Anatomy & Physiology – Ch. 1 Relative Positions & Body Sections Flashcard

superior
a body part is above another body part or is closer to the head
inferior
a body part is below another body part or is toward the feet
anterior
also means ventral; towards the front of the body
posterior
also means dorsal; towards the back of the body
medial
refers to an imaginary midline dividing the body into equal right and left halves; a body part is medial if it is closer to this line than another part
lateral
refers toward the side with respect to the imaginary midline
bilateral
refers to paired structures on the same side; one of which is on each side
ipsilateral
refers to structures on the same side
contralateral
refers to structures that are on the opposite sides
proximal
closer to the point of attachment to the trunk than another body part
distal
Farther from the trunk of the body
superficial
means situated near the surface
peripheral
means outward or near the surface
deep
describes parts that are more internal than superficial parts
sagittal section
refers to lengthwise plane that divides the body into right and left portions
transverse section
refers to plane that divides the body into superior and inferior portions; also known as horizontal
coronal section
refers to plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior portions

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