5th Grade Civil War Test Study Guide

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First Battle of the Civil War
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Fort Sumter
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Happened in Virginia A revolt led by abolitionist John Brown
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John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry
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Led by Sherman The goal was to destroy Atlanta because it was the center of goods and trade in the south.
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Atlanta Campaign
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This was the turning point in the war where the union stopped the confederates.
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Gettysburg
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Led by General Sherman He destroyed everything in his path from Tennessee to North Carolina
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Sherman’s March to the Sea
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He was president during the civil war and wanted to end slavery.
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Abraham Lincoln
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President of the Confederacy
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Jefferson Davis
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Confederate General He surrendered at Appomattox Court House to end the war.
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Robert E. Lee
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Confederate General who became famous during the Battle at Bull Run.
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Stonewall Jackson
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Union General He became the 18th President of the United States.
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Ulysses S Grant
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She was the leader of the Underground Railroad.
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Harriet Tubman
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Author of Uncle Tom’s Cabin
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Harriet Beecher Stowe
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A slave who took his case for freedom to the Supreme Court.
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Dred Scott
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What type of Economy did the North have? How is that different from the south?
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The North had an Industrial Economy and the South had an Agricultural Economy.
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The North wanted to abolish slavery and the South wanted to allow slavery.
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What was the difference in the North and South’s views on Slavery?
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How did the North and South differ in their views on government?
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The North believed in a strong federal government and the South believed in States’ rights.
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Who won the civil war? Why?
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The Union won because they had more soldiers, better weapons, more supplies, more money, better leaders and organization.
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Why did the losing side lose?
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The Confederates lost because they had fewer men and resources than the North. They also were fighting for individual states instead of a country.
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What advantage did the North have?
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The North had lots of weapons (built in their factories), more soldiers, more supplies, and more railroads.
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Where were the five battles you have learned about fought?
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1. Fort Sumter- South Carolina 2. Atlanta Campaign – Atlanta 3. Sherman’s March to the Sea – From Atlanta to Savannah 4. Gettysburg – Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 5. Appottomax Court House – Appottomax, Virginia
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Who was the president of the Confederacy?
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Jefferson Davis
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What were the three main causes of the Civil War?
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1. Slavery 2. states rights
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What happened at Appomattox Courthouse and in what year?
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General Lee surrendered to General Grant in 1865.
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What is total war and who used it?
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Total war is a battle strategy General Sherman used to destroy everything in his path from Atlanta to Savannah. He used it in Sherman’s March to the Sea.
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Which battle is known as the turning point of the Civil War?
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Gettysburg
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Who was the main General of the South?
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General Lee
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How did tariffs help the North during the Civil War?
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If forced people to buy from local factories. They did not have to import or export as much because they had their own goods.
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What was Uncle Tom’s Cabin?
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A book about the cruelty of slavery. The author wrote it to convince people that slavery was bad.
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Who was the main General of the North?
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General Grant
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Why was the South in favor of slavery?
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They used slave labor on plantations for farming and picking cotton.
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Why did the Confederates start to weaken?
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No food, total war, lost lives
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What was General Sherman’s strategy for the March to the Sea from Atlanta to Savannah?
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Total war
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Why did the southern states leave the union in 1861?
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They felt that they did not have states rights. They weren’t able to make their own laws such as having slavery.
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What is a tariff?
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A government tax on imported goods.
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What was the Emancipation Proclamation?
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It was a proclamation that freed slave.
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Who was John Brown?
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He was an abolitionist that led a raid at a storage facility in Harper’s Ferry Virginia.
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Battle of Fort Sumter
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This was the first of battle of the Civil War.
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Abolish
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To get rid of
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States Rights
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The belief that individual states should have more rights than the federal government.
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secede
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To break away from a political union
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Battle of Gettysburg
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The bloodiest battle of the Civil War and the turning point for the North.
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Atlanta Campaign
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Union troops led a destructive march from Tennessee to Atlanta in 1864.
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Appomattox Court House
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Where the Civil War ended in 1865
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Sherman’s March to the Sea
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A destructive march by the Union troops from Atlanta to Savannah in 1864.
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What was President Lincoln’s ultimate goal for the Civil War?
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To bring the Union back together.

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