World History Chapter 26 Terms

Flashcard maker : Linda Lynch
the right to vote
Chartist movement
in 19th-century Britain, members of the working class demanded reforms in Parliament and in elections, including suffrage for all men.
Queen Victoria
British Queen, under whose rule the British empire reached the height of its wealth and power, forced to accept a new, virtually powerless role after the Chartist movement
Third Republic
the republic that was established in France after the downfall of Napoleon III and ended with the German occupation of France during World War II.
Dreyfus affair
a controversy in France in the 1890s, centering on the trial and imprisonment of a Jewish army officer, Captain Alfred Dreyfus, who had been falsely accused of selling military secrets to Germany.
prejudice against Jews.
A policy for establishing and developing a national homeland for Jews in Palestine.
in the British Empire, a nation (such as Canada) allowed to govern its own domestic affairs.
a member of a Polynesian people who settled in New Zealand around a.d. 800.
a member of any of the native peoples of Australia.
penal colony
a colony to which convicts are sent as an alternative to prison.
home rule
a control over internal matters granted to the residents of a region by a ruling government.
Irish Republican Army
an unofficial nationalist military force seeking independence for Ireland from Great Britain.
manifest destiny
the idea, popular among mid- 19th-century Americans, that it was the right and the duty of the United States to rule North America from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.
Abraham Lincoln
16th President of the United States saved the Union during the Civil War and emancipated the slaves; was assassinated by Booth (1809-1865)
to withdraw formally from an association or alliance.
U.S. Civil War
a conflict between Northern and Southern states of the United States over the issue of slavery, last ing from 1861 to 1865.
Emancipation Proclamation
a declaration issued by U.S. president Abraham Lincoln in 1863, stating that all slaves in the Confederate states were free.
the legal or social separation of people of different races.
assembly line
in a factory, an arrangement in which a product is moved from worker to worker, with each person performing a single task in its manufacture.
Carles Darwin
an English naturalist, that caused mass controversy over modern science.
theory of evolution
he idea, proposed by Charles Darwin in 1859, that species of plants and animals arise by means of a process of natural selection.
a form of energy released as atoms decay.
the study of the human mind and human behavior.
mass culture
the production of works of art and entertainment designed to appeal to a large audience.

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