World History, Chapter 4 Vocabulary

Flashcard maker : Chad Lipe
Bronze Age
By 2800 B.C.
Time when the Minoan civilization established life on the island of Crete
Minoan
A civilization that went from 2700 B.C. to 1450 B.C.
Mycanaean
A civilization that flourished between 1600 B.C. and 1100 B.C.
Acropolis
A fortified area on top of a hill
Agora
An open area that served as a place where people could assemble and use as a market
Hoplites
Heavily armed foor soldiers
Phalanx
A type of batte tactic at which soldiers would stand shoulder to shoulder in a rectangular formation holding their shields like a wall.
Tyrant
Ruler who seized power by force from the aristocrats
Democracy
A type of government which is ruled by the people
Oligarchy
A government ruled by few
Helots
Prisoners which then became slaves
Ephors
A group of 5 men in the Spartan governmental system
Delian Leauge
A defensive alliance against the Persians formed by the Athenians in 478 B.C.
Age of Pericles
The period of classical Athenian and Greek history
Direct Democracy
A government system where all male citizen partakes in the decission making in the governemnt through direct, mass meetings.
Ostracism
The process which members of the assembly would write the name of a harmful person and if at least 6,000 members say the name, that person will be banned for 10 years.
Macedonia
The rising power that everyone ignored during the Great Peloponnesian War
Rituals
Ceremonies or rites that Greeks used to worship the Gods and Goddesses
Oracle
A sacred shrine where a god or goddess revealed the furture through a priest or priestess
Tragedies
the first Greek dramas; presented in a trilogy … serious drama about common themes such as love, hate, war or betrayal
Philosophy
The referance to an organized system of thought
Pythagoras
An example to explain the universe. It was taught that the essence of the universe could be found in music and numbers
Sophists
A group of travceling teachers in ancient Greece who rejected speculation such as that of the Pythagoras as foolish.
Hellonistic Era
A new age created by Alexander where Greek language and ideas spread and expanded to non-Greek places like Southwest Asia.
Stoicism
The most popular philosophy of the Hellenistic world. It was taught that possessions aren’t necessary to be happy.
Arete
A hero strives for excellence
Epic Poem
A long poem that tells the deeds of a great hero

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