z- Vitamin Table Flashcard

Vitamin A

o   General Roles

§  Vision, Growth, Reproduction

o   Symptoms or Deficiency of Disease

§  Nyctalopia, xerophthalmia, keratomalacia

 

Vitamin D2, D3

o   General Roles

§  Modulation of Ca2+ metabolism, calcification of bone and teeth

o   Symptoms or Deficiency of Disease

§  Rickets (young), Osteomalacia (adult)

Vitamin E

o   General Roles

§  Antioxidant for unsaturated lipids, neurological and reproductive function

o   Symptoms or Deficiency of Disease

§  Lipid peroxidation, including red blood cell fragility, hemolytic anemia (premature newborn)

 

Vitamin K1, K2

o   General Roles

§  Blood Clotting, osteocalcins

o   Symptoms or Deficiency of Disease

§  Increased Clotting time, RIA time, hemorrhagic disease (infant)

 

Vitamin B1

o   General Roles

§  Carbohydrate Metabolism, nervous funtion

o   Symptoms or Deficiency of Disease

§  Beriberi, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome

Vitamin B2

o   General Roles

§  Oxidation-reduction reactions

o   Symptoms or Deficiency of Disease

§  Angular stomattis, dermatitis, photophobia

Vitamin B6

o   General Roles

§  Amino acid, phospholipid, and glycogen metabolism

o   Symptoms or Deficiency of Disease

§  Epileptiform convusions, dermatitis, hypochromic anemia

Niacin

o   General Roles

§  Oxidation-reduction reactions

o   Symptoms or Deficiency of Disease

§  Pellagra

Folic Acid

o   General Roles

§  Nucleic acid and amino acid biosynthesis

o   Symptoms or Deficiency of Disease

§  Megaloblastic anemia, neutral tube defects

Vitamin B12

o   General Roles

§  Amino acid and branched chain keto acid metabolism

o   Symptoms or Deficiency of Disease

§  Pernicious and megaloblastic anemia, neuropathy

Biotin

o   General Roles

§  Carboxylation reactions

o   Symptoms or Deficiency of Disease

§  Dermatitis

 

Pantothenic Acid

o   General Roles

§  General metabolism, acetyl and acyl transfer

o   Symptoms or Deficiency of Disease

§  Burning feet syndrome

Vitamin C

o   General Roles

§  Connective tissue formation, antioxidant

o   Symptoms or Deficiency of Disease

§  Scurvy

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