Anatomy & Physiology Unit 1 Study Guide

11 body systems
nervous, muscle, lymphatic, urinary, endocrine, digestive, circulatory, respiratory, integumentary, skeletal, reproductive
frontal
forehead
ocular
eyes
cranial
ptop of head
buccal
cheek
oral
mouth
cervical
neck
thoracic
chest
brachial
upper arm
antecubital
front of elbow
antebrachial
back of elbow
carpal
wrist
pollex
thumb
palmar
palm
phalangeal
fingers
abdominal
abs
umbilical
belly button
pelvic
hips
pubic
genitals
femoral
upper leg
patellar
front of knee cap
crural
shin
tarsal
ankle
phalangeal
toes
hallux
big toe
pedal
top of feet
nasal
nose
dorsal
upper back
olecranal
back of elbow
lumbar
lower back
gluteal
butt
popliteal
back of knee
sural
calf
calcaneal
heel
plantar
bottom of foot
medial
inside
lateral
outside
proximal
closer to the joint
distal
further from the joint
anterior or ventral
front of body
posterior or dorsal
back of the body
superior
closer to the top of the body
inferior
closer to the bottom of the body
cranial or cephalic
the head
caudal
the tail
transverse plane
cross section; divides body into superior and inferior portions
frontal plane
coronal plane; divides body into anterior and posterior portions, extends laterally
sagittal plane
runs along the long axis of the body but it extends anteriorly and posteriorly
levels of organization
atoms, molecules, cells, tissue, organs, organ systems, organism
positive feedback
the initial stimulus produces a response that reinforces te stimulus
negative feedback
a variation outside normal limits triggers an automatic response that corrects the situation
anatomy
the study of internal and external structure and the physical relationships between body parts
physiology
the study of how living organsims perform their living functions
sign
is an objectively or observable or measurable physical indication of a disease such as rash, swelling, or fever
symptom
is a subjective thing that a person experiences and describes but hat aren’t otherwise detectable or measurable such as pain, nausea, and anxiety
homeostasis
means “unchanging and standing” refers to the existence of stable internal environment