World History Unit 4 Vocabulary

Flashcard maker : Kenneth Wheeler
an early native american people who lived in the american southwest
Anasazi
a village of large apartment-like buildings made of clay and stone, built by the anasazi and later peoples of the american southwest
pueblo
in incan society, a small community or family group whose members worked together for the common good
ayllu
in the inca empire, requirement that all able-bodied subjects work for the state a number of months a year
mita
an arrangement of knotted strings on a chord, used by the inca to record numerical information
quipu
period of European history, from about 1300-1600 AD, during which renewed interest in classical culture led to far-reaching changes in art, learning, and views of the world
Renaissance
a renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements
humanism
an artistic technique that creates the appearance of 3 dimensions on a flat surface
perspective
concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters
secular
a pardon releasing a person from punishments due for a sin
indulgence
a member of a Christian church founded on the principles of reformation
Protestant
doctrine that God has decided all things beforehand, including which people will be eternally saved
predestination
16th century movement in which the roman catholic church sought to make changes in response to the protestant reformation
Catholic Reformation
members of the Society of Jesus, a roman catholic religious order founded by Ignatius of Loyola
Jesuits
a meeting of roman catholic leaders, called by Pope Paul the third to rule on doctrines critisized by protestant reformers
Council of Trent
body of religious teachings based on ideas of reformer John Calvin
Calvinism
\”overlord\”, or \”one with power\”; title for Ottoman rulers during the rise of the Ottoman Empire
Sultan
in Ottoman Empire, the policy of taking boys from conquered Christian peoples to be trained as Musliim soldiers
devshirme
member of an elite force of soldiers in the Ottoman Empire
janissary
hereditary monarch of iran
Shah
one of the nomads who invaded the inidan subcontinent in the 16th century and established a powerful empire there
Mughal
member of a nonviolent religious group whose beliefs blend elements of Buddhism, Hinduism, and Sufism
Sikh
a Japenese feudal lord who commanded a private army of samurai
daimyo
a type of Japenese drama in which music, dance, and mime are used to present stories
Kabuki
a land controlled by another nation
colony
the Spanish soldiers, explorers, and fortune hunters who took part in the conquest of the Americas in the 16th century
conquistadors
person of mixed Spanish and Native American ancestry
mestizo
a grant of land made by Spain to a settler in the Americas, including the right to use Native Americans as laborers in it
encomienda
group of people who, in 1620, founded colony of Plymouth in Massachusetts to escape religious persecution in England
pilgrims
group of people who sought freedom from religious persecution in England by founding a colony in Massachusetts Bay in the early 1600’s
Puritans
transatlantic trading network along which slaves and other goods were carried between Africa, England, Europe, the West Indies, and the colonies in the Americas
triangular trade
voyage that brought captured Africans to West Indies, and later to North and South American, to be sold as slaves
middle passage
an economic system based on private ownership and on the investment of money in business ventures in order to make profit
capitalism
a business in which investors pool their wealth for a common purpose, then share the profits
joint-stock company
an economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and solver and by selling more goods than they bought
mercantilism

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