Alcohol

Alcohol-
a drug found in certain beverages that depresses the brain and nervous system
Distillation
a process that uses a fermented mixture to obtain an alcoholic beverage with a high alcohol content
Proof
a measure of the amount of alcohol in a beverage
Blood alcohol concentration
the amount of alcohol in a persons blood
toxin
a substance that is poisonous
hazing activity
an activity in which a person is forced to participate in a dangerous of demeaning act to become a member of a club or group
binge drinking
consuming large amounts of alcohol in a short amount of time
dementia
a general decline in all areas of mental functioning.
ulcer
an open sore on the skin or on a mucous membrane.
alcohol hepatitis
a condition in which the liver swells due to alcohol
cirrhosis
a disease of the liver caused by chronic damage to liver cells.
malnutrition
a condition in which

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the body doesn’t get the nutrients required for optimal health
nervous system
Impairs brain and other parts of the nervous system, can destroy nerve cells, Cause Dementia (memory loss)
digestive system
Increases the risk f developing cancers of the mouth, esophagus, and stomach,Can cause ulcers, Increases the risk of developing liver disease- Cirrhosis, Increases the risk of developing pancreatic and pancreatic cancer, Can cause malnutrition, Alcoholic hepatitis= liver swells due to alcohol, DEATH
immune system
Depresses its function, Increases your chances of developing illnesses, Lowers the number of infection-fighting cells, Decreases the ability of these cells to fight pathogen
cardiovascular system
Damages organs of CS, Increases your risk for developing cardiovascular diseases, high BP, and stroke, Increases risk for Cardiomyopathy, Causes blood vessels to widen (dilation)
skeletal system
Causes the body to lose calcium, Risk factor for developing Osteoporosis
urinary system
Increases urine flow, Can cause kidney failure
reproductive system
FEMALES: Can delay first menstrual cycle, Cause irregular periods, Can effect breast development, Increased risk of developing breast cancer later in life in females who drink as a teen.
MALES: Affect the size of the testes and the development of muscle mass, Can affect the age at which the voice deepens and the amount of body and facial hair.
fetal alcohol syndrome
the presence of severe birth defects in babies born to mothers who drink alcohol during pregnancy.
small head, small eye slits, miscarriage, stillbirth
Drinking during pregnancy can cause
hangover
an aftereffect of using alcohol and other drugs.
blackout
a period in which a person cannot remember what has happened.
alcoholism
a disease in which there is physical and psychological dependence on alcohol.
alcohol withdrawal system
the reaction of the body to the sudden stopping of drinking
alcoholics anonymous
a recovery program for people who have alcoholism
al-anon
a recovery program for people who have friends or family members with alcoholism.
alateen
a recovery program for teens who have a family member or friend with alcoholism.
delirium tremens
a severe form of alcohol withdrawal syndrome in which there a hallucinations and muscle convulsions.
alcoholism
Causes personality to change rapidly, Moods and emotions change rapidly, Feeling of anger, paranoia, and depression can increase, Affects entire families, Users are usually in denial, Can suffer from Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome,
Children of alcoholics are more likely to have problems with alcohol than children of non-drinkers.
nicotine
The addictive drug round in tobacco products, Is a stimulant (stimulates the NS), HIGHLY ADDICTIVE, Raises BP, Increases HR, dulls taste buds constricts blood vessels
Cigarettes, Cigars, Smokeless Tobacco, Pipes
tobacco products (5)
nicotine withdrawal syndrome
the body’s reaction to quitting tobacco products. May cause: craving for tobacco, may be anxious, irritable, restless, have headaches, and have difficulty concentrating, can become frustrated and angry, have heart palpations and increased appetite.
carcinogen
Tobacco is a _________- a cancer causing substance.
tar and carbon monoxide
poisons found in tobacco products
tar
a think, sticky, dark fluid produced when tobacco is burned.
carbon monoxide
a colorless, odorless, and poisonous gas found in tobacco smoke.
Short term effects of tobacco
Brain chemistry changes, Respiration and heart rate increase, Taste buds are dulled and appetite reduced, Users have bad breath, yellowed teeth, and smelly hair, skin, and clothes
long term effects of tobacco
Chronic Bronchitis, Emphysema, Lung Cancer-nearly 90% of lung cancer deaths are caused by smoking, Coronary hear disease and stroke, A weakened immune system
Gum, Electronic Cigarettes, Medication, Nicorette Patch, Nasal sprays, Inhalers
Nicotine Substitutes
Secondhand smoke
Causes about 3000 deaths from lung cancer every year
Body size, Gender, Food, Rate of intoxication, Amount you drink, Medicine
Factors that influence alcohol effects
Nervous system
Tobacco- Addiction, stroke
Respiratory System
tobacco- coughing, or smokers hack, emphysema, bronchitis, lung cancer
Digestive system
tobacco- cancers of the mouth, larynx, and esophagus, gum recession, tooth decay, tooth loss, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, cancer of the stomach, and pancreas.
Circulatory system
tobacco- increased heart rate and blood pressure, hardened arteries, decreased blood flow, heart attack, and stroke.
Excretory system
tobacco- cancer of the bladder and kidneys
cardiomyopathy
disease in which the heart muscles weaken and enlarge, and the blood cannot be pumped effectively
Osteoporosis
a condition in which bones become thin and brittle
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