World Power -Imperialism -American Diplomacy in Asia

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Sphere of influence
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section of a country where a foreign nation enjoys special rights and powers
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Imperialism
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is the economic and political domination of a strong nation over weaker ones
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protectorate
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a country that is technically independent but is actually under the control of another country
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expansion
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the act or process of increasing or enlarging the extent, number, volume, or scope
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Pan-Americanism
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the idea that the United States and Latin American nations should work together
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conference
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a meeting of two or more persons for discussing matters of common concern
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access
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freedom or ability to obtain or make use of
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tension
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friction or opposition between groups
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guerrillas
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armed fighters who carry out surprise attacks
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yellow journalism
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type of sensational, biased, and often false reporting for the sake of attracting readers
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intervene
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to get involved in the affairs of another
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diplomacy
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Working with another country to solve problems in a peace full way
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Why did the United States want to eliminate spheres of influence in China?
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U.S. politicians and businessmen worried about foreign nations controlled economic development so they supported Open Door Policy
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Was President Roosevelt correct in his belief that a strong military presence promoted global peace?
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How did “moral diplomacy ” shape foreign policy?
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Wilson opposed imperialism. He believed that democracy was essential to a nation’s stability and prosperity. He wanted the United States to promote democracy to create a world free of revolution and war. He hoped the United States would lead by moral example, but his first international crisis thwarted that hope.
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What were the reasons United States want a canal through Central America?
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U.S. power in the world and would save time and money for commercial and military shipping
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What type of diplomacy style did President Roosevelt have?
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Big Stick Diplomacy -Display of US military power to maintain regional stability
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What type of diplomacy style did President Taft have?
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Dollar Diplomacy –Helping nations economically rather than protecting them militarily
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What type of diplomacy style did President Wilson have?
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Moral diplomacy–Wilson opposed imperialism. He believed that democracy was essential to a nation’s stability and prosperity. He wanted the United States to promote democracy to create a world free of revolution and war. He hoped the United States would lead by moral example, but his first international crisis thwarted that hope.
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What is Moral Diplomacy?
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Encouraged democracy by basing foreign aid on moral government
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What is Big Stick ?
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Display of US Power to maintain regional stability
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What is Dollar Diplomacy?
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Helping nations economically rather than protecting them militarily
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What regions did President Roosevelt ‘s diplomacy affect?
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Latin America & Asia
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What regions did President Taft’s diplomacy affect?
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Latin America & Central America
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What regions did President Wilson’s diplomacy affect?
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Latin America & Caribbean
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What is open door policy?
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a policy that allowed each foreign nation in China to trade freely in the other nations’ spheres of influence
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What was America’s primary interest in Asia?
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trade with China and Japan
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Secretary of State of John Hay promoted ________, in which all nations agreed to let the others trade with China?
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Open Door Policy
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After ______, Secretary of State John Hay convinced European powers not to divide China into colonies
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The Boxer Rebellion
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What enabled Theodore Roosevelt to become president in 1901?
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The assassination of President McKinley
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What did Theodore Roosevelt mean when he spoke of the United States carrying a “Big Stick”?
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Roosevelt believed that displaying U.S. power to the world would deter nations from fighting. He expressed this belief with a West African saying, “Speak softly and carry a big stick.”
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Theodore Roosevelt gained territorial rights in Panama by means of
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supporting a revolution in Panama
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In the “Roosevelt corollary” to the ___________, the United States asserted greater power in Latin America
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Monroe Doctrine
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What event prompted President Wilson to send troops into Mexico in 1916?
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On March 1916, Pancho Villa (VEE•yuh) and a group of guerrillas—armed fighters who carry out surprise attacks—burned the town of Columbus, New Mexico, killing 17 Americans-Pancho Villa led a raid on a town in New Mexico.
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President Taft’s policies towards Latin American countries become known as____________
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Dollar Diplomacy
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How were President Wilson’s foreign policies different those from his predecessors?
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Wilson opposed imperialism. He believed that democracy was essential to a nation’s stability and prosperity. He wanted the United States to promote democracy to create a world free of revolution and war. He hoped the United States would lead by moral example, but his first international crisis thwarted that hope
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Why did the United States assert itself as a world power?
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the economic and political domination of a strong nation over weaker ones
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How did the United States attempt to strengthen its ties and influences with the nations of Latin America?
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Pan Americanism
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What was the reason the United States became more active in international affairs during 1872-1917?
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the need to find new markets
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What is imperialism?
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the economic and political domination of a strong nation over weaker ones
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What economic policies where put in place by individualized nations cause those nations to look for a new market?
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high tariffs against one another’s goods
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How did the rise in factories influence the American drive toward imperialism?
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No country had access to all the natural resources needed to run their industries.
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What is a foreign area whose rulers are allowed to retain power in exchange for protection of a more powerful nation is called
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a protectorate
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What was John Fiske’s idea of Anglo-Saxonism promoted the notion that………
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English-speaking countries were superior to others.
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What new American attitude toward international affairs led to the building-up of the U.S. Navy?
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a willingness to go to war to protect American interests overseas
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How did U.S. attempts at opening trade with Japan influence Japanese culture?
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The Japanese began an industrial revolution of their own.
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Why did the United States seek trade cooperation with Latin America?
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to increase Latin American demand for American products
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The idea that the U.S. and Latin America should work together became known as
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Pan-Americanism.
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Why was the United States willing to go to war with Spain over Cuba?
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they wanted to protect American business investments and other interests in Cuba. The proximity of Cuba to U.S. soil.)
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jingoism
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extreme nationalism marked by aggressive foreign policy
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Describe the level of autonomy that Cuba obtained after the Spanish-American War.
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Cuba became independent, although the United States controlled its foreign relations and had great influence over internal affairs.
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Identify two results of the United States intervening in the revolution in Cuba.
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they wanted to protect American business investments and other interests in Cuba. The proximity of Cuba to U.S. soil.)
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How was the Spanish-American War different from earlier U.S. wars?
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How did the United States develop an overseas empire?
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What U.S. action in 1894 set off a new rebellion in Cuba?
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The U.S. increased its sugar tariff
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What caused many Americans to support the Cuban rebels?
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exaggerated newspaper stories of Spanish atrocities
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Sensationalist reporting, in which reporters exaggerate or make up stories, is referred to as
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yellow journalism.
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What specific event triggered American cries for war against Spain?
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the sinking of the U.S.S. Maine in Havana Harbor
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What Spanish possession did the U.S. gain on May 1, 1898, when Commodore George Dewey defeated the Spanish navy?
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the Philippines
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Who was an American volunteer cavalry unit, attacked San Juan Hill in Cuba and won?.
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The Rough Riders
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Which of the following was a Spanish territory acquired by the U.S. during the Spanish-American War?
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Puerto Rico
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Why were some American leaders opposed to the annexation of the Philippines?
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the Treaty of Paris
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What treaty ended the Spanish-American War?
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Treaty of Paris
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What happened as a result of the American annexation of the Philippines?
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The Filipinos rebelled
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Manifest Destiny
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Social Darwinism
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The application of ideas about evolution and “survival of the fittest” to human societies – particularly as a justification for their imperialist expansion.
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How does Manifest Destiny and racism relate to imperialism?
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