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AP Gov Unit 4: Essay

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A parliamentary as opposed to a presidential system is found in all of the following countries except:
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France
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If the president selected his cabinet from the same source as a prime minister in a parliamentary system does, the U.S. cabinet would be selected by:
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Congress
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In a parliamentary system, the voters cannot choose:
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The prime minister
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Each of the following is a fundamental difference between presidents and prime ministers except:
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presidents choose their cabinets from inside rather than outside Congress
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An obvious and important difference between a president and a prime minister is that the latter always has:
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majority support in parliament
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Unlike a prime minister, the president selects his cabinet officers and advisers to:
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reward personal followers
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If you are an ambitious member of the British Parliament, prudence will dictate that you:
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avoid displeasing the leader of your party
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Presidents, even with great majorities of their own party in Congress, experience difficulty in exercising legislative leadership because:
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the president is unable to control Congress, unlike a prime minister.
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With substantial Democratic majorities in both houses of Congress,President Kennedy, during the last year of his presidency, was able to secure passage of ________ of his proposals.
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only one-fourth
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Of the twenty-four congressional or presidential elections between 1952 and 1996, ________ produced a divided government.
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15
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The text cites the 1946 Marshall Plan and the Tax Reform Act of 1986 to illustrate that:
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both were produced by divided governments.
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The text cites Jimmy Carter’s strategic arms limitation treaty and Bill Clinton’s policy on gays to illustrate that:
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unified governments do not guarantee that presidential legislative initiatives will be carried out.
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The text observes that the delegates to the Constitutional Convention feared:
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monarchy and anarchy about equally.
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An aspect of George Washington’s personality that encouraged the delegates to the Constitutional Convention to approve an elected presidency was his:
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self-restraint
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If the Framers had decided to have the president chosen by the Congress, we could reasonably expect Congress to dominate the president:
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or the president to corrupt the legislature
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Each of the following was one of the fears expressed by the Founders about aspects of the presidency except:
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the fear of a president’s using his position to shape public opinion.
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One of the fears expressed by the Founders about aspects of the Presidency was the fear of a president’s:
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using the militia to over power state governments
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One of the fears expressed by the Founders about aspects of the presidency was the fear of a president’s
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being corrupted by, or corrupting, the Senate.
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Alexander Hamilton stood at the Constitutional Convention and gave a five hour speech calling for:
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an elective monarchy.
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The cause of those who argued for a single, elected president at the convention was, no doubt, aided by the fact that:
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everybody assumed that George Washington would be the first president.
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One concern expressed at the Convention focused on the possibility that shared powers would cause the president to be a mere “tool” of:
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the Senate
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The House of Representatives has _________ to decide the winner of a presidential election.
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rarely had
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When no candidate receives a majority of votes in the electoral college, the House of Representatives decides who will win a presidential election. This circumstance:
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has occurred only twice.
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The first plan suggested at the Convention called for the president to be chosen by:
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Congress
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The second plan that was suggested at the Convention for the selection of the President called for selection by:
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direct vote of the people
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The concern about the presidency that was most vigorously debated by the Framers was over the president’s:
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use of bribery or force to ensure reelection
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The concern shared by the Framers about the popular election of presidents was that it might:
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give inordinate power to larger, more populous states.
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Under the original provisions of the U.S. Constitution, the states were to choose presidential electors:
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however they wish.
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The Framers assumed that, under the electoral college system, most presidential elections would be decided in the House. Why did this not turn out to be the case?
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because political parties ended up playing a major role inproducing nationwide support for a slate of national candidates
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Regarding terms of office, the pattern among most early presidents was to
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serve two terms and then leave office.
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Presidents have been limited to two terms by the:
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Twenty second Amendment.
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The legitimacy of the office of president was aided during the years of the first presidents by which of the following?
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the appointment of people of stature to federal offices