Anthropology Quiz 1

Which of the following is not a distinctive feature of four-field anthropology?
E. It has an exclusive focus on contemporary cultures.

What is the term for the processes by which organisms cope with environmental forces and stresses?
Adaptation

The study of interactions among past living things in a past environment is
paleoecology

The American Anthropological Association, or AAA, acknowledges the public service role provided by anthropology by recognition of which of the following dimensions of the field?
B. applied anthropology

What distinction do Gezon and Kottak draw between culture and society?
B. People share society―organized life in groups―with other animals, but culture is distinctly human.

Anthropology is a holistic discipline in that it
E. studies human biological, cultural, and linguistic variation across both time and space.

Anthropology’s comparative, biocultural perspective
A. allows the inclusion of both biological and cultural approaches to comment on or solve a particular issue or problem

The pressurized cabin of an airplane flying at high altitude provides an example of a(n)
D. cultural adaptation

Which of the following statements about anthropology is not true?
D. Anthropology’s biocultural approach entails finding evolutionary explanations for all human behaviors.

According to the text, what can we appropriately conclude from geneticists’ finding that someone of African ancestry may have more in common biologically with someone of native Australian, Asian, or northern European descent than with a fellow African?
C. You may have more genetic material in common with someone who looks totally different from you than with someone considered your own “race”.

Biological anthropologists study all of the following except
A. ancient languages.

Culture adaptations such as modern medicine have over written the importance of the environmental conditions in which the ancient humans evolved.
False

We can traced not only heart disease, but modern problems of obesity to dietary changes that hominids made 160,000 years ago.
False

Both biological and cultural evolution tend to occur very rapidly.
False

The fundamental physiology, biochemistry and metabolism of humans has not changed in 150,000 years.
True

Cultural evolution refers to the changes in the patterns of behavior and life styles of humans.
True

Humans have had a relatively rapid in cease in dietary induced illnesses since the development of agriculture.
True

A form of locomotion found in humans in which the body is maintained in an upright posture on two legs using a heel to toe stride.
Bipedalism

The ability of organisms to alter themselves in response to environmental stress, such the thin air of high altitudes.
Plasticity

The intestinal discomfort including diarrhea and gas caused by the inability of the human body to produce the enzyme lactase, which breakdown sugars in milk.
Lactose Intolerance

Present in humans and chimpanzees. the mutation in this gene gave humans speech.
FOXP2