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Abnormal Psychology Chapter 8

question

This was a watershed medication for bipolar disorder when it was approved by the FDA in 1970.
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lithium
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What procedure to treat depression was first developed in 1985 in order to help patients without the undesired effects or trauma of ECT?
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transcranial magnetic stimulation
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What is an important reason for those with bipolar disorder to participate in psychotherapy?
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to emphasize the importance of continuing to take their medication
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Studies find that _____ percent of ECT patients improve
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60 to 80
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Which is NOT a reason why those with bipolar disorder do not stay on their medication?
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They are cured and no longer need the medication
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What procedure to treat depression was modeled after techniques used successfully to treat Parkinson’s disease?
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deep brain stimulation
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This is a treatment for unipolar depression that is based on the belief that clarifying and changing one’s interpersonal problems will help lead to recovery.
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interpersonal psychotherapy
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Desipramine and imipramine are:
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tricyclics
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The brain seizure caused by ECT lasts from _____ seconds to a few minutes.
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25
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More than _____ percent of patients with mania improve through the use of mood-stabilizing agents.
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60
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The risk of relapse is _____ times greater if patients stop taking a mood stabilizer.
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28
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During an ECT procedure, two electrodes are attached to the patient’s head and _____ volts of electricity are passed through the brain for a half second or less.
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65 to 140
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Parnate and Nardil are
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MAO inhibitors
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The medications used for bipolar disorders are called:
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mood stabilizers.
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In studies of severely depressed people who have not responded to any other form of treatment, as many as 40 percent improve significantly when treated with:
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vagus nerve stimulation.
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Cognitive therapy follows four phases and usually requires fewer than _____ sessions.
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20
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What is a common side effect of electroconvulsive therapy when used today?
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memory loss
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Depressed adults who receive cognitive-behavioral therapy improve much more than those who receive placebos or no treatment at all, with _____ percent showing a near-total elimination of their symptoms.
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60
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This technique to treat depression involves stimulating the brain and includes the use of a pulse generator.
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vagus nerve stimulation
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In a practice called _____ therapy, clinicians typically keep patients on tricyclics for five months or more after being free of depressive symptoms.
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continuation
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People who take _____ may experience a dangerous rise in blood pressure if they eat foods containing the chemical tyramine.
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MAO inhibitors
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Lexapro and Zoloft are:
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SSRIs.
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These medications were discovered accidentally as researchers were looking for a new drug to combat schizophrenia.
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tricyclics
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What is NOT expected to happen during psychodynamic therapy?
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Clients will forget the losses in their lives.
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What does SSRI stand for?
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selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
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What is NOT expected to happen during psychodynamic therapy?
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Clients will forget the losses in their lives.
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These medications were discovered accidentally as researchers were looking for a new drug to combat schizophrenia.
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tricyclics