AP Human Geography Chapter 3 Notes and Vocabulary
Key Issue 1
Where do people migrate?
What do Geographers ask about migration?
Geographers document from where people migrate and to where they migrate. They also study the reason why people migrate.
What are the three main reasons people migrate?
Economic opportunity, Cultural Freedom, and Environmental Comfort.
The spreading of a feature or trend from one place to another over time.
A form of relocation diffusion involving a permanent move to a new location.
Migration from a location.
Migration to a new location.
The diffrence between the level of immigration and the level of emigration.
When the number of immigrants exceed the number of emigrants.(The net migration is positive)
When the number of emigrants exceed the number of immigrants. (The net migration is negative)
All types of movement from one location to another.
Short-term, repetitive, or cyclical movements that recur on a regular basis.
What traits do people bring to their new homes when they migrate?
Language, Religion, Ethnicity, and other cultural traits.
Ravensteins Laws can be oraganized into three diffrent groups which are?
The reasons why people move, The distance they typically move, and their characteristics.
A factor that induces people to leave their old residence.
A factor that induces people to move to a new location.
What are the three major types of push and pull factors?
Economic, Cultural, and Environmental
People who are forced to migrate from their home country and cannot return for fear of prosecution because of race, religon, nationality, and membership in a social group, or political opinion.
The areas subject to flooding during a given number of years according to historical trends.
An environmental or cultural feature of the landscape that hinders migration.
Ravensteins theory made two main points which are?
Most immigrants relocate a short distance and remain within the same country, and Long-distance immagrants to other countries head for major economic activity.
Permanent movement from one country to another.
Permanent movement within a particular country.
Internal migration can be divided into to two typed which are called?
Interregional, and Intraregional migration.
Permanent movement from one region of a country to another.
Permanent movement within one region of a country.
International migration is futher divided into two groups called?
Forced and Voluntary migration.
Permanent movement undertaken by choice.
Permanent movement compelled usually by cultural factors
A change in the migration pattern in a society that results from industrialization, population growth, and other social and economic changes that also produce the demographic transition.
Key Issue 2
Where are migrants distributed?
What percent of the worlds people are international immigrants?
Which countries have net-out migration?
Asia, Latin America, and Africa.
Which countries have net-in migration?
North America, Europe, Oceania
Which country has the largest percent of immigrants?
United States of America.
Most immigrants in the first era of the United States immigration was from?
Europe, and Africa
Most immigrants in the secand era of the United States immigration was from?
Most immigrats in the third era of the United Sates immigration was from?
Asia and Latin America.
Among all the European countries which one sent the most immigrants to the United States?
Migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there.
Key Isuue 3
Why do Migrants face Obstacles?
Made in 1921
National Origins Act
Made in 1924
The maimum limits of the number of people who could migrate to the United Sates from each country during a one year period.
For each person that had a native born person already living in the United States how many could migrate each year?
The limited number of immigrants from the Eastern Hemisphere was?
Which continent did America admit the most immigrants?
The Quota system continued with minor modifications untill?
When was the Immigration Act passed?
Quotas for individual countries where eliminated in what year?
Large scale emigration by talented people
Citizens of poor countries who obtain jobs in Western Europe and the Middle East