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Abnormal psyc Essay

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Which of the following is one of the criteria stated by the mental health community for a diagnosis of psychological disorder?
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the individual must be engaging in behavior that present the risk of death, hospitalization, or incarceration.
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Calvin works at a paper manufacturing company. The bleaching agents used by the company are toxic in nature and as a result of being exposed to this substances , Calvin had been experiencing intense depressive episodes. From the available information, it would be more accurate to conclude that_____ causes are responsible for Calvins depression
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biological
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The term____ refers to various circles of influence on the individual ranging from close friends and family to the institutions and policies of a country or the world as a whole.
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sociocultural
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A____ is a label that causes us to regard certain people as different, defective, and set apart from mainstream members of society.
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Stigma
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The biopsychosocial perspective incorporates a developmental viewpoint. This means that a individual abnormalities are solely the results of biological factors and that the environment has no role in the development of an individual
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individuals must be seen as changing over time.
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Emil Kraeplin, promoted a classification system much like that applied to medical diagnoses. He proposed that
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disorders could be identified by their patterns of symptoms
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The ___theory sought explanations of abnormal behavior in the unconscious psychological process
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psychoanalytic
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_____ formulated a systematic approach to operant conditioning, specifying the types and nature of reinforcement as a way to modify behavior?
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B.F. Skinner
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Albert Bandura is associated with
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social learning theory
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Albert Ellis is associated with
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rational-emotional therapy approach
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in the____ Scientist experimented with pharmacological treatments invented medications that for the first time in history could successfully control the symptoms of psychological disorders
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1950s
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An experimenter gives one group of depressed subjects a certain amount of the medication Prozac and another group of depressed subjects a comparatively higher dose. Then she measures the number of violent or suicidal thoughts members of both groups have. In this situation, the independent variable is
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the measure of medication administered
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The ____of a disorder refers to the number of people who have ever had the disorder over a specified period of time
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prevalence
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The DSM-IV- TR Utilizes a categorical approach to define mental disorders
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true
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what is the most crucial determinant of whether or not therapy will succeed
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the quality of the client-clinician relationship
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a good clinician while treating his client should not
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forcefully insert his/her own thought regarding the issue into the clients mind
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Mrs. whaltman is 75 yrs old and has been brought in for treatment by her daughter. her daughter claims that Mrs. whaltman has not only become forgetful, but has begun fabricating stories about how she is a Bavarian princess who must return to her homeland to help the king. the clinician automatically diagnoses her as having schizophrenia. What important information has the clinician obviously ignored in making this diagnoses
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her age
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the number of axes the DSM-IV-TR utilizes are evaluated as
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5
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A clinically significant behavior or psychological syndrome that occurs in a person and is associated with present distress, disability, or increase risk of suffering is defined in the DSM-IV-TR as a
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mental disorder
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clinicians performing assessments attempt to understand a client’s adaptive skills, so they can make recommendations to build on his or her existing abilities
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true
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Brian’s scans can produce evidence of specific areas of damage, but they do not necessarily correspond to a specific loss of behavioral functioning
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true
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a series of questions that clinicians administer in a face-to-face interaction with the client that enables the clinicians to make observations of their clients is known as
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a clinical interview
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a mental status examination
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is issued to clients to asses their current state of mind
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the ___technique requires the test taker to comment on what he or she sees when presented with an ambiguous stimulus
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projective
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process involving the recording of behavior in its natural context, such as the the classroom or the home is known as ___observation
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in vivo
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Humanistic theorist minimize the role of free will in human experience
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false
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the deficiency of the neurotransmitters norepinephrine is the primary cause of Parkinson’s disease
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false
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Daffodils, a mental healthcare unit, promotes positive functioning in clients by creating a therapeutic community. Every member of its staff, whether a therapist, a nurse, or paraprofessional, takes part in the overall mission of providing an environment that supports positive change. the underlying idea is that the pressure to conform to conventional social norms of behavior fosters more adaptive behavior on the part of individual clients. this is an example of
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milieu therapy
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a clients realization that his or her problems are not unique can be facilitated most efficiently by
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group therapy
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___proposed that people are born with a genetic predisposition that places them at risk of developing a psychological disordr if exposed to certain extremely taxing life experiences?
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diathesis-stress model