizophrenia and related psychotic disorders
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psychopharmacology
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study of drug effects on psychological states and symptoms
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anxiety medications
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drugs that help reduce a person’s experience of fear or anxiety -facilitates GABA action -issues of tolerance and withdrawl
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antidepressants
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drugs that help lift people’s mood -MAOI, SSRI -mood stabelizers used to treat bipolar disorders
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Herbal and natural products
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they are exempt from rigorous research to establish safety and effectiveness -no good studies done to validify
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combining psychotherapy and medication
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-combination is most effective -requires cooperation between psychologists and psychiatrists
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electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
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inducing a mild seizure by delivering an electrical shock to the brain -may be used to treat depression or mania
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transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)
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placing a powerful pulsed magnet over a person’s scalp, which alters neuronal activity in the brain -treats depression
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phototherapy
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involves repeated exposure to bright light -treats seasonal affective disorder
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psychosurgery
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surgical destruction of specific brain areas -can treat OCD
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Treatment Illusions
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1. natural improvement 2. nonspecific treatment effects 3. reconstructive memory
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placebo
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inert substance or procedure that’s been applied with the expectation that a healing response will be produced.
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1. outcome studies 2. process studies
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1. designed whether treatment works 2. designed to answer questions why a treatment works
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double-blind experiments
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both patient and researcher are uninformed on which treatment the patient is recieving
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Hans Eysenck
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reviewed effectiveness of psychotherapy across studies and found it to impede recovery -later revealed to be helpful
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Iatrogenic illness
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disorder or symptom that occurs as a result of a medical or psychotherapeutic treatment.

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