World Lit. test #1 Narrative Essay

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In what work did the author Dr. Samuel Johnson define reason as \”the power by which man deduces one proposition from another, or proceeds from premises to consequences\”?
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A Dictionary of the English Language
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Literacy in the Enlightenment was concentrated in which of the following social strata?
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Upper class
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Which Enlightenment work tells of an African prince who is tricked into slavery and taken to the New World?
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Oroonoko
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The Enlightenment ideal of decorum suggested that ..
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Literacy subjects must be fitted to their appropriate genre
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The Enlightenment’s emphasis on individual reason as a ruling principle led to increasing belief in divine right of kings
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Not true
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As part of the Enlightenment belief in the constancy, or universality, of natural laws, God was often imagined as a ..
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Watchmaker
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Enlightenment philosophers and writers, regardless of their belief in tradition or progress, tended to value which of the following?
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Reason
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The topic of children is largely absent from Enlightenment writing because ..
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Philosophers did not think they were capable of possessing the ability to reason
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The Enlightenment was a time of great tension between the ideals of ..
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Tradition and progress
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What was \”the Great Chain of Being\” as Enlightenment thinkers understood it?
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A hierarchy that put everything in its place
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What was satire
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Criticism of vice and folly
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According to MoliĂšre what is the main purpose of comedy?
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To correct men’s vices
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Who were the targets of MoliĂšre’s farces?
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The aspiring but vulgar middle class, hypochondriac, miser, and religious hypocrite
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Which character in Tartuffe best calls attention to folly through wisdom, counseling, moderation, common sense and self-control?
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Cléante
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ClĂ©ante suggest the best way to lead one’s life is?
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To conduct oneself so that one has a clear conscience
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According to Cléante, the lesson Orgon ought to learn is?
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To be more moderate in his beliefs and conduct
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Which two characters plot to unmask Tartuffe as a villain?
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Elmire and Dorine
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The stubborn father, the young rebellious lovers and the cunning maid represent what kind of dramatic device?
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Stock characters
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Why does Tartuffe destroy a handkerchief pressed into the book Life of Jesus?
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Handkerchiefs symbolize a woman’s approval of her suitor and it was inappropriate to place a love object inside a religious text
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What is ValĂ©re’s reaction to the news that Mariane must marry Tartuffe?
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Another woman has caught his attention
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What is NOT an outcome of Tartuffe’s plot?
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He is NOT excommunicated from the Catholic Church
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Tartuffe disrupts social structure and rationality with monstrous lust for which of the following?
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Money, power and women
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Why does the king restore Orgon’s papers and pardons him for possession of an exile’s documents?
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Because he found Tartuffe’s behavior hypocritical. The prince does not friend double dealers. Tartuffe is a traitor and good deeds should be praised
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Moliere completed most of his plays during the reign of and financial support from which French King?
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Louis XIV
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Tartuffe is known as an imposter in which scene does he NOT act as an impostor?
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Expressing his admiration and devotion to Elmire
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During the introductory dialogue between Madame Pernelle and Dorine, to whom do the lines \”Thereafter, they’re severe with everyone, condemning all our actions, pardoning none, and claiming to be pure, austere, and zealous\”, refer?
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Dorine is criticizing Orante, the next door neighbor for spreading false gossip because she is old and jealous
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Why does Dorine mock Orgon when he returns home to inquire about household news?
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Because Orgon is only concerned with news of Tartuffe and not the fact that his wife was very ill
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To what does the word \”nature\” refer in the lines \”Ah Brother, man’s a strangely fashioned creature/Who Seldom is content to folloew Nature…?\”
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Reason
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What oath does ClĂšante criticize Tartuffe for breaking?
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False piety, good deeds characterize religious men. Broke religious oath.
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Which of the following is Not a reason that Dorine gives why Marine and Tartuffe should not be married?
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Mariane is already promised to Valére and Orgon must uphold his oath
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Under what sole condition does Elmire promise Tartuffe she will not reveal his attempts to seduce her?
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Use his influence over Orgon to get forward ValĂ©re’s and Mariane’s marriage and renounce any desire to dispossess
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Which of the following is NOT a change that Orgon makes in the household to show support of Tartuffe and family attempts to denounce him?
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He forces Marianne to join a convent until she agrees to marry Tartuffe
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What \”science\” does Tartuffe propose to teach Elmire so that she feels comfortable cheating on her husband?
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Purity of intention
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What does Damis propose as a solution when it is discovered that Tartuffe has taken the box containing the exiled papers?
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A duel
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What sarcastic comment does Dorine make regarding Tartuffe’s theif of the locked box?
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She states the box will strip Orgon of his material wealth and status and better prepare him for the Kingdom of God
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Tartuffe says his first duty is to whom?
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The King
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The author claims he cannot benefit from his proposal because?
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His wife is past child-bearing years and his son is old enough (9 years old)
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The author’s modest proposal is aimed at solving?
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Ireland’s complex social, political, and economic problems: Kids being a burden to their parents and country, is aimed at making them beneficial
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What use does the author suggest for children of the poor?
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Breed children for food and flesh. Poor can breed and sell them for money.
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Which of the following is a rhetorical characteristic at the center of Swift’s writing?
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Satire, sarcasm and/or paradox
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The modest proposal reduces the population of which \”most dangerous enemies\”?
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Papists (the anti-catholic)
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How does the modest proposal improve marital relations among the poor?
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It would improve a mother’s care, fat babies, men would be more fond of their wives, less risk of abuse to not hurt the baby
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The author estimates the population of Ireland to be approximately?
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1.5 million
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Ironically, the author suggests the modest proposal will prevent?
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Voluntary abortion and practice of murdering bastard children
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What, according to Swift, is the monetary value of \”the carcass of a good fat child\”?
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10 shillings

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