A+ Hardware

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
A tower case is conserves space since it can double as a monitor stand. (TRUE or FALSE)
False
A DVI port transmits a video signal and is also called DB-15 port. (TRUE or FALSE)
False
Hard drives have three connections for cables: one for reading data, one for writing data, and one for power. (TRUE or FALSE)
False
S/PDIF
an audio port that connects to an external home theater audio system, providing digital audio outpost
motherboard
called a system board
has a CPU socket
has slots for DIMMs
not true about motherboard
has a heat sink on the PCIe Slots
PSU
component probably has a dual-voltage selector switch, and cables that connect to the motherboard and drives
ATX
the most common form factor today for computer cases, power supplies and motherboards
24-pin
the main motherboards power supply connector on most motherboards today
8-pin
the number of pins that a power connector needs for a PCI Express Version 2 video card that requires extra power
SATA
standard that provides the best performance for hard drives
Volt
unit of electricity that electrical force and 115 is a common value
capacitor
the component which holds its charge even after the power is turned off an the device is unplugged
FRU
a support technician should know how to replace it
Class C
type of fire extinguisher that put out electrical fire
RAM
is temporary storage for data and instructions as they are being proccessed
microATX
this form factor reduces the total cost of system by reducing the expansion slots, and allows for smaller case size
181
10110101
227
11100011
209
D1
249
3B
63
111111
Immediately after you unplug the computer from the power outlet, you’re safe to begin working inside the case.(TRUE or FALSE)
False
Heat sink
uses fins that draw heat away from the processor
the motherboard sits on elevated screw holes or spacers to keep it from touching the case. (TRUE or FALSE)
True
when disassembling a computer, it’s okay to sack circuit boards on top of each other as long as follow ESD protection rules. (TRUE or FALSE)
FALSE
a good practice when working inside a computer case
remove loose jewelry
a good practice when working inside a computer case
don’t touch a microchip with a magnetized screwdriver
a good practice when working inside a computer case
don’t touch inside of computer that is turned on
not a good practice when working inside a computer case
be sure to hold expansion cards by the edge connectors
the side of the computer case
what you should normally clip the ground bracelet to before you work inside the computer case
Elevator
a plastic or metal pegs that separate the motherboard from the bottom of the case
4-pin power cord
supplies supplement power to the processor
cooler
sits on top of the processor and consists of a fan and a heat sink
video card or graphic card
a component in a high-end gaming computer is likely to draw the most power
PCIe is backward compatible. (TRUE or FALSE)
False
when you build a computer from parts, you usually by deciding on which processor and motherboard you will use.(TRUE or FALSE)
True
A FlexATX motherboard is larger than an ATX motherboard.(TRUE or FALSE)
False
Typically, PGA sockets give better the LGA sockets. (TRUE or FALSE)
False
BGA
socket that is soldered to the motherboard, along with the CPU
ZIF
socket that ensures that even force is applied to the processor when it is being installed in the socket
unit of of measurement that used to measure the frequency of memory, FSB, and the processor
hertz
COMS RAM
where computers today store almost all motherboard configuration data
change the boot sequence
a setting you can configure from the BIOS setup program
Sandy Bridge (second generation chipsets)
type of Intel chipsets that was the first to support the graphics controller to be part of the processor
serial
type of bus PCI Express uses
the motherboard form-factor
determines the size of the board
most cases have one or more positions on the case to hold a case to hold a case fan to help draw air out of the case. (TRUE or FALSE)
True
the two major manufactures of processors are Intel and NVIDIA. (TRUE or FALSE)
False
when installing a processor, you must line up the red circle on the processor with the right-angle mark on the motherboard. (TRUE or FALSE)
False
feature of a processor
clock speed
feature of a processor
processor architecture
feature of a processor
multi-core processing
Multithreading
general name of the processor feature that AMD calls HyperTransport
Level 1 cache
type of processor memory that is located on the processor chip (processor die)
control unit
component of a processor
registers
component of a processor
memory caches
component of a processor
not a component of a processor
device driver
multiplier
the factor describing the relation between the processor frequency and the Front Side Bus
the measurement unit that the processor core frequency is measured in
gigahertz
DIMMs use a 64-bit data path. (TRUE or FALSE)
True
CL5 memory is faster than CL3 memaory. (TRUE or FALSE)
False
DRAM
type of memory that is the main memory installed as DIMMs on a motherboard
DDR3
type of memory that can support quad, triple, and dual channels
Nanoseconds
unit of measurement is used for DIMM read and Write times
SDRAM
runs synchronized with the system clock
DIMMs slots
color coding is used to identify the channel
DDR3 DIMM have how many notches?
3
CAS latency
measured memory access timing
question you should answer before adding memory to system.
How much RAM do I need and how much is currently installed?
question you should answer before adding memory to system.
how many and what kind of memory modules are currently installed on my motherboard?
question you should answer before adding memory to system.
how many and what kind of modules can I fit in my motherboard?
question you should answer before adding memory to system.
how do I select and purchase the right modules for my upgrade?
question you should answer before adding memory to system.
How do I physically install the new Modules?

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