Anatomy and Physiology MAP Chapter 1

Which of the following options best describes anatomy?
A) the study of internal body structures
B) the study of external body structures
C) the oldest medical science
D) all of the listed responses are correct
D) all of the listed responses are correct

The study of tissues with a microscope is called ____?
A) cell physiology
B) gross anatomy
C) histology
D) surface anatomy
C) histology

Anatomy is to ____ as physiology is to ____.
A) growth; form
B) structure; function
C) form; structure
D) function; form
E) structure; form
B) structure; function

Identify the branch of biological science that deals with the study of how living organisms perform their vital functions.
A) physiology
B) genetics
C) cytology
D) embryology
E) anatomy
A) physiology

Which of the following is arranged in correct order from the simplest to the most complex?
A) cellular, tissue, molecular, organ system, organ, organism
B) molecular, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
C) organ, organism, molecular, cellular, tissue, organ system
D) tissue, cellular, molecular, organ, organ system, organism
B) molecular, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism

During wind sprints for field hockey practice, Sarah noticed that her face felt very hot and looked red. Of the choices below, which would be considered the receptor(s) for the homeostatic response to Sarah’s running?
A) Sarah’s lungs
B) Sarah’s skeletal muscles and blood vessels
C) Sarah’s cardiac muscle
D) Sarah’s brain
B) Sarah’s skeletal muscles and blood vessels

The central idea for understanding the general stability of body function is the principle of ____.
A) homeostasis
B) nutrition
C) equilibrium
D) metabolism
A) homeostasis

The central principle of physiology is
A) temperature regulation
B) homeostasis
C) reflexes
D) nutrition
E) stimulation
B) homeostasis

With regard to maintaining homeostasis, in a positive feedback situation the stimulus is ____.
A) reinforced
B) automatically adjusted without a control center
C) consistently the same
D) eliminated
A) reinforced

In blood clotting, the platelets _____ to initiate the clotting process.
A) dilate
B) aggregate
C) deliver oxygen
D) constrict
B) aggregate

Which plane divides the body into superior and inferior parts?
A) proximal
B) transverse
C) sagittal
D) frontal
B) transverse

____ feedback control reduces variations away from a desired physiological state
A) positive
B) depressive
C) negative
D) neutral
C) negative

If a response decreases a disturbance, the control system is classified as a ____ feedback
A) deficit
B) positive
C) negative
D) polarized
E) neutral
C) negative

If a response increases a disturbance, the control system is classified as a _____ feedback system
A) polarized
B) neutral
C) deficit
D) positive
E) negative
D) positive

Identify the quadrant that contains most of the stomach.
A) left upper quadrant
B) left lower quadrant
C) right lower quadrant
D) right upper quadrant
A) left upper quadrant

The spleen is located in the ____ quadrant.
A) right lower
B) left upper
C) left lower
D) right upper
B) left upper

The lungs are ____ to the heart
A) medial
B) proximal
C) lateral
D) posterior
C) lateral

The heart is ____ to the lungs
A) distal
B) proximal
C) posterior
D) medial
E) lateral
D) medial

The wrist is ____ to the elbow
A) lateral
B) proximal
C) medial
D) horizontal
E) distal
E) distal

The chin is ____ to the nose
A) Anterior
B) inferior
C) posterior
D) medial
E) superior
B) inferior

The ventral body cavity is subdivided into the abdominopelvic and ____
A) thoracic cavity
B) pelvic cavity
C) pericardial cavity
D) peritoneal cavity
A) thoracic cavity

The ____ attaches to the surface of the heart
A) visceral peritoneum
B) parietal pericardium
C) visceral pericardium
D) visceral pleura
C) visceral pericardium

The diaphragm muscle separates the ____ from the ____.
A) abdominal cavity; pelvic cavity
B) pleural cavity; mediastinum
C) pericardial cavity; pleural cavity
D) pericardial sac; pericardial cavity
E) thoracic cavity; abdominopelvic cavity
E) thoracic cavity; abdominopelvic cavity

Which of the following organs is described as retroperitoneal?
A) spleen
B) urinary bladder
C) stomach
D) large intestine
E) kidney
E) kidney

The right pleural cavity contains
A) the heart
B) the trachea
C) the right lung
D) the left lung
E) both lungs
C) the right lung

The membrane covering the stomach and most of the intestines is called the _____.
A) peritoneum
B) mediastinum
C) pericardium
D) pleura
A) peritoneum

Which of these organs is retroperitoneal in location?
A) large intestine
B) urinary bladder
C) stomach
D) kidney
D) kidney

Visceral pericardium covers the _____
A) pleural cavity
B) heart
C) peritoneal cavity
D) lung
B) heart

In which quadrant would you find the liver?
A) right upper
B) left lower
C) left upper
D) right lower
A) right upper

When a person is lying face up in anatomical position, the individual is said to be _____.
supine

Moving along the surface of the skin from the wrist toward the elbow is an example of moving in a ____ direction.
proximal

The skin is ____ to the muscles
superficial

The heart is ____ to the arms
medial

The term “medial surface” refers to the area _____.
A) away from the long axis of the body
B) away from the attached base
C) close to the long axis of the body
D) towards an attached base
C) close to the long axis of the body

In descriptions of the superficial anatomy of the human body, the arm is the ____.
A) brachium
B) manus
C) crus
D) carpus
A) brachium

The spinal cord is _____ to the esophagus
A) distal
B) posterior
C) proximal
D) anterior
B) posterior

The knee is proximal to the _____
A) thigh
B) elbow
C) hip
D) foot
D) foot

A patient placed face down is in the _____ position
prone

When standing, moving towards the cranium is moving in a(n) _____ direction
A) medial
B) upward
C) downward
D) lateral
B) upward

What is the name of the serous membrane that covers the surface of the heart?
A) visceral pericardium
B) visceral pleura
C) parietal peritoneum
D) parietal pericardium
A) visceral pericardium

A person in anatomical position is standing erect, feet facing forward and ____.
A) arms in a raised position, with palms of hands facing dorsally and the thumbs to the inside
B) arms hanging to sides, with palms of hands facing forward and with the thumbs to the outside
C) arms in a raised position, with palms of hands facing forward and with the thumbs to the outside
D) arms handing to sides, with palms of hands facing anteriorly and the thumbs located medially
B) arms hanging to sides, with palms of hands facing forward and with the thumbs to the outside

The two subdivisions of the ventral body cavity are the ______.
A) pericardial and pleural cavities
B) thoracic and abdominal cavities
C) abdominal and pelvic cavities
D) thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities
D) thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities

Another term for “anterior” would be ______.
A) cranial
B) ventral
C) caudal
D) dorsal
B) ventral

he subdivisions of the thoracic body cavity are the __________.
A) thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities
B) cranial and spinal cavities
C) pelvic and abdominal cavities
D) pleural and pericardial cavities
D) pleural and pericardial cavities

You are a pathology intern at a prestigious medical school. Your instructor presents you with a box of leg bones and asks you to place them on the table in the correct anatomical position. You recall that anatomical position is determined __________.
A) in reference to your left and right
B) in reference to the sagittal plane
C) in reference to the superior and inferior ends
D) in reference to the subject’s right and left
D) in reference to the subject’s right and left

Which of the choices contains the sequence of anatomical directions equivalent to ventral, posterior, superior, inferior?
A) cephalic, caudal, posterior, anterior
B) dorsal, anterior, caudal, cephalic
C) caudal, cephalic, anterior, posterior
D) anterior, dorsal, cephalic, caudal
D) anterior, dorsal, cephalic, caudal

Which of the following is NOT true of anatomical position?
A) palms face backward
B) feet are together
C) arms and hands are at the sides
D) palms face forward
A) palms face backward

In anatomical position, the head is ______ to the chest
A) disal
B) superior
C) medial
D) inferior
B) superior

The heart and the lungs are located in the ______ cavity
A) abdominal
B) thoracic
C) plural
D) pericardial
B) thoracic

The ventral body cavity is divided by a flat muscular sheet called the ____.
A) mediastinum
B) peritoneum
C) pericardium
D) diaphragm
D) diaphragm

The thoracic cavity is _____ to the abdominopelvic cavity
A) superior
B) anterior
C) posterior
D) inferior
A) superior

In which body cavity are the female reproductive organs located?
A) pleural cavity
B) abdominal cavity
C) pelvic cavity
D) mediastinum
C) pelvic cavity

The stomach is located in the _____ cavity
A) abdominal
B) pericardial
C) pelvic
D) pleural
A) abdominal

Which of these organs is in the thoracic cavity?
A) esophagus
B) trachea
C) thymus
D) all of these organs are in the thoracic cavity
D) all of these organs are in the thoracic cavity

During lab, you notice that the kidneys are not directly associated with the other organs in the abdominal cavity. Upon closer inspection, you observe that they are located outside of the peritoneal lining. Which response best describes the position of the kidneys?
A) the kidneys are infraperitoneal with respect to the abdominal cavity.
B) the kidneys lie within the visceral peritoneum.
C) the kidneys are retroperitoneal to the abdominal cavity.
D) the kidneys lie within the parietal peritoneum.
C) the kidneys are retroperitoneal to the abdominal cavity.