World History Chapter 6 Study Guide!!

Classical Languages
Latin was the official language of the Roman catholic church into the 20th century. the Greek language evolved from the Myceneans.

Republic
a form of gov. in which power is in the hands of representatives and leaders are elected by citizens who have the right to vote.

Jewish Diaspora
centuries of Jewish exile from Greek word “dispersal” (the dipersal of Jews)

Pax Romana
A period of peace and prosperity throughout the Roman Empire, lasting from 27 B.C. to A.D 180.

Consul
In the Roman Republic, one of the two powerful officials elected each year to command the army and direct the gov.

Julius Caesar
A military leader who was elected consul in 59 B.C. with the help of Crassus and Pompey.(these men dominated Rome as a triumvirate, a group of three leaders).

Augustus
bishop in North Africa, one of the most important Fathers

Twelve Tables
Roman laws that were carved into 12 tablets and hung in the forum.

The Gospels
the new testament; the word of Jesus is spread through the gospels.

The Huns
warrior nomads who built their own imperial confederacy in central Europe and invaded Europe in 270 CE from Europe/ Russia to Manchuria

Jesus
A Jew born in Bethlehem(around 6-4 B.C), raised in Nazareth,

Paul
spends life preaching and interpreting

Carthage
location of the greatest phoenician colony.

Plebian
in ancient Rome, one of the common farmers, artisians, and merchants who made up most of the population.

Patrician
in ancient Rome, a member of the wealthy, privileged upper class.

Pompeii(city)
Roman town; ash from volcano eruption A.D. 79 preserves art.