Writer’s Choice unit 10 Parts Of Speech

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What is a noun?
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General name for a person, place, thing, or idea. e.g grandfather, peacock, kitchen
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What is a proper noun?
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name of a particular person, place, thing, or idea. e.g William Loman, Illinois, doorknob, love.
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What is a concrete noun?
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Nouns that identify objects that are tangible has a physical exsistance and can be touched or can be identified through the senses. touch smell, sight, hear, taste.
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What is an abstract noun?
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names an idea, quality, or state has no physical exsistance
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What is a collective noun?
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refers to a group of people or things. e.g Committee, choir, or pride of lions
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What is a compound noun?
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a noun that is made up of two or more words. e.g toothpaste
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What is a possessive noun?
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shows possession, ownership or general relationship between two nouns. adding an apostrophe and -s to form the possessive of a singular noun, even one that ends in s use an apostrophe alone to form the possessive of the plural noun that ends in s
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What is a pronoun?
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word used in place of a noun or another pronoun
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What are personal pronoun (singular)?
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i, me, you, he, him, her, it
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What are personal pronoun (plural)?
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we, us, you, they, them
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What is possessive pronoun?
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shows ownership or relationship
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What are possessive pronoun (singular)?
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my, mine, your, yours, his, her, hers, its
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What is a possessive pronoun (plural)?
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our, ours, your, yours, their, theirs
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What is a reflexive pronoun?
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reflects action back upon the subject and adds info to the sentence
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What are reflexive pronoun (singular)?
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myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself
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What are reflexive pronoun (plural)?
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ourselves, yourselves, themselves
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What is an intensive pronoun?
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adds emphasis to a noun or pronoun in the same sentence
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What is demonstrative pronoun?
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points out specific persons, places, things, or ideas
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What are some examples of demonstrative pronouns?
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this, these, that, those
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What is an interrogative pronoun?
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used to ask a question. e.g Who is the best athlete on the team?
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Name interrogative pronouns
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who, whom, whose, which, what
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What is relative pronoun?
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used to introduce subordinate clauses. e.g Rene, who is from Paris, drives a Porsche.
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Name relative pronouns
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who, whom, whose, which, that
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What is an indefinite pronoun?
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does not refer to a specific person, place or thing
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Name the indefinite pronouns
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another, anybody, anything, everybody, everything, much, nobody
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What is a verb?
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expresses an action, condition, or a state of being
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What is an Action Verb?
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Describes physical or mental Action. e.g smile, jog, point, think, worry.
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What is a transitive verb?
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action verb appears with a direct object they answer the questions what? or why? e.g Jack made his own wedding cake. (the words wedding cake follow the transitive verb made and answer the question made what?)
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What is an Intransitive Verb?
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action verb appears with a direct object they answer the question where. e.g Condors live in the Andes. answers the question Where.
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What is a linking verb?
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links the subject of the sentence with words or groups of words that identify or describe it.
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Can All Forms of be Verbs function as Linking Verbs?
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yes e.g Tomorrow will be bright. Oro is the Spanish word for Gold
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be verbs
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is am are was were been being be
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What are some common linking verbs?
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Seem, appear, become, remain, smell, taste, feel, look, sound.
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What are condition senses(linking verbs)?
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look smell feel sound taste
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Name some ,condition other (GRABS)
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grow remain appear become seem
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What is a Helping Verb?
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verbs that come before the main verb, or the verb describing the action of the sentence. helping verbs can help a verb to tell us exactly when something occurred in time
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What are auxiliary verbs?
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are helping verbs combined with verbs to make verb phrases
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auxiliary verbs are
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is am are was were been being be has have had do does did may might must will would can could shall should
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What is an adjective?
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modifies or limits the meaning of a noun or pronoun
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Give examples of comparative and superlative forms of hot, sharp, and psychic.
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hot, hotter, hottest sharp, sharper, sharpest psychic, more psychic, most psychic
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What 3 questions does an adjective answer?
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what kind, which one, how many(much)
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What is the most common adjective?
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articles e.g a, the, an
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what are indefinite articles?
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a and an
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What is a definite articles?
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the
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What is a Proper Adjective?
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are formed from proper nouns and are always capitalized. e.g Italian opera Dutch tulips
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what is an adverb?
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modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb e.g Run quickly
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What 5 questions do adverbs answer?
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When, Where, How,What To what Degree
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What are intensifier adverbs
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an adverb that defines the degree of an adjective or adverb
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Name some common adverbs
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also back even far fast forth hard late long more
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Name intensifiers adverbs
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extremely just quite rather so
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Adverbs Always precede the adjectives and the adverbs they Modify? True or False
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True
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An Adverb position with a verb can very True or False?
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True e.g I disagree with you completely. I completely disagree with you.
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What is preposition
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shows the relationship between a noun or pronoun and another word in a sentence. These relationships often show space or time.
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What is the Object of the preposition?
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Prepositions that begin phrases that conclude with a noun or pronoun
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What is a compound preposition?
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Consists of more than one word. e.g According to the law on top of Old smokey
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What is a conjunction?
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connects words or groups of words
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what are the three kinds of conjunctions?
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coordinating, correlative, subordinating
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coordinating conjunctions
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connect words or groups of equal importance in a sentence
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coordinating conjunctions are (FANBOYS)
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for and nor but or yet so
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What is correlative conjunction?
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word pairs that serve to join words or groups of words
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correlative conjunctions are
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both…and, neither…nor, either…now, whether…or not only… but also
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What is a subordinating conjunction?
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join two clauses so that one clause depends grammatically upon the other. the clause introduced by the subordinating clause is called a dependent clause and can’t stand alone as a sentence.
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conjunctive adverbs are
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also, finally, furthermore, however, nevertheless, otherwise, similarly, still, therefore, thus
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What are conjunctive adverbs?
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used to express relationships between independent clauses
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interjection
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word or phrase used to express emotion
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strong interjection is followed by a
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exclamation point
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mild interjection is followed by a
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comma

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