World History 10

Flashcard maker : Larry Charles
A canal between the Red Sea and the Nile River
Trade and transportation were greatly benefitted by ___.
Bronze and Iron weapons
When the Hyksos invaded Egypt, the Egyptians had never seen ___.
Hatshepsut
The first woman ruler known to history was _______.
An empire
A group of territories controlled by one person is ___.
The Rosetta Stone
The discovery that allowed scholars to decipher Egyptian hieroglyphics was _______.
30
The Egyptian calendar contained twelve months, each having _______ days.
1799
The Rosetta Stone was discovered by a French soldier in ______.
Deciphering the Rosetta Stone
Jean Champollion was noted as a French scholar for _______.
Lion
The Sphinx that stands near the Great Pyramid has the body of a _______ and a human head.
Mummification
The process of covering a body with a chemical and wrapping it in strips of linen to preserve it is called _______.
Priests
The first people to make markings that eventually became writing were _______.
100 to 200
The earliest villages usually had about _______ residents.
Still has a direct effect on all of us
History whether it happened millions of years ago or only a few years ago, ______.
Neolithic
Another name for the New Stone Age is the _______ Age.
An artisan
A person skilled in a certain craft is called _______.
Barren with few trees
When the Ice Age ended, the land once covered by ice was mostly _______.
Hieroglyphics
The Egyptian system of writing is called _______.
Lower
During the Ice Age, the ocean levels were _______ than now.
4000 BC
The Old Stone Age ended about _______.
They were too cold and damp
People did not usually live in caves during the Paleolithic Age because _______.
Definitely much different and physically harder than today
Village life for early teenagers was ______.
Sumer
Ur – Erech – and Kish were major city-states of _______.
Cradle of civilization
Mesopotamia is often called the \”_______.\”
Euphrates
The _______ River carries about five times more silt than the Nile.
Code of Hammurabi
The first recorded laws by an empire were called the _______.
722 BC
The northern kingdom of Israel was taken into captivity by Assyria about _____.
Joshua
When Moses died _______ continued to lead the migration to Canaan.
Along the shores of the Mediterranean Sea
The Phoenicians established city-states and colonies _______.
The carriers of civilization
What were the Phoenicians known as?
Canaan
The piece of land that connects Egypt and what was once Mesopotamia was formerly known as _______.
Traders and sailors
The Phoenicians were great _______.
12
The Hebrews organized themselves into _______ tribes.
Tunisia
The Phoenician colony of Carthage in northern Africa is today called _______.
Isaiah
Hebrew traditions were strengthened by the teachings of the major prophet, _______, who taught respect for the individual, concern for the poor, and obedience to God.
Hymns – prayers – and magic spells
Vedas are ______.
Larger than
The populations of Mohenjo-daro and Harappa were _______ the Sumerian and Egyptian cities.
Subcontinent
India is located on a peninsula called a _______.
Fortress
A citadel is a _______.
Busy and inventive people
Historians believe Harappans were most likely _______.
Social system based off birth
A caste is a _______.
Feudal
A/An _______ system developed during the Chou dynasty.
Huang He
The first Chinese civilizations developed around the _______ River.
Shang
A twelve-month calendar was developed during the _______ dynasty.
Fine yellow silt
Loess is _______.
A belief that rulers govern by God’s will
The \”Mandate of Heaven\” is _______.
An’yang
One of the great centers of trade in Ancient China was _______.
Martial king
Wu Wang was known as the \”_______.\”
A special priest guided by the gods
An oracle was _______.
At the center of the universe
The Huang He Chinese thought themselves to be _______.
Mycenaean
From which two earlier civilizations did the Greek civilization develop?
Crete and Rhodes
The two largest islands in the Aegean Sea are _______.
The largest greek peninsulas
Attica and Peloponnesus are _______.
A large Minoan city
Knossos was _______.
A blind greek poet
Homer was _______.
22
The Phoenicians developed an alphabet using only ______ symbols which became the basis of our alphabet today.
After
The Harappan civilization developed _______ the Sumerian and Egyptian civilizations appeared.
Rivers in India
The Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra are all _______.
Cuneiform
The form of writing used by Hammurabi’s scribes was called _______.
Palestine
The world’s first library was located at _______.
Hammurabi
_______ was the Amorite who became king of Babylon.
Philip II
_______ used the fighting tactic known as the phalanx.
Egypt
Alexander founded nearly seventy cities and named sixteen of them Alexandria. The most noted Alexandria was in ______.
Like the greeks
Hellenistic means _____.
Greek orator
Demosthenes was best known as a _______.
Persian – Egyptian – Indian – And greek
The Hellenistic civilization was a blend of these cultures.
He wanted to break the rebellious spirit of the Greek states
Why did Alexander act so quickly in the matter of Thebes?
Demosthenes
The Greek orator, ______, tried to warn the Greeks that Philip was a threat to their independence.
Macedonia
Athens was conqured by ______.
Museum
A great school known as the ______ was built high above the harbors in Alexandria.
Lighthouse in the harbor of Alexandria
The structure that was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World was the _______.
Epicurean
A person fond of luxury and pleasure is called _______.
Tyranny
Government by an individual who seizes power by force is called a _______.
A temple dedicated to Athena
The Parthenon was _______.
Acropolis
The central meeting place for government officials in ancient Greece was the _______.
Nike
The Greek word for victory is _______.
A persian king
Darius was _____.
Bring supplies to Athens
The Long Walls that connected Athens with a nearby seaport were built to _______.
Slave
A helot was a _______.
Land ownership
The basis of political power under the rule of Solon was _______.
Draco
_______ drew up a harsh government code calling for the death penalty for many offenses.
Wisdom
Athena was the goddess of?
Herodotus
_______ is considered to be the \”Father of History.\”
Aristophanes
All of the following EXCEPT _______ were writers of tragedy.
Pancratium
The Olympic event that was a combination of boxing and wrestling was called the _______.
Plato
The founder of the first university was _______.
Zeus
The festival that honored _______ eventually became known as the Olympic Games.
Hera
____ was the queen of the gods.
Intellect
The ability to learn and reason is called _______.
Drinking hemlock
Socrates died by _______.
Czar
Octavian was given all of these titles EXCEPT _______.
Government leaders who wanted to reform
Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus were _______.
Pax Romana
The Roman Empire reached its greatest extent during the _______.
Brutus
Caesar’s friend who helped murder him was _______.
Fortune teller
A soothsayer is a _______.
March 15
The Ides of March is _______.
Pater Patriae
The title that means \”Father of the Country\” is _______.
Pericles
The great lover of democracy who ordered the construction of many beautiful buildings in Athens was _______.
City-state
The Greek word \”polis\” means _______.
Second Punic war
Which war was most important in establishing Rome as the greatest empire in the world?
Cleisthenes
The world’s first democratic constitution was put into effect by _______.
41
Octavian Augustus ruled for ________ years.
Battle of Zama
Because of _______, Rome became the greatest empire at that time in the world.
Carthage
Rome battled _______ for control of Sicily.
Palatine
The hill on which Rome was founded was called _______.
He divided the empire into two sections
What was the most important thing Diocletian did to try to save the Roman Empire?
Romance
Latin-based languages are called _______ languages.
Were poor and lived in filthy conditions
In the century before the birth of Christ, most Romans ______.
Both boys and girls
The Romans educated ______ until the age of twelve.
Cicero
_______ was a Roman statesman who became an author.
Diocletian
_______ was a Roman emperor who ordered prices and wages frozen.
Constantinople
Under the leadership of Constantine I, the new capital of the Roman Empire was _______.
Europe – Asia – and Africa
The Roman Empire included portions of which of the following continents?
Colosseum
The Roman structure that features heavy use of arches and columns is the _______.
50,000
Circus Maximus was an oval arena that could seat approximately _______ people.
Peter
The first pope was _______.
Nero
It is believed _______ ordered the deaths of Peter and Paul.
Woden
The German god of war was _______.
The body heat of their farm animals
Germans warmed their huts by _______.
Made sacrifices to the emperor
Romans allowed the practice of other religions as long as people ______.
Parable
Stories with simple moral lessons are called _______.
Apostles
The twelve men who traveled with Jesus and helped spread his teachings were called _______.
Heavy taxes
Which of these was an economic cause of the decline of the Roman Empire?
Gupta
The _______ Empire reached its greatest height as the Roman Empire was collapsing.
Asoka
The ruler of the Maurya Empire was _______.
Wu Ti
The best-known ruler of the Han dynasty was _______.
Taoism
Simplicity, meditation, and closeness with nature were aspects of _______.
China and Europe
Trade and travel between _______ expanded During the Han dynasty
Shih Huang Ti
______ ordered the construction of the Great Wall of China.
Guatama
The founder of Buddhism was _______.
Ch’in
Some people believe the name China developed during the _______ dynasty.
Zero
Indian scholars developed the concept of ___ during the Gupta Empire, about 320 AD.
Han
Art, education, and science flourished during the ________ dynasty.
Brahman
The Hindus believe the single force that unites everything in nature is called _______.
Greek fire
The first military secret weapon was called _______.
Venice
As the Byzantine Empire crumbled, the center of trade moved from Constantinople to ______.
Tribonian
_______ rewrote the Byzantine legal system to make it less complicated.
Justinian I
Many experts believe _______ was the greatest of the Byzantine emperors.
His wife Theodora
Justinian’s leadership was greatly influenced by _______.
Eastern
The _______ portion of the Roman Empire became the Byzantine Empire.
Belisarius
The first military secret weapon was developed under the leadership of _______.
Wood
The natural resource that was most plentiful in Russia was _______.
Heavy trade
Kiev became known as the \”Mother of Russian Cities\” because of its ______.
Secret police force
The Oprichniki created by Ivan the Terrible was a _______.
Scandinavian
\”Rus\” is a _______ term that means \”warrior band.\”
Kiev
The capital of the first Russian state was _______.
Golden Horde
The Mongols that destroyed Kiev were called the _______.
Kremlin
The strong fortress located within many Russian cities was called a/an _______.
Ivan III
The Mongols remained in Russia until _______ became prince.
Batu Khan
______ led the Mongols into Russia and conquered Kiev.
Eastern Orthodox Church
The official church of Russia was the _______.
Oleg
The first Russian state was established by _______.
Umayyad
When the Arab capital was moved to Damascus, the _______ dynasty was founded.
Successor
Caliph is an Arabic word that means _______.
Mecca
The largest oasis in Arabia was _______.
Hegira
Mohammad’s flight from Mecca was called the _______.
Koran
The sacred book of the Muslims is called the _______.
Shiites and Sunnis
Muslims were divided into two groups, _______.
Act of submission
Islam means _______.
Vikings
The strongest invaders to attack western Europe during the Middle Ages were the _______.
Germany
The Kingdom of Louis eventually became _______.
Rome
The coronation of Charlemagne took place in _______.
Lothair
The middle territory of Charlemagne’s empire was called the Kingdom of _______.
Charles the great
Charlemagne means _______.
Clovis
The leader of the Franks was _______.
Leo III
Charlemagne was crowned Roman Emperor by Pope _______.
Church court
The Inquisition was _______.
Forced out of the church
To be excommunicated is to be _______.
Squire
The duties of a _______ were to care for the horse and armor of his superior.
knight
A trained soldier or specialist in war during feudal times was called a _______.
Manors
Large self-sufficient farming estates were called _______.
Anglo-Saxons
The Celts fled to Ireland with the invasion of the ______.
Danelaw
The King of England gave Danish invaders a piece of land called _______.
400
Roman rule of the British Isles lasted approximately ______ years.
Celts
The _______, although conquered by Romans, would not allow Roman culture to have an influence on them.
Picts and Scots
The two groups of people who resisted Roman rule and fled to Scotland were the _______.
Angleland
Before the name England was given to a part of the British Isles, the country was known as _______.
Tapestries
Woven pictures hung on the walls in the homes of nobles were called _______.
Wessex
Before Alfred became Alfred the Great, King of England, he ruled the Anglo-Saxon province of ______.
Eric the red
_______ led many Viking explorations throughout the North Atlantic.
Mustaches and beards
In their personal appearance, Viking men took great pride in their _______.
Secret
The word rune comes from a Scandinavian word that means _______.
Berserkers
Viking warriors were called _______.
Floating islands
Vikings sometimes camouflaged their ships to look like _______.
The climate and terrain
Farming was difficult in Scandinavia because of _______.
Vikings written poems
Eddas were _______.
Jarls
Viking civic leaders were usually military chiefs called _______.
Tall and fair skinned
Vikings were mostly _______.
Baltic and Black seas
The Varangian Route used by the Vikings in their explorations was established between the ______.
Minstrels
Wandering musicians in the Middle Ages were called ______.
Wool
Much of the trade during the Middle Ages was based on _______.
Brocade
A cloth woven with a raised design is called _______.
Bourgeoisie
The French word for middle class is _______.
Wandering poet
A troubadour in the Middle Ages was a _______.
Charter
A written document that guaranteed townspeople the right to control their own affairs was called a _______.
Geoffrey Chaucer
\”Canterbury Tales\” was written by _______.
Chancellor
The head of a university in medieval times was a _______.
Obey church canons
During the Middle Ages, a king was expected to ______.
Roger Bacon
The English philosopher who conducted experiments that helped him make predictions was _______.
Inquisition
The council of bishops that served as a church court was called the _______.
Friars
Preachers who sold all of their belongings and depended on community gifts to survive were _______.
Union
A group of people joined together for a common cause is a _______.
Pope Gregory VII
_______ expelled everyone from the church who had bought or sold a position.
Peter the hermit
The first Crusade was led by _______.
Hinduism
Jerusalem is a holy, central city for all the following religions except ______.
One third
About _______ of the Crusaders survived the trip to Asia Minor.
Clermont
Christians were called together to fight against enemies of the church during a meeting at _______.
Four
The crusaders established ________ kingdoms on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea.
30000,
Despite terrible hardships, during the Nobles’ Crusade, ______ crusaders arrived in Asia Minor and defeated the Turks.
Banking
Principles of _______ that are used today began to appear during the Crusades.
Saladin
The Muslim military leader who led an attack against the Christians was _______.
Stephen of Cloyes
The Children’s Crusade was led by _______.
France
Eleanor brought land from ______ to Henry II when she became his bride.
William and Harold
The Battle of Hastings was fought between _______.
Edward
_______ ordered the construction of Westminster Abbey.
The church
To keep his power, a noble had to be stronger than other nobles and _______.
Thomas Becket
The Archbishop of Canterbury during Henry II’s reign was _______.
Record of info
The Domesday Book was a _______.
Grand jury
A _______ could decide what cases should be brought to trial.
Masterpiece
The product created by a journeyman for approval by guild officials was called a _______.
King Richard I
From the leaders of the Crusade of Kings, _______ finished the crusade.
Estates general
The assembly of nobles and townspeople in France was called the _______.
Talk
The word Parliament comes from the French word \”parler,\” which means to _______.
Great council
The witenagemot was renamed the _______.
Office
The papacy is the _______ of the pope.
John Wycliffe
_______ wanted an English translation of the Bible and was seen as a heretic.
Richard
_______ succeeded Henry II in retaining the English throne.
Runnymede
The Magna Carta was signed at _______.
France
The monarchy in ______ was more powerful than in England.
Wars of the Roses
The civil wars in England were called the _______.
The English
Joan of Arc was burned at the stake by _______.
Joan of Arc
______ claimed to have been told by God to save France.
Siege
To surround with enemy forces and cut off supplies in an attempt to capture a city is called a _______.
Tudor
The _______ dynasty was established in England at the end of the English civil war.
Italy
Otto I wanted to expand Germany by adding _______ to his empire.
Reconquista
The crusade of the Spanish knights to drive the invaders out of the country was called the _______.
Palos
Columbus sailed from _______ on August 3, 1492.
Granada
As a result of the crusade by Spanish knights, the only part of Spain controlled by Muslims was _______.
Aragon
Ferdinand was King of _______ when he married Isabella.
Castile
Isabella was Queen of _______ when she married Ferdinand.
Ghana
The trade route for gold passed through the kingdom of _______.
King Kasha
In 750 BC, _____ of Kush, conquered Egypt.
Kush
One of the first African civilizations was the _______.
Slag
_____ is a waste product from iron ore.
Patrilineal
A family history traced through the father is called ______.
Mansa Musa I
____ made a pilgrimage to Arabia with 12,000 servants, each carrying a bar of gold.
Swahili
______ is a combination of African and Arabic cultures.
Grassland
In 2000 BC, the Sahara Desert was a ______.
Meroe
The capital of the Kush empire was _______.
1800s
Italy and Germany were separated into two independent nations in the _______.
Timbuktu
The capital of Mali was _______.
17
How old was Joan of Arc when she approached Charles VII about an army?
Estates General
The assembly of nobles and townspeople in France was called the _______.
Philip the fair
During the reign of _______, the Estates-General was formed.
The eldest son of a king
A dauphin is _______.
1,000
Most early communities along the Pacific coast had about _______ people.
Tree bark
The Iroquois often covered their homes with _______.
25,000
Some experts believe there were no people in the Americas until _______ ago.
Peaceful
The Iroquois of the Eastern Woodlands were a ______ people.
Spaniards
About 1600 AD, the Plains Indians were introduced to horses and guns by the ________.
Beringia
The land bridge that connected the Americas to Asia was known as ______.
Great Plains
The _______ of North America extended from the Rocky Mountains to the Mississippi River.
Jaguars
Symbols of _______ have been found on many Olmec artifacts.
Aztecs
Tenochtitlan was the capital city of the _______.
Cuzco
_______ was the capital of the Inca empire.
Inca
The _______ civilization developed on the western coast of South America.
Montezuma
_______ was a military leader of the Aztecs.
Middle America
Mesoamerica is a reference to _______.
Genghis Khan
_______ led the Mongol armies that invaded China.
Beijing
The capital city of China under the leadership of Kublai Khan was _______.
Icons
During the Tang dynasty, fine works of art EXCEPT _______, were available in many places in China.
They were heavier
Chinese ships during the Ming dynasty were different from European ships because _______.
Manchus
The Ming dynasty was conquered by _______.
Yuan
The first foreign dynasty in China was called the _______ dynasty.
Cheng Ho
______ sailed to many parts of the world for China.
Marco Polo
______ came to China during the Yuan dynasty.
Middle ages
China reached its greatest height during the ______.
Before the Renissance
The printing press was invented _______.
Don Quixote
Cervantes is noteworthy for creating _______.
El Greco
The artist closely associated with long faces and dramatic art is _______.
Michelangelo
_______ is well-known for his marble sculpture Pieta.
Inventor
Leonardo da Vinci was both an artist and a/an _______.
Sculptor
Michelangelo was both a painter and a/an _______.
Lorenzo De Medici
Michelangelo studied under the patronage of _______.
Martin Luther
______ is credited with starting the movement known as the Reformation.
Huguenots
French Protestants were known as _______.
Indulgences
Pardons from the pope for certain mistakes are called _______.
Protestants
The group that left the Catholic church in 1520 was known as _______.
Puritans
Protestants wanting to cleanse the Church of England of Catholic ways were known as _______.
He wanted to divorce
Henry VIII was forced out of the Catholic church because _______.
Monarch
A _______ led the Reformation movement in England.
Geneva Switzerland
The first Protestant church governed by a council of ministers was formed in _______.
Excommunicate
To force one out of the church is to _______ them.
An armada
A large group of war ships is called _______.
Wittenberg Germany
Martin Luther was a monk and teacher from _______.
Edict of Nantes
The _______ gave the Huguenots freedom of worship.
Tycho Brahe
He used a large observatory to study the stars and planets.
Paracelsus
He learned that chemical changes can transform one substance into another.
Johannes Kepler
He proved the theories of Copernicus.
Copernicus
He wrote the book entitled On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Bodies.
Ambroise Pare
He developed a technique for closing wounds using stitches.
Sir Issac Newton
He invented a new method of mathematical calculation called calculus.
Galileo
His teachings were condemned by the Catholic church and he was tried as a heretic.
Retract
To publicly admit an error, as Galileo was forced to do, is to ______.
William Harvey
He found that the heart circulates blood.
The Last Supper
Michelangelo created all of the following works EXCEPT ______.
Mayan
The _______ civilization developed in what is today Mexico, Belize, and Guatemala. Causeways, _______ were a way across water.
Cavaliers
_______ would most likely be seen with curly, long hair.
William of Orange
Mary was the wife of _______, a Dutch Protestant ruler.
Puritans
Most Roundheads were ______.
Oliver Cromwell
_______ formed the new model army that helped end the civil war in England.
Petition of Right
Parliament created the _______ to limit the power of the monarch.
Elizabeth
Henry VIII and ______ I were tudor rulers.
Charles II
Under the rule of _______, men began to wear silks, velvets, and large wigs.
Albany New York
The Dutch claim in the New World was established at _______.
Cortes
The Aztec Empire of King Montezuma was invaded and destroyed by _______.
Four
Christopher Columbus made _______ voyages in search of new trade routes to the Indies.
Coronado
The Grand Canyon was discovered by _______.
Balboa
The first European to see the Pacific Ocean was _______.
Pizarro
The Inca Empire was conquered by _______.
Boycotting
Colonists reacted to taxes imposed by the British by _______.
Yorktown
The American Revolution ended when the British surrendered at _______.
Ratify
Which of these words means to give approval?
1789
The U.S. Constitution was adopted in _______.
Navigation acts
The _______ required American colonies to supply England with raw materials and a market for finished goods.
Patrick Henry
At the First Continental Congress, colonists such as Samuel Adams and ______ were willing to go to war with Great Britain, though most colonists hoped that war could be avoided.
1781
The Declaration of Independence was signed on July 4, 1776, but fighting continued until _______.
Limited govenrment
A system of _______ allows a government to use only the powers given to it by the people.
Expansion and war
England was in great debt because of _______.
First Continental Congress
The meeting held by representatives of the colonies to discuss independence was the _______.
July 14
Bastille Day is celebrated on _______.
Marie Antoinette
_______ was the wife of Louis XVI.
Fortress
The Bastille was a _______.
National Assembly
Members of the Third Estate declared themselves to be the _______.
Sun King
Louis XIV was also known as the _______.
40 years
The Palace of Versailles was built in _______.
First Consul
As head of the French government, Napoleon’s first title was _______.
Male landowners
Under the Directory, _______ were allowed to vote.
Consulate
Napoleon and his assistants set up a new government called the _______.
Waterloo
Napoleon suffered his final defeat at _______.
Not successful
The Directory was _______.
Exile
A person in _______ leaves their country forever.
Belgium
When France defeated Austria, it acquired the country of _______.
The Dutch Cape Colony
In the division of France, Great Britain took _______.
Edmund Burke
A conservative who became well-known because he condemned the French Revolution was _______.
Communism
Karl Marx developed a system of equality called _______.
Prince Klemens
_____ presided over the Congress in Vienna.
Utopian Socialists
The group that believed their system of cooperating communities was better than any other was the _______.
Socialists
The group that wanted the state to own all means of production was the _______.
Congress system
The plan for dividing France was called the _______.
Beheaded
Charles I, son of James I and a Stuart monarch, was ______.
John Cabot
______ established a claim in the New World for England.
Give up the throne
To abdicate is to _______.
Vasco De Gama
An all-water route to the Indies from western Europe was discovered by _______.
Subsistence
On what kind of farm do families live almost entirely on what they raise?
Fur
Which of these trade items came from all three regions?
Tobacco
In Virginia, Maryland, and North Carolina, what was the main crop?
Lumber – fish – and whale oil
Which of these were products associated with the New England colonies?
Navigation acts
Which laws were passed by England to enforce the mercantile system?
Grand bank
Which of these is the location of some of the richest fishing waters in the world?
Nantucket
Which New England city became the greatest whaling seaport in the world?
Frontier
What was the thinly settled area beyond the settled communities known as the?
Rivers
Where were plantations usually built?
Two
How many times a year were the cabins of the slaves usually cleaned?
Black
In 1860, which of these groups composed half of the seamen in the U.S. Navy?
The Netherlands
At Jamestown, Virginia, a trader from which country was the first person to sell slaves?
120000
The Dutch alone had been responsible for bringing about how many slaves to colonial America?
Black Market
Which term came from the practice of slaves trading or bartering produce among themselves and illegally selling the surplus?
Guinea
From which country on the west coast of Africa did the Dutch buy slaves?
Portugese
Which of these were the first to enter the slave trade?
15 million
The United States paid _______ for California and the New Mexico Territory.
Mexican Cession
The land given to the United States was called the _______.
Rio Grande
Texas claimed that its southern border was the _______ River.
New Mexico territory
The area including New Mexico, Arizona, and parts of Nevada, Utah, and Colorado was known as _______.
28th
Texas became the nation’s _______ state.
San Diego
Father Junipero Serra established a mission at _______.
Gaspar de Portola
_______ was a Spanish soldier who helped establish permanent European settlements in California.
Martin Van Buren
The Presidential candidate who opposed the annexation of Texas was _______.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
By signing the _______, Mexico gave California and New Mexico Territory to the United States.
Bear
The animal featured on the first California flag was a(n) ______.
Santa Fe trail
The trail from Independence, Missouri to Santa Fe, New Mexico was known as the _______.
Adult white males
The group of people who got the highest paying jobs were _______.
Haymarket riot
The event that made the general public doubt whether unions were good was called the _______.
Homestead strike
A battle fought between the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Union workers and guards over a wage cut resulted in several deaths and was known as the _______.
Horseless carriages
The first motorized vehicles were nicknamed _______.
Samuel Gomper
The American Federation of Labor was organized by _______.
Knights of labor
The first labor union was called the _______.
Japan
In 1853, the American Navy, led by Matthew Perry, sailed into _______.
Europe
During the age of imperialism, _______ took control over most of Africa.
1600s
Prior to Commodore Perry’s visit, the country of Japan had held a rigid policy of isolation since the _______.
Debt
One reason Congress did not want to purchase Alaska was _______.
Sewards icebox
When it was first purchased, Alaska had the nickname of \”_______.\”
England France Germany Russia Japan
Since China had not industrialized and was at a disadvantage for keeping out western imperialism
there was little resistance when _______ moved into China.
Domain
When one country claims another as its own, that country is under the _______ of the controlling country.
Imperialistic
Strong countries that move into other countries for selfish reasons are called _______.
Alaska
America expanded its territory by 360 million acres with the purchase of ______.

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