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AP Government Chapter 13: The Presidency

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What are the two contradictory expectations that Americans have about the presidency?
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1. They want to believe in a powerful president who can do good 2. They dislike concentration of power-no increase in authority to meet new expectations.
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Outline the procedure for removing a president from office.
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Impeachment -House of Representatives can impeach by majority vote on “treason , bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors” Senate has impeachment hearing.
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List the constitutional powers of the president and explain how these powers have expanded.
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1. National Security Powers 2. Legislative Powers 3. Administrative Powers 4. Judicial Powers
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Describe two ways in which the power of the president has expanded from its constitutional base.
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1. America has increased in prominence (technology) on the world stage 2. Presidents expand their responsibilities and political resources.
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What is the cabinet and what does it do?
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a group of presidential advisors not mentioned in the constitution that provide advice to their area of expertise.
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List and explain the function of three major policymaking bodies of the Executive Office.
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1. National security council-that committee that links the presidents key foreign and military policy advisors. 2, Council of Economic Advisors- three member body appointed by the president to advise the president on economic policy. 3. Office of Management and Budget- composed of handful of political appointed and more than 600 career officers and its major responsibility is to prepare the presidents budget.
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What is the difference between a hierarchical organization and a wheel and spokes system of White House management?
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Hierarchical: chief of staff at the top,whose job and that the presidents time and interests are protected. Wheel and Spokes: Many asides have equal status and are balanced against one another in the process of decision making.
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List the three options the president has once Congress passes a bill.
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1, sign it, making it a law 2. veto it, sending it back to Congress with the reasons for rejecting it 3.let it become law after 10 working days by not doing anything
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What is the difference between a veto, a pocket veto, and a line-item veto?
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Veto: the constitutional power of the president to sense a bill back to Congress with reasons for rejecting it. a 2/3 vote in each house can override a veto. Pocket veto: when congress adjourns within 10 days of submitting a bill to the president, who simp;y lets it die by neither signing nor vetoing it Line-item veto: when you can veto certain parts of a bill, most governors have it, unlike the president.
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Explain the term “presidential coattails”
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these occur when voters cast their ballots for congressional candidates of the presidents party because they support the president(few races win this way)
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What are the two indicators of public support for the president?
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1, approval in the polls 2. mandates in Presidential Elections the perception that the voters strongly support the presidents character and policies.
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What is meant by the presidents “honeymoon” period?
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the first few months of the presidential term aka a presidents ” first 100 days”(congress usually displays more receptivity and media show more cooperation)
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What is an executive agreement and how does it differ from a treaty?
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a pact by the president directly with the head of a foreign state or subordinate -does not require senate senate approval-
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What are the main provisions of the War Powers Resolution?
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Required presidents to consult with congress ,when possible before using a military force, and it mandated the withdrawal of forces after 60 days unless congress declared war or granted an extension (congress could at any time pass a concurrent resolution ending participation)
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Why is the president more equipped to handle a crisis the Congress?
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the president can come to quick and consistent decisions, confine info to a small group, carefully oversee development, and call on experts in the executive branch.
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What are the “two presidencies?
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1. Domestic Policy 2. National security Policey
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What is the difference between the president as head of state and head of government?
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Head of state: a role that symbolizes and represents the people, both nationally and international and may or may not have any real policy making power Head of government: deals with the everyday tasks of running the state and usually directs the activities of other members of the executive branch.
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What is the role of the presidents press secretary?
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Dealing directly with the press (info from the White House to press)
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In what ways is the institution of the presidency undemocratic?
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the presidency is the single most important office in American politics.
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How does the presidency increase and decrease the scope of government?
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three presidents in the 1900s advocated a larger gov which isn’t inherent to the presidency. All seven since Johnson have advocated limiteds government.
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Constitutional Roles: Chief Legislator –
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Powers: proposes legislation vetoes legislation calls special sessions of congress makes a sate of the union address to congress Checks: congress can override congress can reject legislature
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Chief Executive-
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Powers: enforces laws, treaties and court decisions appoints officials to office an can fire them issues executive orders, which have the force of laws to carry out laws. Checks: senate can reject appointments/treaties supreme court can strike down executive order impeachment trial by senate and brought up by House congress controls the money(purse)
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Commander in Chief
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Power: the president is the head of the arms forces Checks: congress declares war appropriates Act War Powers Act
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Chief Diplomat
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Powers: sets overall foreign policy appoints and receives ambassadors negotiates both treaties and executive agreements give diplomatic recognition to foreign governments Checks: senates rejects or approves ambassadors power of purse (money)
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Chief of state
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the ceremonial head of our nation most nations separate theChief executive and chief of state roles but he office of the presidency
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Chief Jurist
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Powers: appoints a federal judge issues pardons and amnesty-pardon to a large group of people Check: can reject or approve a federal judge “hold” -like a pigeonhole, put it away everything but impeachment
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Non-Constitutional roles: Head of Political Party
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selects the part’s chairman of the national committee and the vice presidential nominee political patronage
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Chief Economist
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responsible for the overall health of the economy proposes the federal budget
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Political Checks
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Public opinion media attention popularity(senators & reps etc like him)