Alcohol-Impaired Driving and Accidents Essay Example
Alcohol-Impaired Driving and Accidents Essay Example

Alcohol-Impaired Driving and Accidents Essay Example

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  • Pages: 3 (610 words)
  • Published: November 3, 2021
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It has been evidenced that one cannot drive safely when under the influence of alcohol as in most cases; the behavior has led to the occurrence of fatal accidents on roads. The aspect of driving while drunk is referred to as alcohol-impaired driving (Popkin, 1994). There is a direct relationship of alcohol-impaired driving and the number of accidents. However, there is a certain percentage when a driver who is under alcohol influence can just operate well on the road and fail to cause an accident. Beyond this point, the driving becomes risky as many accidents have occurred after going past the point. The NHTSA body in the U.S (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration) confirms these facts after coming up with a BAC (blood alcohol concentration) value 0.08 g/dL (grams per deciliter) as the point beyond which a driver will probably cause an accident (NHTS


A, 2011). Such accidents are considered alcohol-impaired accidents.

The body has the FARS (Fatality Analysis Reporting System) that does research and reports on the connection between fatal road accidents and alcohol impairment to the drivers. They determine whether an accident occurred due to the influence of alcohol or not. It collects data from various states and compares the data thus giving out the statistics of alcohol-impaired fatal accidents within the states. NHTSA through the FARS report confirms that accidents caused by drivers with a BAC of above 0.08 g/dL occur due to the condition of being drunk and driving (Weinberg et al., 1989).

NHTSA model of ‘multiple imputations’ gets the values from essential vehicle crash characteristics that include; accident factors like time, day, crash type and location. Vehicle factors such as type and rol

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of the vehicle, human factors such as sex, use of restraint, age, previous violation and the assessment whether there was involvement of alcohol (NHTSA, 2011). Proper analysis of all these factors determines the validity of the results and report. NHTSA also confirms that alcohol involvement in fatal crashes depends on the following two factors; first is the economic environment and demographics of the population. Here, older and female drivers exhibit lower values of alcohol involvement (Zador, 1991). Second is the vehicle type. Motorcycles riders have highest values then drivers of lighter vehicles while heavy truck operators have the lowest levels. The statistics from the states in the tables show that alcohol-impaired driving is a threat to road safety since many of the drivers under the condition get involved in fatal crashes than when in normal circumstances (TFCPS et al., 2001). If the statistics are valid, something ought to be done to reduce the aspect of alcohol-impaired driving.


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of evidence regarding interventions to reduce alcohol-impaired driving. American journal of preventive medicine, 21(4), 66-88.

  • Zador, P. L. (1991). Alcohol-related relative risk of fatal driver injuries in relation to driver age and sex. Journal of studies on alcohol, 52(4), 302-310.
  • Zador, P. L., Lund, A. K., Fields, M., & Weinberg, K. (1989). Fatal crash involvement and laws against alcohol-impaired driving. Journal of Public Health Policy, 10(4), 467-485.
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