World Studies Final Exam Study Guide

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Because of the high percentage of Europeans living there, ___________ and _________ are known as immigrant nations.
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Argentina, Uruguay
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What language is spoken in Brazil?
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Portuguese
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Where did reggae originate?
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Jamaica
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Merengue came from the Dominican Republic and was later influenced by __________ settlers who introduced the accordion to the island music style.
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German
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Which of the following is an example of the Columbian Exchange?
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cattle in the Americas
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Why were Europeans less vulnerable to most diseases than Native Americans?
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They had built up immunities.
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Who led the army that defeated the Aztecs?
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Hernán Cortés
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Which of the following correctly lists a food or animal and its native land?
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turkey/Americas
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Which of the following European diseases was often the most lethal to Native Americans?
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smallpox
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Which of the following motivations caused Portugal’s gain interest in colonizing Brazil?
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economic
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The Aztec practice of shared property contrasted greatly with the European ideal of
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self-reliance.
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Where did Native Americans who lived in the cultural regions of Tropical, Andean and Savanna-Orinoco live?
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South America
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Which characteristic regarding the Americas often stood out the most for many Europeans?
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reports of human sacrifice
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Which early American civilization is this image connected to?
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Olmec
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Most Native Americans of the Great Basin were
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hunter gatherers.
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Islam developed from the teachings of the prophet Muhammad who was born in (on)
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the Arabian Peninsula.
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Which of the following empires conquered the largest amount of territory?
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the Mongol Empire
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The Byzantine Empire occupied
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Eastern Mediterranean and Anatolia.
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The earliest civilizations settled in the
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Fertile Crescent.
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The Persian Empire covers much of present day __________, which is why people from there are often referred to as Persian.
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Iran
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Which of the following is the best definition of China’s economic system?
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a mixed economy
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Japanese history, from the 1950s on was very connected to a focus on ___________ growth.
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economic
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During the energy crisis of the 1970s, the Japanese economy—which was oil dependent—was also hit hard. Japan reacted by shifting to __________ industries.
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high technology
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Which of the following tactics did Mao Zedong use against political opponents?
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He sent them to prison or labor camps.
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East Pakistan is now
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Bangladesh.
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What theory was used by the United States government to justify intervention in many countries around the world during the Cold War?
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domino theory
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What was the outcome of the Vietnam War?
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South Vietnam fell to North Vietnam and became communist.
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What was the first armed conflict of the Cold War?
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the Korean War
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Which of the following was NOT a characteristic trait of Mao’s Socialist Man?
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love of freedom
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What opened relations between China and the United States?
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the Sino-Soviet split
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Who was targeted during the White Terror, during which thousands of people were murdered?
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members and supporters of CCP
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How did the Chinese Communist revolution differ from the Russian Revolutions?
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China lacked a proletariat.
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Which of the following lists in the correct chronological order the creation of the following Chinese groups?
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United League, GMD, CCP
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In both China and Japan, which group often wielded a large amount of power and control?
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scholar-gentry
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What was a goal of the Five-Power Treaty, the Four-Power Treaty and the Nine-Power Treaty?
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global trade barriers
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Which English institution was initially tasked with governing British India?
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the British East India Company
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What was the state of the many, diverse, religions in India under British rule?
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They were, for the most part, united behind a goal for independence.
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What did the Lahore Resolution include?
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the creation of the Muslim state of Pakistan
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What was the second largest religion in British India?
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Islam
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In what part if India was Sikhism predominant?
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northwest India
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What is the main goal of non-violent resistance?
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that both the oppressor and the oppressed recognize their common human bond
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What type of government did China establish in 1912?
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republic
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Conflict between which two groups had the greatest effect on Gandhi’s vision of a free and united India?
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Hindus and Muslims
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By the turn of the 17th century, which of the following was NOT characteristic of Ming China?
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strong leaders
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What was the main reason that Europe began to trade opium for Chinese goods?
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to ensure better trading profits
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Who assisted Chinese rebels in overthrowing the Ming dynasty and installing the Qing dynasty?
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Manchus
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Which of the following was once a tribute empire of China?
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Vietnam
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What is often credited with allowing continuity in the Chinese political system?
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the civil service examination system
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The system of feudalism depended on what type of ruler?
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weak
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Mercantilism and the spread of religion were reasons to expand overseas for
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Spain
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By the 17th century which European nation was most successful at exerting control over Southeast Asia?
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the Netherlands
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Which of the following was NOT a main trade zone of the Indian Ocean Basin?
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African zone
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The map above details some European colonial possessions in Southeast Asia by the 18th century. Who is represented in blue, and who is represented in yellow?
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blue: Spain/yellow: the Netherlands
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Which two nations turned to policies of isolation by the 17th century?
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China and Japan
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What was a main goal of Portugal, in terms of increasing trade within the Indian Ocean basin?
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to capture bases and forts in order to exert increasing influence over the region
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Which of the following would be considered most characteristic of a tribute empire?
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self-rule
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Korean adoption of Chinese culture is known as
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Sinification.
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Vietnamese culture was more connected to _____________ than to China.
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Southeast Asia
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From which Asian region did the Tale of Genji come from?
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Japan
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In both European and Japanese feudalism, power was in the hands of
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land owners.
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While China’s government benefited from the ingrained ideas of Confucianism and legalism to establish civic behavior and virtue, India depended on ______________ to regulate social interaction among its diverse populations.
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the caste system
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In what way did geography affect the development of India differently than in the development of China?
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India was more accessible to outsiders.
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During India’s classical era, a movement to reform Hinduism placed the focus of Hinduism on
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spirituality.
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What type of economy developed in the pink region on the map of India above?
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agriculture
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Which of the following best supports the statement below? The people of India did not see themselves as a cohesive whole the way people in China did during the Classical Era.
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There was no official language of India.
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Which of the following is characteristic of the Aryan Age?
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Sanskrit writing
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In what way did the Himalayas affect early civilizations in China and India?
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They served as a protective barrier.
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What was used to justify the caste system?
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the Rig Veda
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The Dravidians are largely associated with the __________ region of India.
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southern
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The first civilization of South Asia emerged in the
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Indus River Valley.

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